This study explores the current state of affairs within the European External Action Service (EEAS) regarding geographical and gender balance. The study briefly outlines the political and legal background to both issues. The issues, however, pose distinct but related questions. Both demand long-term strategies, especially in the light of the shorter term legacy problems inherited by the EEAS from its constituent components. The issues are distinct in the sense that geographical balance lacks any obvious benchmark and thus notion of what ‘balance’ should be struck, beyond representation of all... EU members at the most senior levels of the Service. Gender balance, by way of contrast, has more obvious societal and institutional based measures of balance. Progress in both regards has been made which, although symbolic, is important for inculcating a sense of wider ownership in the Service. The study concludes with a number of specific recommendations regarding possible ways of improving both geographical and gender balance within the still young EEAS.