Adaptation, selection and silviculture : International workshop : Avignon, France, 11-15 June 1990
The genus Abies is present all round the Mediterranean Basin. In Spain, Morocco and Algeria the different species occupy only small areas which are considered as relics. In Turkey and in Greece the Mediterranean firs are more abundant and in contact with Abies nordmanniana and Abies alba the European Silver Fir. All these species are characterized by their more or less important adaptability to drought. Twenty years research on Mediterranean Firs in France showed clearly their importance for reafforestation in the Mediterranean region. Mediterranean Firs can form productive, stable and healthy... stands producing timber of good quality. The stands are quite resistant against wildfire and natural regeneration can be obtained quite easily. The rational use and introduction of these species relies on two important facts : the knowledge and the conservation of their genetic diversity and the optimization of their introduction in potential reaf-forestation areas. The performance of these species planted under different site conditions is still insufficiently known and efficient planting methods have still to be developed. The workshop established the actual state of knowledge concer-ning the characteristics, the ecology and the silvicultural utilization of these species. The following species were concerned : Abies cephalonica, A. borisii-regis, A. equi-trojani, A. bornmulleriana, A. cilicica, A. numidica, A. marocana, A. pinsapo, A. nebrodensis as well as some provenances from dry regions of Abies alba (Pays de Sault, Calabria, a.s.o.). The following scientific items were discussed : Ecology and evolution, Physiology and ecophysiology, Genetics and breeding, Silviculture, growth and yield, management, Pests and diseases. The workshop took place at the end of a research project "Mediterranean Firs, Adaptation, Selection and Silviculture" financed by the E.E.C. R & D programme "Wood, including cork, as a renewable raw material", 1986-1989, with the participation of INRA (France), CEMAGREF (France), Istituto Sperimentale per la Selvivoltura, Arezzo (Italy) and the University of Thessaloniki (Greece).
- Corporate author(s): Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (European Commission) , Directorate-General for the Information Society and Media (European Commission) - Now known as... - Now known as... Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (European Commission)
- Personal author(s): Oswald, H; Ducrey, M