The brochure provides an overview of the current situation and future prospects for bio-energy in Europe taking into consideration the overall picture and diﬀ erent uses of biomass resources. The brochure explains the beneﬁ ts of using biomass for energy purposes, the high-technology nature of today’s processes and equipment, and the roles of research and policy-making in the full development of this sector in the future. The text is divided into three main chapters covering biomass resources, conversion processes and energy products. The focus is on the European situation and, where... appropriate, activities in other parts of the world are also described. The ﬁ nal chapter presents what the EU is doing to improve the prospects for bio-energy. It gives information on the political context of the EU actions, what has already been achieved in terms of research, legislation, standardisation and the challenges for the future.