Medical countermeasures, vaccines and vaccination
Vaccination : a main component of primary prevention in public health
Vaccines protect from serious illness and complications of vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccination is one of the most successful and cost-effective health investments in history. Vaccination programmes led to the eradication of smallpox, the near eradication of polio, and an estimated 74% reduction in measles deaths over the last 10 years. Nonetheless, Europe is still facing avoidable large measles outbreaks in a number of countries due to suboptimal vaccination coverage, seasonal influenza vaccination coverage in many Member States is low and in some countries even decreasing, and the... current EU polio-free status is at risk due to immunisation gaps and challenges related to polio surveillance. Also, growing vaccine hesitancy contributes to low vaccine acceptance and uptake, involving also health care professionals. Moreover, there are increasing capacity constraints and shortages of medicines, including vaccines, in the European Union and globally.
- Corporate author(s): Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (European Commission) Themes: Public health
- Subject: disease prevention, health care system, health expenditure, infectious disease, public health, vaccination, vaccine