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Official Journal
of the European Union

EN

Series L


2024/207

22.2.2024

DEFINITIVE ADOPTION (EU, Euratom) 2024/207

of the European Union’s annual budget for the financial year 2024

THE PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT,

having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 314 thereof,

having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, and in particular Article 106a thereof,

having regard to Council Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 of 14 December 2020 on the system of own resources of the European Union and repealing Decision 2014/335/EU, Euratom (1),

having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2018/1046 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 July 2018 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union, amending Regulations (EU) No 1296/2013, (EU) No 1301/2013, (EU) No 1303/2013, (EU) No 1304/2013, (EU) No 1309/2013, (EU) No 1316/2013, (EU) No 223/2014, (EU) No 283/2014, and Decision No 541/2014/EU, and repealing Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 (2),

having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2020/2093 of 17 December 2020 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2021 to 2027 (3),

having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 16 December 2020 between the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management, as well as on new own resources, including a roadmap towards the introduction of new own resources (4),

having regard to the draft general budget of the European Union for the 2024 financial year, which the Commission adopted on 5 July 2023,

having regard to the position on the draft budget of the European Union for the 2024 financial year, which the Council adopted on 5 September 2023 and forwarded to Parliament on 8 September 2023,

having regard to Letter of Amendment No 1/2024 to the draft general budget of the European Union for the 2024 financial year, which the Commission presented on 9 October 2023,

having regard to the resolution adopted by Parliament on 18 October 2023 on the Council position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the 2024 financial year,

having regard to the amendments to the draft general budget adopted by Parliament on 18 October 2023,

having regard to the letter of 18 October 2023 from the President of the Council stating that the Council was unable to approve all the amendments adopted by Parliament,

having regard to the letter to the President of the Council of 23 October 2023 convening the Conciliation Committee,

having regard to the fact that the Conciliation Committee agreed on a joint text within the 21-day time limit referred to in Article 314(6) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

having regard to the Council’s approval of the joint text on 20 November 2023,

having regard to the Parliament’s approval of the joint text on 22 November 2023,

having regard to Rules 95 and 96 of Parliament’s Rules of Procedure,

DECLARES:

Sole Article

The procedure under Article 314 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union is complete and the European Union’s annual budget for the 2024 financial year has been definitively adopted.

Done at Strasbourg, 22 November 2023.

The President

R. METSOLA


(1)   OJ L 424, 15.12.2020, p. 1.

(2)   OJ L 193, 30.7.2018, p. 1.

(3)   OJ L 433 I, 22.12.2020, p. 11.

(4)   OJ L 433 I, 22.12.2020, p. 28.


All amounts in this budget document are expressed in euro unless otherwise indicated.

Budgetary remarks are only executable insofar as they do not modify or extend the scope of an existing legal base, impinge on the administrative autonomy of institutions and can be covered by available resources.

CONTENTS

GENERAL STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE

INTRODUCTION TO THE UNION’S ANNUAL BUDGET 12
OVERVIEW TABLES OF THE 2024 BUDGET ACCORDING TO THE 2021-2027 MFF 14
OVERVIEW TABLE OF ESTABLISHMENT PLANS OF UNION INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES 33
OVERVIEW TABLE OF BUILDINGS BY UNION INSTITUTION 35

GENERAL STATEMENT OF REVENUE

A. FINANCING OF THE UNION’S ANNUAL BUDGET 44
B. GENERAL STATEMENT OF REVENUE BY BUDGET HEADING 53

STATEMENT OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE BY SECTION

SECTION I: EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 164
— REVENUE 165
— EXPENDITURE 177
— STAFF 254
SECTION II: EUROPEAN COUNCIL AND COUNCIL 256
— REVENUE 257
— EXPENDITURE 270
— STAFF 322
SECTION III: COMMISSION 324
— REVENUE 325
— EXPENDITURE 392
— STAFF 1183
ANNEXES: 1236
— OFFICES 1237
— PILOT PROJECTS AND PREPARATORY ACTIONS 1395
— OTHER ANNEXES 1638
SECTION IV: COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION 1702
— REVENUE 1703
— EXPENDITURE 1713
— STAFF 1755
SECTION V: EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS 1757
— REVENUE 1758
— EXPENDITURE 1768
— STAFF 1805
SECTION VI: EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE 1807
— REVENUE 1808
— EXPENDITURE 1818
— STAFF 1862
SECTION VII: EUROPEAN COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS 1863
— REVENUE 1864
— EXPENDITURE 1874
— STAFF 1915
SECTION VIII: EUROPEAN OMBUDSMAN 1916
— REVENUE 1917
— EXPENDITURE 1930
— STAFF 1966
SECTION IX: EUROPEAN DATA PROTECTION SUPERVISOR 1967
— REVENUE 1968
— EXPENDITURE 1978
— STAFF 2019
SECTION X: EUROPEAN EXTERNAL ACTION SERVICE 2021
— REVENUE 2022
— EXPENDITURE 2035
— STAFF 2087

