Study on the economic importance of activities ancillary to fishing in the EU
This study aims to analyse and collect economic and social data to assist DG MARE in assessing the impact of future policy orientations and to provide information for policymakers on the potential economic and social impact of different policy options, as well as the cost effectiveness of these. In the European Union, both marine fishing and aquaculture are heavily regulated sectors. Consequently, a considerable amount of data is collected about the primary sector, e.g. the species caught or produced, employment, income generated and other sector-specific indicators. However, much less is... known about the activities ancillary to marine fishing and aquaculture, including their contribution to the local and national economies. Therefore, this study aimed to analyse the economic importance of these activities, taking into account both upstream and downstream activities up to the first point of sale. In addition, the study identifies the most important trends in this sector and places them in the context of the primary sectors of marine fishing and aquaculture. To obtain a better understanding of the underlying data, different segments1 and subsectors of marine fishing and aquaculture were also considered, as were data and key trends in the sector complementary to marine fishing and aquaculture in order also to assess the economic importance of this sector. Finally, this study also researched the economic importance of other sectors closely related to marine fishing and aquaculture, namely shellfish gathering, inland fishing, ice fishing and the seaweed industry. While the research into marine fishing and aquaculture focused on the economic importance of the sector ancillary and complementary to marine fishing and aquaculture, given the size of these sectors, the work on other sectors focused on the economic importance of the primary sector. To fulfil the objectives of this study, different methods were used. First, desk research was carried out to collect all the available data published in literature, (commercial) databases and other relevant sources in all 28 Member States of the European Union. The desk research took into account all the official languages of the European Union. Second, a questionnaire was sent to relevant organisations in order to collect national and regional data. This ensured that data that is not publicly available (for instance in grey literature) was also collected. Third, 73 case studies were carried out to obtain quantitative data on employment, income and profit rates, as well as more qualitative data related to other socio-economic characteristics (e.g. male-female distribution, paid/unpaid labour, age levels, education levels, professional qualifications and working experience) and trends. The data collected on the sector ancillary to marine fishing and aquaculture was extrapolated to estimate the economic importance of this sector at different levels: the European Union as a whole, individual Member States and at regional level. In addition, to the extent possible, estimates were made for each segment and subsector identified for both 2009 and 2014 to capture the evolution of these sectors over time. Finally, the EU results were put in perspective by conducting desk research on six OECD countries outside the European Union.
- Corporate author(s): Capgemini Consulting , Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (European Commission) , Ramboll
- Personal author(s): Spitsbaard, Kris; Oudmaijer, Sander; Viool, Vincent; Kildahl Nico Nielsen, Sarah Themes: Economy — Finance, Fisheries policy
- Subject: aquaculture, bivalve mollusc, data collection, economic activity, economic consequence, economic situation, employment statistics, European Union, fishing industry, freshwater fishing, primary sector, sea fishing, shellfish farming