Transition to a sustainable energy system for Europe
The R&D perspective
Europe has set a long term objective to change to a sustainable energy system for Europe. The report examines the key drivers of change, and concludes that the task is both important and urgent. Furthermore, the needed energy technologies are not yet ready, and require extensive further R&D. Two critically important fields are energy for transport and conversion technologies for electricity and heat; the report presents the options and identifies key issues in relation to each. End-use efficiency is identified as a further important area, with some R&D needs at a European level, and a... need for an ambitious long term target. Broader energy policy framework must support and encourage energy R&D. Funding and commitment remain inadequate, and new organisational and funding structures must be found in the early days of FP7. A sense of immediate urgency is vital.