CONTENTS

GENERAL STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE

INTRODUCTION TO THE UNION’S ANNUAL BUDGET 12
OVERVIEW TABLES OF THE 2024 BUDGET ACCORDING TO THE 2021-2027 MFF 14
OVERVIEW TABLE OF ESTABLISHMENT PLANS OF UNION INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES 33
OVERVIEW TABLE OF BUILDINGS BY UNION INSTITUTION 35

GENERAL STATEMENT OF REVENUE

A. FINANCING OF THE UNION’S ANNUAL BUDGET 44
INTRODUCTION 44
CALCULATION OF THE FINANCING OF THE BUDGET 45
B. GENERAL STATEMENT OF REVENUE BY BUDGET HEADING 53

— TITLE 1:

OWN RESOURCES 54

— TITLE 2:

SURPLUSES, BALANCES AND ADJUSTMENTS 66

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 83

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 106

— TITLE 5:

BUDGETARY GUARANTEES, BORROWING-AND-LENDING OPERATIONS 117

— TITLE 6:

REVENUE, CONTRIBUTIONS AND REFUNDS RELATED TO UNION POLICIES 126

STATEMENT OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE BY SECTION

SECTION I: EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 164
— REVENUE 165

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 166

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 173

— TITLE 6:

REVENUE, CONTRIBUTIONS AND REFUNDS RELATED TO UNION POLICIES 175
— EXPENDITURE 177

— TITLE 1:

PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTION 179

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, FURNITURE, EQUIPMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EXPENDITURE 206

— TITLE 3:

EXPENDITURE RESULTING FROM GENERAL FUNCTIONS CARRIED OUT BY THE INSTITUTION 223

— TITLE 4:

EXPENDITURE RESULTING FROM SPECIAL FUNCTIONS CARRIED OUT BY THE INSTITUTION 242

— TITLE 5:

THE AUTHORITY FOR EUROPEAN POLITICAL PARTIES AND EUROPEAN POLITICAL FOUNDATIONS AND THE COMMITTEE OF INDEPENDENT EMINENT PERSONS 248

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 251
— STAFF 254
SECTION II: EUROPEAN COUNCIL AND COUNCIL 256
— REVENUE 257

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 258

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 265

— TITLE 6:

REVENUE, CONTRIBUTIONS AND REFUNDS RELATED TO UNION POLICIES 268
— EXPENDITURE 270

— TITLE 1:

PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTIONS 271

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, EQUIPMENT AND OPERATING EXPENDITURE 298

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 320
— STAFF 322
SECTION III: COMMISSION 324
— REVENUE 325

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 326

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 336

— TITLE 5:

BUDGETARY GUARANTEES, BORROWING-AND-LENDING OPERATIONS 346

— TITLE 6:

REVENUE, CONTRIBUTIONS AND REFUNDS RELATED TO UNION POLICIES 354
GENERAL SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATIONS (2024 AND 2023) AND OUT-TURN (2022) 392

— TITLE 01:

RESEARCH AND INNOVATION 395

— TITLE 02:

EUROPEAN STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS 467

— TITLE 03:

SINGLE MARKET 529

— TITLE 04:

SPACE 592

— TITLE 05:

REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND COHESION 607

— TITLE 06:

RECOVERY AND RESILIENCE 647

— TITLE 07:

INVESTING IN PEOPLE, SOCIAL COHESION AND VALUES 684

— TITLE 08:

AGRICULTURE AND MARITIME POLICY 775

— TITLE 09:

ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE ACTION 833

— TITLE 10:

MIGRATION 859

— TITLE 11:

BORDER MANAGEMENT 872

— TITLE 12:

SECURITY 892

— TITLE 13:

DEFENCE 921

— TITLE 14:

EXTERNAL ACTION 944

— TITLE 15:

PRE-ACCESSION ASSISTANCE 1027

— TITLE 16:

EXPENDITURE OUTSIDE THE ANNUAL CEILINGS SET OUT IN THE MULTIANNUAL FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK 1039

— TITLE 20:

ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION 1063

— TITLE 21:

