Policies and approaches to school evaluation in Europe
Schools are the basic building blocks of education and training systems and key actors of education policy. School evaluation is an important way to improve school organisation and functioning as well as to enhance the quality of education provision. Improving the quality of education and training is a constant concern in the policy debate on education both at national and EU level. It is one of the four major objectives for education systems in the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020). To assist this process, the report Assuring Quality in Education...: Policies and Approaches to School Evaluation in Europe takes stock of the structures and organisation of school evaluation at primary and compulsory secondary level education in all EU Member States, as well as Iceland, Norway, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Turkey. The report examines the two major types of school evaluation: external evaluation, conducted by evaluators who are not directly involved in school activities, and internal evaluation, where most evaluators are members of the examined school's staff. The report contains both country-specific and comparative reviews of school evaluation in Europe and refers to the year 2013/14. These Highlights provide a snapshot of some the most important findings in the report.