7.3.3. Rules for expressing monetary units
When to use the name
When a monetary unit is referred to generally but an amount is not included, it is spelt out in letters, except in tables (see ‘When to use the ISO code’):
an amount in euros
a sum in pounds sterling
When to use the ISO code
When the monetary unit is accompanied by an amount, use the ISO code ‘EUR’
followed by a hard space and the amount in figures (compulsory in
all legal texts):
The amount required is EUR 12 500.
A difference of EUR 1 550 has been noted.
In written text it is ‘a’ rather than ‘an’ EUR 3 million programme.
When indicating the main unit for a whole table, the ISO code and any multiplier appear in brackets above the table, ranged to the right. Italic type is used:
Legal acts — Official Journal
In English texts published in the Official Journal, the ISO code ‘EUR’ must be used and amounts are indicated in figures:
EUR 10 000
EUR 1 000 000 (not EUR 1 million)
In English texts, for other currencies, when the monetary unit is accompanied by an amount, use the relevant ISO code for the currency followed by a hard space and the amount in figures:
A sum of GBP 300 was received and GBP 250 was spent.
Court of Auditors
In texts for the Court of Auditors, the amounts are followed by the currency, spelt out:
an expenditure of 15 000 euros
When to use the euro sign (€)
The euro sign is reserved for use in graphics. However, its use is also permitted
in popular works and promotional publications (e.g. sales catalogues). In word
processing systems, the euro sign can be obtained by simultaneously pressing
the left-hand Alt key and 0128. The technical specifications for the euro sign
can be downloaded from the Commission’s euro website (http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/euro/cash/symbol/index_en.htm).
In HTML, the final presentation and configuration of a document must be taken
into account. Texts created using Unicode pose no problem but in
older texts created using ISO 8859, the HTML code ‘€’ will show the
euro sign on screen but it may be missing when printed on paper. (This problem
has been overcome by using a gif or jpg image for the euro sign.) For texts
entering a production process and intended for automatic transfer to an intranet
or internet site, you are advised to avoid using the euro sign (use the ISO
code ‘EUR’ instead).
Position of the ISO code
or euro sign in amounts
In English texts, the ISO code ‘EUR’ is followed by a hard space and the amount:
a sum of EUR 30
The same rule applies in Irish, Latvian and Maltese.
In all other official EU languages the order is reversed; the amount is followed
by a hard
space and the ISO code ‘EUR’ (or the euro sign in graphics):
une somme de 30 EUR
However, the euro sign (when permitted) is followed by the amount without the intervening hard space:
With million or billion
The following forms may be used when referring to millions or billions:
EUR 10 000 000
with the words ‘million’ or ‘billion’:
EUR 10 million
EUR 15 billion
in table headings (usually within brackets
million EUR, billion GBP
m EUR, bn GBP
10 million EUR, 10 billion GBP
10 m EUR, 10 bn GBP
m EUR or bn EUR may only be used when space is insufficent for spelling out.
Million/billion with decimals
When dealing with budgetary data, it is advisable to use the following form.
Up to three decimal places, keep to the appropriate unit:
1.326 billion (not 1 326 million)
Above three decimal places, descend to the smaller unit:
1 326.1 million (not 1.3261 billion)
This makes the figures easier to read and compare.