EUROPEAN SCHOOLS AND PENSIONS 1158

— TITLE 30:

RESERVES 1174
— STAFF 1183

Annexes

OFFICES 1237
PUBLICATIONS OFFICE 1238
— REVENUE 1239
— EXPENDITURE 1244
EUROPEAN PERSONNEL SELECTION OFFICE 1267
— REVENUE 1268
— EXPENDITURE 1273
OFFICE FOR ADMINISTRATION AND PAYMENT OF INDIVIDUAL ENTITLEMENTS 1295
— REVENUE 1296
— EXPENDITURE 1301
OFFICE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE AND LOGISTICS — BRUSSELS 1319
— REVENUE 1320
— EXPENDITURE 1325
OFFICE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE AND LOGISTICS — LUXEMBOURG 1344
— REVENUE 1345
— EXPENDITURE 1350
EUROPEAN ANTI-FRAUD OFFICE (OLAF) 1369
— REVENUE 1370
— EXPENDITURE 1375
PILOT PROJECTS AND PREPARATORY ACTIONS 1395
PILOT PROJECTS 1396
— EXPENDITURE 1397
PREPARATORY ACTIONS 1540
— EXPENDITURE 1541
OTHER ANNEXES 1638
EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA 1639
LIST OF BUDGET HEADINGS OPEN TO CANDIDATE COUNTRIES AND, IF APPLICABLE, THE WESTERN BALKAN POTENTIAL CANDIDATES AND CERTAIN PARTNER COUNTRIES 1654
EXTERNAL ASSIGNED REVENUE UNDER THE EUROPEAN UNION RECOVERY INSTRUMENT 1657
BORROWING-AND-LENDING OPERATIONS — BORROWING-AND-LENDING OPERATIONS GUARANTEED BY THE UNION BUDGET (BY WAY OF INDICATION) 1661
NOMENCLATURE CHANGES 1691
SECTION IV: COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION 1702
— REVENUE 1703

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 1704

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 1711
— EXPENDITURE 1713

— TITLE 1:

PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTION 1715

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, FURNITURE, EQUIPMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EXPENDITURE 1735

— TITLE 3:

EXPENDITURE RESULTING FROM SPECIAL FUNCTIONS CARRIED OUT BY THE INSTITUTION 1751

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 1753
— STAFF 1755
SECTION V: EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS 1757
— REVENUE 1758

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 1759

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 1766
— EXPENDITURE 1768

— TITLE 1:

PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTION 1769

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, MOVABLE PROPERTY, EQUIPMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EXPENDITURE 1787

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 1803
— STAFF 1805
SECTION VI: EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE 1807
— REVENUE 1808

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 1809

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 1816
— EXPENDITURE 1818

— TITLE 1:

PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTION 1819

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, FURNITURE, EQUIPMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EXPENDITURE 1839

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 1860
— STAFF 1862
SECTION VII: EUROPEAN COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS 1863
— REVENUE 1864

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 1865

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 1872
— EXPENDITURE 1874

— TITLE 1:

PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTION 1875

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, FURNITURE, EQUIPMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EXPENDITURE 1894

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 1913
— STAFF 1915
SECTION VIII: EUROPEAN OMBUDSMAN 1916
— REVENUE 1917

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 1918

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 1926

— TITLE 6:

REVENUE, CONTRIBUTIONS AND REFUNDS RELATED TO UNION POLICIES 1928
— EXPENDITURE 1930

— TITLE 1:

EXPENDITURE RELATING TO PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTION 1932

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, FURNITURE, EQUIPMENT AND MISCELLANEOUS OPERATING EXPENDITURE 1947

— TITLE 3:

EXPENDITURE RESULTING FROM GENERAL FUNCTIONS CARRIED OUT BY THE INSTITUTION 1956

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 1964
— STAFF 1966
SECTION IX: EUROPEAN DATA PROTECTION SUPERVISOR 1967
— REVENUE 1968

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 1969

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 1976
— EXPENDITURE 1978

— TITLE 1:

PERSONS WORKING WITH THE INSTITUTION 1979

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, EQUIPMENT AND EXPENDITURE IN CONNECTION WITH THE OPERATION OF THE INSTITUTION 1995

— TITLE 3:

EUROPEAN DATA PROTECTION BOARD 2001

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 2017
— STAFF 2019
SECTION X: EUROPEAN EXTERNAL ACTION SERVICE 2021
— REVENUE 2022

— TITLE 3:

ADMINISTRATIVE REVENUE 2023

— TITLE 4:

