Homophobia, transphobia and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in the EU Member States
Summary of findings, trends, challenges and promising practices
In 2007, the European Parliament asked the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights to conduct research on discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons in the EU. In response, the FRA published in 2008 an initial comparative legal analysis of LGBT rights and a second report, in 2009, reviewing the social situation. In 2010, the FRA updated its comparative legal analysis, enabling it to show, for the first time, legal trends. This synthesis report brings together and contextualises the main findings of the aforementioned FRA reports in light of the Council of Europe... Recommendation (CM/Rec(2010)5) on measures to combat discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity. Furthermore, it places the findings in the context of relevant initiatives undertaken at EU level. In addition to research findings, this report is enriched by input from roundtables, working groups and expert meetings, in particular the roundtable 'Addressing stereotypes and hate crime targeting lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people' organised by the FRA in Naples in October 2010.