Eurofound yearbook 2012
Living and working in Europe
The EU and its citizens faced enormous challenges in 2012 as the limited economic recovery of the previous year stalled, GDP fell and unemployment began to grow again. Governments in many Member States were caught between the need to cut spending to control public debt and at the same time provide more support to citizens, including both growing numbers of unemployed people and ageing populations. The European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations 2012 sought to promote active ageing in three areas – employment, participation in society and independent living – to address... Europe’s demographic issue. At the same time, economic problems dominated. Overall unemployment reached 11% in December with youth unemployment at 23%. The poor labour market of recent years has had a particular impact on young people and the widespread phenomenon of young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs) has been recognised as a serious problem for the individuals, their states and Europe as a whole. As this yearbook on living and working in Europe 2012 describes, one of the starkest findings was the divergence between and within countries. Some Member States have suffered greatly while others have not. Higher-paid jobs have been much more resilient than low to mid-paid jobs and have grown. Groups that were already vulnerable are suffering more in the crisis and countries are diverging on quality of life measures. In some countries a substantial number of people report great difficulty in making ends meet and the countries most affected by the economic crisis have seen falling trust in public institutions, particularly national governments. Citizens report more tension between rich and poor and between racial groups. As the EU responds to the crisis and to growing divisions within Europe, Eurofound continues to work to inform, monitor and support the policymaking response.
- Corporate author(s): Eurofound (EU body or agency) Themes: Labour market — Free movement of workers
- Subject: activity report, economic recession, employment statistics, European social policy, labour market, living conditions
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