FINANCIAL REVENUE, DEFAULT INTEREST AND FINES 2031

— TITLE 6:

REVENUE, CONTRIBUTIONS AND REFUNDS RELATED TO UNION POLICIES 2033
— EXPENDITURE 2035

— TITLE 1:

STAFF AT HEADQUARTERS 2036

— TITLE 2:

BUILDINGS, EQUIPMENT AND OPERATING EXPENDITURE AT HEADQUARTERS 2053

— TITLE 3:

DELEGATIONS 2076

— TITLE 10:

OTHER EXPENDITURE 2085
— STAFF 2087

GENERAL STATEMENT OF EXPENDITURE

INTRODUCTION TO THE UNION’S ANNUAL BUDGET

The Union’s annual budget (‘the budget’), as set out in Chapter 3 of Title II of Part Six of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), is the instrument which sets out and authorises the total amount of revenue and expenditure appropriations deemed necessary for the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community for each year.

The budget is established and implemented in compliance with the principles of unity, budgetary accuracy, annuality, equilibrium, unit of account, universality, specification, sound financial management and transparency.

The principle of unity and the principle of budgetary accuracy mean that all revenue and expenditure of the Union when it is charged to the budget must be incorporated in a single document.

The principle of annuality means that the budget is adopted for one budgetary year at a time and that both commitment and payment appropriations for the current budgetary year must, in principle, be used in the course of the year.

The principle of equilibrium means that forecasts of revenue for the budgetary year must be equal to payment appropriations for that year; borrowing to cover any budget deficit which may arise is not compatible with the own resources system and will not be authorised.

In accordance with the principle of unit of account, the budget is drawn up and implemented in euros and the accounts must be presented in euros.

The principle of universality means that total revenue is to cover total payment appropriations with the exception of a limited number of revenue items which are assigned to particular items of expenditure. Revenue and expenditure are entered in full in the budget without any adjustment against each other.

The principle of specification means that each appropriation must have a given purpose and be assigned to a specific objective in order to prevent any confusion between appropriations.

The principle of sound financial management is defined by reference to the principles of economy, efficiency and effectiveness.

The principle of transparency ensures sound information on the implementation of the budget and the accounts.

The budget presents revenue and expenditure appropriations by section, one for each of the Union institutions as defined in Article 2, point 67, of the Financial Regulation. The revenue appropriations common to all Union institutions (own resources, surpluses, balances and adjustments) are presented in a separate section ‘Total revenue’.

In accordance with Article 47 of the Financial Regulation, Commission revenue and the revenue appropriations and expenditure appropriations of the other Union institutions are classified according to their type or the use to which they are assigned. The section of the budget relating to the Commission is classified according to the purpose of the expenditure, with a view to enhancing transparency in the management of the budget with reference to the objectives of sound financial management and in particular efficiency and effectiveness.

On its expenditure side, the budget contains differentiated appropriations, which consist of commitment appropriations and payment appropriations, and non-differentiated appropriations. Commitment appropriations cover the total cost of the legal commitments entered into during the financial year, whereas payment appropriations cover payments made to honour the legal commitments entered into in the financial year or preceding financial years.

For 2024, the expenditure appropriations authorised by the budget totals EUR 189 385 440 186 in commitments and EUR 142 630 300 039 in payments, representing a variation rate of 1,6 % and of –13,7 % respectively by comparison with the 2023 budget (including amending budgets).

In accordance with Article 312 of the TFEU, the budget complies with the ceilings for the year 2024 of the multiannual financial framework (MFF) for the period 2021-2027 in accordance with Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2020/2093 of 17 December 2020 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2021 to 2027 (OJ L 433I, 22.12.2020, p. 11). In this respect, this section (‘General statement of expenditure’) includes two overview tables presenting the budget according to the structure by heading of the MFF, at aggregate level as well as at cluster and programme level.

This section also includes the overview table of the establishment plan posts of all Union institutions (and bodies) and the overview table of buildings.

OVERVIEW TABLES OF THE 2024 BUDGET ACCORDING TO THE 2021-2027 MFF

1.   MFF CEILINGS OF THE 2024 BUDGET

The ceilings for commitment and payment appropriations in the MFF (1) are presented in the table below:

Heading

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

Total

 

COMMITMENT APPROPRIATIONS

1.

Single Market, Innovation and Digital

20 919

21 878

21 727

21 598

21 272

21 847

22 077

151 318

2.

