The European dimension in education is clearly on the EU policy agenda for more than a decade. Prior to this study there was some evidence on how the European dimension in broad terms (covering also aspects such as foreign language learning) was embedded into the national curricula of Member States. However little was known about what Member States and schools are doing to deliver knowledge and understanding of the European Union specifically. This study aims to bridge this gap. It outlines not only what Member States are doing to promote learning about the European Union (EU) but also... identifies what works to develop students’ understanding of the EU. On the basis of the analysis of these elements, the study identifies a number of scenarios of what the EU could do to support EU learning and provides recommendations for action to address EU learning.