Europe without borders
The Schengen area
The construction of the Schengen area began in 1985 when five countries signed the Schengen Agreement that set out the gradual abolition of checks at common borders. The agreement was supplemented by the 1990 Schengen Implementing Convention that set out the final abolition of internal border controls, as well as a series of necessary accompanying measures. The convention strengthened external border checks, defined procedures for issuing uniform visas, established the SIS, increased police cooperation at internal borders and improved action against drug trafficking.
- Corporate author(s): Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs (European Commission) Themes: Construction of Europe, Community treaties, agreements and conventions
- Subject: EU police cooperation, external border of the EU, free movement of persons, judicial cooperation, Schengen Agreement
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