Cohesion, Resilience and Values

6 364

67 806

70 137

73 289

74 993

66 536

70 283

429 408

 

2a. Economic, social and territorial cohesion

1 769

61 345

62 939

64 683

66 479

56 725

58 639

372 579

 

2b. Resilience and values

4 595

6 461

7 198

8 606

8 514

9 811

11 644

56 829

3.

Natural Resources and Environment

56 841

56 965

57 295

57 449

57 558

57 332

57 557

400 997

 

of which: Market related expenditure and direct payments

40 368

40 639

40 693

40 603

40 665

40 691

40 651

284 310

4.

Migration and Border Management

1 791

3 360

3 814

4 020

4 387

4 315

4 465

26 152

5.

Security and Defence

1 696

1 896

1 946

2 004

2 243

2 435

2 705

14 925

6.

Neighbourhood and the World

16 247

16 802

16 329

15 830

15 304

14 754

15 331

110 597

7.

European Public Administration

10 635

11 058

11 419

11 773

12 124

12 506

12 959

82 474

 

of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions

8 216

8 528

8 772

9 006

9 219

9 464

9 786

62 991

 

TOTAL COMMITMENTS

114 493

179 765

182 667

185 963

187 881

179 725

185 377

1 215 871

 

 

TOTAL PAYMENTS

163 496

166 534

168 575

170 543

173 654

177 126

180 668

1 200 596

(Multiannual financial framework ceilings in million EUR, at current prices)

2.   OVERVIEW OF THE 2024 BUDGET BY MFF HEADING (AGGREGATE)

 

Budget

Budget

Difference

Difference

2024

2023 (1)

2024 - 2023

2024 / 2023

(1)

(2)

(1 - 2)

(1 / 2)

CA

PA

CA

PA

CA

PA

CA

PA

1.

Single Market, Innovation and Digital

21 493 372 987

20 827 967 003

21 415 056 589

20 190 331 790

78 316 398

637 635 213

0,4 %

3,2 %

Ceiling

21 598 000 000

 

21 727 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

104 627 013

 

311 943 411

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Cohesion, Resilience and Values

74 560 690 949

33 715 996 204

70 586 704 063

56 327 891 508

3 973 986 886

–22 611 895 304

5,6 %

–40,1 %

Ceiling

73 289 000 000

 

70 137 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

1 289 495 333

 

182 220 073

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

280 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

17 804 384

 

12 516 010

 

 

 

 

 

2a.

Economic, social and territorial cohesion

64 665 195 616

24 155 654 152

62 926 483 990

49 143 689 338

1 738 711 626

–24 988 035 186

2,8 %

–50,8 %

Ceiling

64 683 000 000

 

62 939 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

17 804 384

 

12 516 010

 

 

 

 

 

2b.

Resilience and values

9 895 495 333

9 560 342 052

7 660 220 073

7 184 202 170

2 235 275 260

2 376 139 882

29,2 %

33,1 %

Ceiling

8 606 000 000

 

7 198 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

1 289 495 333

 

182 220 073

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

280 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Natural Resources and Environment

57 338 630 839

54 151 402 941

57 218 143 225

56 747 545 265

120 487 614

–2 596 142 324

0,2 %

–4,6 %

Ceiling

57 449 000 000

 

57 295 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

110 369 161

 

76 856 775

 

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: Market related expenditure and direct payments

40 517 278 000

40 505 482 213

40 692 211 000

40 698 181 356

– 174 933 000

– 192 699 143

–0,4 %

–0,5 %

 

EAGF sub-ceiling

41 649 000 000

 

41 518 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rounding difference excluded for calculating the sub-margin

722 000

 

789 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net transfers between EAGF and EAFRD

–1 046 000 000

 

– 825 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net balance available for EAGF expenditure

40 602 278 000

 

40 692 211 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EAGF sub-ceiling corrected by transfers between EAGF and EAFRD

40 603 000 000

 

40 693 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

EAGF sub-margin

85 722 000

 

789 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

EAGF sub-margin (excluding the rounding difference)

85 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Migration and Border Management

3 892 705 671

3 248 967 443

3 727 311 518

2 779 380 252

165 394 153

469 587 191

4,4 %

16,9 %

Ceiling

4 020 000 000

 

3 814 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

127 294 329

 

86 688 482

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Security and Defence

2 321 177 926

2 035 413 531

2 116 636 829

1 137 374 612

204 541 097

898 038 919

9,7 %

79,0 %

Ceiling

2 004 000 000

 

1 946 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

317 177 926

 

