Grade retention in schools in Europe
Huge differences between countries
The study Grade Retention during Compulsory Education in Europe: Regulations and Statistics compares how grade retention – making pupils repeat a school year – is applied in schools across Europe. It shows that practices vary greatly between countries: whether a child has to repeat a year at school depends more on the educational culture concerned and teacher appraisal than on the child's performance. It was produced for the Commission by the Eurydice network and covers 31 countries (all EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey).
- Corporate author(s): Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EU body or agency) , Eurydice (Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency) Themes: Education policy
- Subject: backwardness at school , compulsory education , education policy , education statistics , EFTA , EU Member State , primary education , Turkey