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3.4. Order of citation

3.4.1. Order of the Treaties

Since 1 December 2009 (the date on which the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force), the order in which the Treaties have been cited (in particular in the citations) has been as follows:

Having regard to the Treaty on European Union,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community.
NB:

Until 30 November 2009, the order in which the Treaties were cited was as follows:

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community,
(the ECSC Treaty expired on 23 July 2002)
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community,
Having regard to the Treaty on European Union,
(this Treaty often comes last, but may come first).

The order in which the ‘Communities’ were cited has varied over time:

1.

Until the end of 1997, the order in which the Communities were cited in the titles of acts varied each year according to the following scheme:

E(E)C, Euratom, ECSC:
1968, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1992, 1995,
Euratom, ECSC, E(E)C:
1969, 1972, 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1996,
ECSC, E(E)C, Euratom:
1970, 1973, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1997.
2.
From 1998 until 23 July 2002, the order was invariable as follows:
EC, ECSC, Euratom
3.
Between 24 July 2002 (after the expiry of the ECSC Treaty) and 30 November 2009, the order in which the Communities were cited was as follows:
EC, Euratom
4.
From 1 December 2009:
EU, Euratom

The terms ‘European Economic Community’ and ‘European Community’ were used as follows:

European Economic Community or EEC: for acts adopted before 1 November 1993,
European Community or EC: for acts adopted since 1 November 1993.
Reference to the Treaties

The full titles of the Treaties must be used when mentioned for the first time.

For further citations:

(1)
where a sole treaty is cited in the same text, the word ‘Treaty’ is used;
(2)
where several treaties are cited in the same text, the full denomination shall be given as much as possible. Otherwise, treaty titles may be cited in abridged form:
‘EU Treaty’ for the Treaty on European Union,
‘TFEU’ for the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
‘EC Treaty’ for the Treaty establishing the European Community,
‘Euratom Treaty’ for the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community,
‘ECSC Treaty’ for the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community.
NB:
A renumbering of the provisions of the Treaties took place in 1999 (Treaty of Amsterdam) and in 2009 (Treaty of Lisbon). The Court of Justice of the European Union and the Court of Auditors follow particular practices for citing articles, according to whether they wish to refer to the earlier or later versions of these successive renumberings.

3.4.2. Order of publication

The order in which authors appear in the different headings and sections of the Official Journal (L and C series) is as follows:

Representatives of the Governments of the Member States (meeting within the Council or not),
Council and the Representatives of the Governments of the Member States,
European Parliament,
European Council,
European Parliament and Council,
Council,
European Commission,
Court of Justice of the European Union,
European Central Bank,
Court of Auditors,
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy,
European Economic and Social Committee,
European Committee of the Regions,
European Investment Bank,
European Ombudsman,
European Data Protection Supervisor,
offices and agencies,
bodies created by international agreements.

Under heading L III and under heading C IV, subheading ‘Notices concerning the European Economic Area’, the order of publication is as follows:

EEA Joint Committee,
EFTA Surveillance Authority,
Standing Committee of the EFTA States,
EEA Consultative Committee,
EFTA Court.

For the protocol order of the different names of institutions, bodies, offices and agencies, see Section 9.5.

3.4.3. Countries

For the names and abbreviations of countries and the order in which they are listed, see Section 7.1 and Annexes A5 and A6.

NB:
In references to international agreements for a State whose name has been changed, the name in force at the time of signing the aforesaid acts must be used and must not be replaced by the new name.

3.4.4. Languages and multilingual texts

For the names and abbreviations of languages and the order in which languages and language versions appear, see Section 7.2.

3.4.5. Currencies

For the names and abbreviations of currencies and the order in which they appear, see Section 7.3 and Annex A7.

For the rules for expressing monetary units, see Section 7.3.3.

Last updated: 20.9.2019
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