170 636 829

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Neighbourhood and the World

16 230 000 000

15 291 157 313

17 211 879 478

13 994 937 845

– 981 879 478

1 296 219 468

–5,7 %

9,3 %

Ceiling

15 830 000 000

 

16 329 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

28 828 204

 

882 879 478

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

371 171 796

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

European Public Administration

11 988 000 603

11 988 000 603

11 345 719 501

11 345 719 501

642 281 102

642 281 102

5,7 %

5,7 %

Ceiling

11 773 000 000

 

11 419 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

215 000 603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

73 280 499

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions

9 175 375 841

9 175 375 841

8 720 412 899

8 720 412 899

454 962 942

454 962 942

5,2 %

5,2 %

 

Sub-ceiling

9 006 000 000

 

8 772 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

0

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

169 375 841

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

0

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub-margin

 

 

51 587 101

 

 

 

 

 

Appropriations for headings

187 824 578 975

141 258 905 038

183 621 451 203

162 523 180 773

4 203 127 772

–21 264 275 735

2,3 %

–13,1 %

 

Of which under Flexibility Instrument

1 635 501 463

1 734 392 297

1 235 736 380

948 114 733

 

 

 

 

 

Ceiling

185 963 000 000

170 543 000 000

182 667 000 000

168 575 000 000

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

586 172 399

 

280 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

360 094 887

31 018 487 259

561 285 177

6 999 933 960

 

 

 

 

Appropriations as % of GNI

1,06 %

0,80 %

1,08 %

0,96 %

 

 

 

 

 

Thematic special instruments

1 560 861 211

1 371 395 001

2 855 153 029

2 679 794 000

–1 294 291 818

–1 308 398 999

–45,3 %

–48,8 %

Total appropriations

189 385 440 186

142 630 300 039

186 476 604 232

165 202 974 773

2 908 835 954

–22 572 674 734

1,6 %

–13,7 %

Appropriations as % of GNI

1,07 %

0,80 %

1,10 %

0,97 %

 

 

 

 

(1) Budget 2023 includes amending budgets 1/2023 to 4/2023.

(Commitment appropriations (CA) and payment appropriations (PA) in EUR at current prices)

3.   OVERVIEW OF THE 2024 BUDGET BY MFF HEADING (BY CLUSTER AND BY PROGRAMME)

 

Budget

Budget

Difference

Difference

2024

2023 (1)

2024 - 2023

2024 / 2023

(1)

(2)

(1 - 2)

(1 / 2)

CA

PA

CA

PA

CA

PA

CA

PA

1.

Single Market, Innovation and Digital

21 493 372 987

20 827 967 003

21 415 056 589

20 190 331 790

78 316 398

637 635 213

0,4 %

3,2 %

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ceiling

21 598 000 000

 

21 727 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

104 627 013

 

311 943 411

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 01 - Research and Innovation

13 639 104 033

12 701 370 884

13 296 916 265

12 592 550 089

342 187 768

108 820 795

2,6 %

0,9 %

 

Horizon Europe

12 897 088 532

11 832 765 189

12 432 890 425

11 893 369 694

464 198 107

–60 604 505

3,7 %

–0,5 %

 

Euratom Research and Training Programme

281 235 603

332 554 884

276 477 488

274 291 070

4 758 115

58 263 814

1,7 %

21,2 %

 

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)

436 299 898

509 170 726

559 848 352

407 228 782

– 123 548 454

101 941 944

–22,1 %

25,0 %

 

Other actions

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

 

 

– 100,0 %

– 100,0 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

24 480 000

26 880 085

27 700 000

17 660 543

–3 220 000

9 219 542

–11,6 %

52,2 %

 

Cluster 02 - European Strategic Investments

4 594 967 505

4 756 129 370

4 902 744 853

4 390 650 864

– 307 777 348

365 478 506

–6,3 %

8,3 %

 

InvestEU Fund

347 546 000

346 692 531

340 742 000

389 842 211

6 804 000

–43 149 680

2,0 %

–11,1 %

 

Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) - Transport

1 757 250 201

2 118 768 416

1 852 540 197

1 943 486 490

–95 289 996

175 281 926

–5,1 %

9,0 %

 

Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) - Energy

885 407 256

741 385 344

856 401 939

720 857 670

29 005 317

20 527 674

3,4 %

2,8 %

 

Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) - Digital

87 128 042

151 240 642

289 076 945

230 032 761

– 201 948 903

–78 792 119

–69,9 %

–34,3 %

 

Digital Europe Programme

1 265 908 188

1 149 659 667

1 326 928 895

856 118 126

–61 020 707

293 541 541

–4,6 %

34,3 %

 

Decentralised agencies

213 446 135

213 446 135

205 418 565

205 418 565

8 027 570

8 027 570

3,9 %

3,9 %

 

Other actions

p.m.

p.m.

