2012 has been another very bad year for Europe. After five years of economic crisis, recession has returned, unemployment has reached levels not experienced in nearly two decades and the social situation is also deteriorating. The effect of national automatic stabilisers, intended to keep up household expenditure and protect the most vulnerable, has weakened compared to early years of the crisis. With increasing long-term unemployment, marginalisation risks also increase. Groups already at a heightened risk of poverty, such as young adults, children and to some extent migrants, are now... experiencing an even worse situation. The Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2012 review analyses both the risks of entering into poverty and the prospects of escaping it, with striking differences between Member States.