Case study on Heat pumps in Arnhem, the Netherlands
Annex A.3 to part 1 of the study on the competitiveness of the renewable energy sector
The European Commission aims to analyse the competitiveness of the European heating and cooling industry. Four case studies of successful and competitive deployment of heating and cooling solutions at a city level from selected organizations support this analysis. The case studies aim to illustrate how competitive renewable energy technologies such as solar-thermal, biomass, biogas and heat pump are in the context of different local factors across Europe, and what are their impacts on local communities. The current case study is based on the desk search, field visit and interviews. It presents... a renovation project involving 96 small houses in the Presikhaaf district of Arnhem (the Netherlands). As part of the renovation, the houses were fully insulated to lower energy consumptions; in addition, solar photovoltaic (PV) panels were installed on the rooftops (35 panels per house, 300Wp per panel) to generate electricity and heat pumps (air-to-water, 8kW) were deployed for space heating and domestic hot water.
- Corporate author(s): CEPS , COWI , Directorate-General for Energy (European Commission)
- Personal author(s): Simonelli, Felice; Zarra, Antonella Themes: Energy policy, Renewable sources of energy
- Subject: air conditioning, case study, competitiveness, energy market, energy policy, heat pump, heating, Netherlands, physical process, renewable energy