Status and perspectives of biomass-to-liquid fuels in the European Union
The objective of the Sustainable Energy Technologies Reference and Information System (SETRIS) of the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre of the European Commission is to collect, harmonise and validate information on sustainable energy technologies and perform related techno-economic assessments to establish, in collaboration with all relevant national partners, scientific and technical reference information required for the debate on a sustainable energy strategy in an enlarged EU, and in the context of global sustainable development. In the context of SETRIS, this study aims at... performing a techno-economic analysis of the production of biomass-to-liquid (BTL) fuels and their potential for automotive application in the EU by 2010 and beyond. This includes a critical review of a large number of literature sources on the subject, complemented by the author’s analysis. Special emphasis is given on the biomass gasification step (production of syngas), which is the most challenging part of BTL chains.