3 500 000

3 500 000

–3 500 000

–3 500 000

– 100,0 %

– 100,0 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

13 790 000

14 416 635

4 125 000

17 645 041

9 665 000

–3 228 406

234,3 %

–18,3 %

 

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

24 491 683

20 520 000

24 011 312

23 750 000

480 371

–3 230 000

2,0 %

–13,6 %

 

Cluster 03 - Single Market

958 228 104

914 955 904

939 232 234

943 158 600

18 995 870

–28 202 696

2,0 %

–3,0 %

 

Single Market Programme (incl. SMEs)

602 250 000

601 245 738

602 820 090

615 260 036

– 570 090

–14 014 298

–0,1 %

–2,3 %

 

EU Anti-Fraud Programme

25 505 999

23 211 637

24 850 000

26 370 516

655 999

–3 158 879

2,6 %

–12,0 %

 

Cooperation in the field of taxation (FISCALIS)

38 432 232

30 437 501

37 678 659

36 170 000

753 573

–5 732 499

2,0 %

–15,8 %

 

Cooperation in the field of customs (CUSTOMS)

135 714 000

104 838 141

133 053 000

119 860 000

2 661 000

–15 021 859

2,0 %

–12,5 %

 

Decentralised agencies

135 565 873

135 565 873

125 630 485

125 630 485

9 935 388

9 935 388

7,9 %

7,9 %

 

Other actions

9 000 000

9 000 000

9 700 000

9 700 000

– 700 000

– 700 000

–7,2 %

–7,2 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

11 760 000

10 657 014

5 500 000

10 167 563

6 260 000

489 451

113,8 %

4,8 %

 

Cluster 04 - Space

2 301 073 345

2 455 510 845

2 276 163 237

2 263 972 237

24 910 108

191 538 608

1,1 %

8,5 %

 

European Space Programme

2 088 270 000

2 182 600 000

2 045 101 000

2 090 660 000

43 169 000

91 940 000

2,1 %

4,4 %

 

Union Secure Connectivity

117 350 000

190 200 000

156 300 000

98 550 000

–38 950 000

91 650 000

–24,9 %

93,0 %

 

Decentralised agencies

78 463 345

78 463 345

74 762 237

74 762 237

3 701 108

3 701 108

5,0 %

5,0 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

16 990 000

4 247 500

 

 

16 990 000

4 247 500

0

0

2.

Cohesion, Resilience and Values

74 560 690 949

33 715 996 204

70 586 704 063

56 327 891 508

3 973 986 886

–22 611 895 304

5,6 %

–40,1 %

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

1 289 495 333

 

182 220 073

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

280 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ceiling

73 289 000 000

 

70 137 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

17 804 384

 

12 516 010

 

 

 

 

 

2a.

Economic, social and territorial cohesion

64 665 195 616

24 155 654 152

62 926 483 990

49 143 689 338

1 738 711 626

–24 988 035 186

2,8 %

–50,8 %

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ceiling

64 683 000 000

 

62 939 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

17 804 384

 

12 516 010

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 05 - Regional Development and Cohesion

47 882 433 364

17 300 048 145

46 151 987 499

36 771 174 159

1 730 445 865

–19 471 126 014

3,7 %

–53,0 %

 

European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)

39 434 466 155

13 079 405 451

38 392 573 227

26 233 345 530

1 041 892 928

–13 153 940 079

2,7 %

–50,1 %

 

Cohesion Fund (CF)

8 447 967 209

4 215 982 694

7 755 914 272

10 532 718 629

692 052 937

–6 316 735 935

8,9 %

–60,0 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

p.m.

4 660 000

3 500 000

5 110 000

–3 500 000

– 450 000

– 100,0 %

–8,8 %

 

Cluster 07 - Investing in People, Social Cohesion and Values

16 782 762 252

6 855 606 007

16 774 496 491

12 372 515 179

8 265 761

–5 516 909 172

0,0 %

–44,6 %

 

European Social Fund (ESF)

16 782 762 252

6 855 606 007

16 774 496 491

12 372 515 179

8 265 761

–5 516 909 172

0,0 %

–44,6 %

2b.

