A second set of recommendations for research and development by DG-RTD's Advisory Group on energy
Since the energy crises of the 1970s major progress has been made in improving both the efficiency of energy use and energy production from non-fossil sources. Thus overall EU energy efficiency has roughly doubled over that period, waste/biofuels combustion for energy, windpower and solar water heating have entered widespread use where the circumstances are favourable and improved nuclear power plant are becoming available. But accelerated progress to less carbon dioxide emission and less dependence on natural oil and gas is now essential. Almost all low carbon and renewable energy... technologies need further improvement if their penetration of the energy market is to be as fast and extensive as circumstances require. AGE therefore set down in an earlier report (EUR21352) what it believed were the ‘Key Tasks’ for EU energy R&D, aimed at making the technological improvements that are needed, and has no reason to change those recommendations. That work deliberately focused on what AGE judged the most important low-carbon technologies but in this report we have extended it to cover improved energy efficiency, several more renewable energy sources and those cross cutting technologies, such as high temperature materials, that could enable better energy supply and use technologies. The outcome is a ‘further’ set recommendations for EU R&D.