Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 5 September 2012
Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber), 5 September 2012.#Bundesrepublik Deutschland v Y and Z.#References for a preliminary ruling from the Bundesverwaltungsgericht.#Directive 2004/83/EC — Minimum standards for determining who qualifies for refugee status or for subsidiary protection status — Article (2)(c) — Classification as a ‘refugee’ — Article 9(1) — Definition of ‘acts of persecution’ — Article 10(1)(b) — Religion as ground for persecution — Connection between the reasons for persecution and the acts of persecution — Pakistani nationals who are members of the Ahmadiyya religious community — Acts by the Pakistani authorities designed to prohibit the manifestation of a person’s religion in public — Acts sufficiently serious for the person concerned to have a well-founded fear of being persecuted on account of his religion — Individual assessment of the facts and circumstances — Article 4.#Joined Cases C‑71/11 and C‑99/11.
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