The report “Study on the Role of Men in Gender Equality” is meant to provide a better knowledge of the role and positioning of men in gender equality issues. Men’s practices and interests regarding gender equality vary, partly due to differences in provider roles and economic circumstances, but also due to different social, political and cultural patterns. During the last years a special focus on men has emerged at the European level and the amount of research as well as specific strategies have increased. Still, there is little systematised knowledge about men’s practices regarding gender... equality in the different European countries. This report is the first European study which undertakes systematic research of the EU 27 member states plus the associated EFTA states in the following fields: the importance of education and work in the context of increasing men’s contribution to gender equality, the involvement of men in family, care and domestic work responsibilities, men’s health, gender-based violence and men’s participation in gender equality policy. The report offers international insights allowing for comparisons and it refers to the costs of traditional gender roles as well as to the benefits of gender equality, especially focussing on the role of men and on innovative practices. The main results serve as a source for recommendations developed in order to improve the role of men in gender equality across Europe. The recommendations are supposed to lead to changes on the structural level, to the development of political measures and their institutionalisation as well as to practical initiatives. All these ideas and empirically-based recommendations are targeted at policy makers and other stakeholders at EU, national and industry levels in order to better design and implement gender equality policies taking into account the role of men.