Are we spending the right amount of money on energy research and development? Are we doing the right projects? Are we carrying out projects effectively? Are the results reaching the right people? Are the results being used properly? Was our last programme as useful as we thought it was going to be? What lessons can we learn from the past? What should our next research programme look like? How do we design it to meet future needs? All energy research managers need answers to questions like these, whether they are concerned with single projects, small company or sector programmes, national... programmes, or international programmes. Increasingly, they are turning to impact assessment tools to help them find the answers. However, approaches to energy research impact assessment, and the extent to which they are used, vary across the EU. Therefore, the European Commission brought together an informal group of experts from the Member States to establish the current status of energy research impact assessment in the EU, and to find out what might be done to improve standards and achieve harmonisation.