Improved waste management is an essential element in efforts to make Europe more resource efficient. If a country is to generate greater economic returns at lower costs to the environment then it must find ways to extract more value from the resources that it takes from nature, while cutting the burden of emissions and waste. One key means of achieving that is by shifting waste management up the waste hierarchy — reducing waste disposal (for example land filling) and instead focusing on waste prevention, reuse, recycling and recovery. This cross-country report presents the outcomes of analyses... of municipal solid waste management in 32 European countries. The study was undertaken by the European Topic Centre on Sustainable Consumption and Production for and in collaboration with the European Environment Agency.