Manufacturing continues to be the driving force of the European economy, accounting for around 20% of all jobs. The European Economic Recovery Plan, launched in December 2009 to address the current crisis, includes a new Research Public-Private Partnership (PPP) aimed at helping EU manufacturing enterprises, in particular SMEs, to adapt to global competitive pressures by improving their technological base. The "Factories of the Future" (FoF) initiative is a € 1.2 billion programme in which the European Commission and industry will support the development of new enabling technologies for EU... manufacturing which have cross-sectoral benefits and contribute to greener production. Achieving continued growth and sustainability depends on a long-term shift from cost-based competitive advantage to an approach based on high added value. In this Strategic Multi-annual Roadmap for the FoF PPP, four major priority areas have been identified: (i) Sustainable manufacturing, (ii) ICT-enabled intelligent manufacturing, (iii) High performance manufacturing and (iv) Exploiting new materials through manufacturing. The public-private efforts to support research in these areas will contribute to a successful European strategy for industrial growth in a greener economy.