Strategies for innovative and effective ICT components & systems manufacturing in Europe
Final report - Study
This is the Final Report of the study "Strategies for Innovative and Effective ICT Components and Systems Manufacturing in Europe" entrusted by the European Commission DG Connect to IDC and FORA. This study has identified and profiled 48 European clusters, focusing on their strengths and weaknesses and their key success factors for innovation performance. A comparative analysis with 10 leading international clusters, from the US and Asia, has led us to identify the most effective mix of policies and funding measures, able to support the successful development of the clusters. The study found... that there is already a wide array of policies for clusters, mainly in the area of innovation and R&D. Clusters are becoming a preferred channel for national and EU research funding, thanks to their ability to reach out to mixed stakeholder communities, particularly SMEs. However, there is a need for greater harmonization and coordination between the local, national and EU level policies. International clusters receive substantial incentives to attract R&D and production facilities. EU clusters need to match these business conditions to compete; this requires an adaptation of EU State Aid rules which are currently perceived as too restricting.