Evidence and interventions for drug users in treatment
Although the quality and provision of drug treatment has improved significantly in the European Union (EU) over the last two decades, most activities are currently predominantly oriented towards the management and cessation of substance use. This has led to concerns that support aimed at the psychosocial and other needs of problem drug users is lacking. This apparent gap recently received increased attention in many Member States, where drug policies have focused attention on ‘recovery’ and social reintegration. This report aims to review recent discussions and developments concerning the... social reintegration of problem drug users and examines the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions that aim to increase their employability. To this end, the report draws upon a review of scientific papers and grey literature, national reports submitted by the focal points of the EMCDDA Reitox network, and EMCDDA standard data collection. Although evidence is sparse, it is possible to integrate this information and to present in this report a logic model to assist policymakers and drug practitioners in developing coherent and inclusive strategies to promote social reintegration.