Analysis of projects funded under the LLP addressing issues related to ‘Roma’ and ‘social inclusion’
The Lifelong Learning programme (LLP) promotes lifelong learning for citizens of all ages and social background. The LLP also covers horizontal issues such as the elimination of all forms of discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age and/or sexual orientation. A fundamental feature of the LLP is the transnational cooperation instrument which brings together thousands of European schools, vocational training providers, universities and other such organisations to enable them to improve their work, knowledge and mutual understanding by means of... exchange of good practices. Many of the partnerships thus established have the potential to become stable, sustainable networks for exchange of good practices and, similarly, the best projects have the potential for wider implementation and may constitute the basis for the development of wider structures. The thousands of LLP funded projects can provide valuable insights for policy makers and practitioners involved in designing programmes, policies and reforms in their national systems. However, the knowledge and experience that has been accumulated throughout the LLP implementation may not be exploited and fully used, if the lessons learnt and the most successful approaches are not identified and disseminated. The aim of the present report is to present a synthetic analysis of a selection of good practice projects funded under the LLP which focussed on Roma, looking at conditions for success, common challenges and lessons to be learned with a view to transferability of knowledge and practice. Based on these findings, the report draws conclusions and recommendations which may inspire practitioners and/or policy makers in devising education and social inclusion programmes or policy measures addressing issues faced by the Roma population. The report also integrates previously identified principles and goals of inclusive policy making in relation to Roma and highlight where these approaches were incorporated and successfully implemented by the projects funded under the LLP. In addition, Contributions from EURoma (European Network on Social Inclusion and Roma under the Structural Funds) and Ágota Scharle (from the Budapest Institute for Policy Analysis), who were consulted as part of this research, have been integrated in this report. Throughout this report the term “Roma” is used – similarly to other political documents of the European Parliament and the European Council – as an umbrella which includes groups of people who have more or less similar cultural characteristics, such as Sinti, Travellers, Kalé, Gens du voyage, etc. whether sedentary or not.