This publication is designed to serve as a practical tool and reference guide for designing, supervising, and evaluating European Union initiatives to support justice and the rule of law. It follows upon a previous analysis that looked specifically at European Union support to justice reforms in African, Caribbean, and Pacific countries, mainly under the European Development Fund. It is designed to examine the global results from different EU justice sector initiatives using various assistance modalities, and provide guidance and recommendations for EU Delegations engaged in designing,... supervising and assessing programmes related to the justice sector and justice sector reform. The structure of the document is as follows: Chapter 1 examines the justice sector and how it relates to the rule of law, security and good governance. It also highlights the fact that the justice sector is an integral and integrated component of the nation-state as it is configured under the current international system, and affects all aspects of national development. Chapter 2 reviews different tools for analysing and assessing the justice sector. It also presents key components for justice support, modalities of European Union support for the justice sector, aid effectiveness and donor coordination, as well as specific issues regarding fragile situations. Chapter 3 presents findings and recommendations on designing justice sector support and reform programmes, including identification and formulation processes, crosscutting issues, the use of indicators, and dialogue with national counterparts. Chapter 4 presents findings and recommendations on implementation, monitoring and evaluation of justice support, including: project oversight, project management, reporting requirements, interim monitoring, outreach and information dissemination, donor coordination and institutional memory and information management. Chapter 5 includes general lessons learned and recommendations.