Resilience and values

9 895 495 333

9 560 342 052

7 660 220 073

7 184 202 170

2 235 275 260

2 376 139 882

0,0 %

0,0 %

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

1 289 495 333

 

182 220 073

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

280 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ceiling

8 606 000 000

 

7 198 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 05 - Regional Development and Cohesion

34 285 980

31 969 879

33 613 010

36 873 475

672 970

–4 903 596

2,0 %

–13,3 %

 

Support to the Turkish-Cypriot Community

34 285 980

31 969 879

33 613 010

36 873 475

672 970

–4 903 596

2,0 %

–13,3 %

 

Cluster 06 - Recovery and Resilience

4 719 865 703

4 653 961 893

2 637 868 591

2 640 836 067

2 081 997 112

2 013 125 826

78,9 %

76,2 %

 

European Recovery and Resilience Facility and Technical Support Instrument

123 486 392

104 735 800

121 065 192

114 966 000

2 421 200

–10 230 200

2,0 %

–8,9 %

 

Protection of the euro against counterfeiting (the ‘Pericles IV programme’)

884 755

983 192

867 060

1 205 570

17 695

– 222 378

2,0 %

–18,4 %

 

Financing cost of the European Union Recovery Instrument (EURI)

3 340 000 000

3 340 000 000

1 315 775 000

1 315 775 000

2 024 225 000

2 024 225 000

153,8 %

153,8 %

 

Union Civil Protection Mechanism (RescEU)

240 311 354

259 908 000

188 005 975

312 019 857

52 305 379

–52 111 857

27,8 %

–16,7 %

 

EU4Health

753 792 242

689 068 410

739 250 309

626 841 615

14 541 933

62 226 795

2,0 %

9,9 %

 

Instrument for emergency support within the Union (ESI)

p.m.

1 999 028

p.m.

5 878 000

 

–3 878 972

 

–66,0 %

 

Decentralised agencies

249 293 189

245 467 463

260 905 055

253 150 025

–11 611 866

–7 682 562

–4,5 %

–3,0 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

 

 

 

 

 

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

12 097 771

11 800 000

12 000 000

11 000 000

97 771

800 000

0,8 %

7,3 %

 

Cluster 07 - Investing in People, Social Cohesion and Values

5 141 343 650

4 874 410 280

4 988 738 472

4 506 492 628

152 605 178

367 917 652

3,1 %

8,2 %

 

Employment and Social Innovation

93 500 000

85 000 000

93 500 000

95 200 000

0

–10 200 000

0

–10,7 %

 

Erasmus+

3 796 131 530

3 522 138 893

3 668 525 437

3 291 597 196

127 606 093

230 541 697

3,5 %

7,0 %

 

European Solidarity Corps (ESC)

144 020 247

138 675 374

144 196 320

124 118 124

– 176 073

14 557 250

–0,1 %

11,7 %

 

Creative Europe

334 788 132

365 763 754

332 790 321

312 462 192

1 997 811

53 301 562

0,6 %

17,1 %

 

Justice

41 791 000

38 516 968

42 225 000

39 817 603

– 434 000

–1 300 635

–1,0 %

–3,3 %

 

Citizens, Equality, Rights and Values

219 462 993

225 564 096

215 282 092

156 569 755

4 180 901

68 994 341

1,9 %

44,1 %

 

Decentralised agencies and European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO)

294 845 169

286 083 169

271 478 848

266 290 848

23 366 321

19 792 321

8,6 %

7,4 %

 

Other actions

7 900 000

7 000 000

7 900 000

6 000 000

0

1 000 000

0

16,7 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

25 827 500

38 714 440

31 590 500

46 974 582

–5 763 000

–8 260 142

–18,2 %

–17,6 %

 

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

183 077 079

166 953 586

181 249 954

167 462 328

1 827 125

– 508 742

1,0 %

–0,3 %

3.

Natural Resources and Environment

57 338 630 839

54 151 402 941

57 218 143 225

56 747 545 265

120 487 614

–2 596 142 324

0,2 %

–4,6 %

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ceiling

57 449 000 000

 

57 295 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

110 369 161

 

76 856 775

 

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: Market related expenditure and direct payments

40 517 278 000

40 505 482 213

40 692 211 000

40 698 181 356

– 174 933 000

– 192 699 143

–0,4 %

–0,5 %

 

EAGF sub-ceiling

41 649 000 000

 

41 518 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rounding difference excluded for calculating the sub-margin

722 000

 

789 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net transfers between EAGF and EAFRD

–1 046 000 000

 

– 825 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net balance available for EAGF expenditure

40 602 278 000

 

40 692 211 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted EAGF sub-ceiling corrected by transfers between EAGF and EAFRD

40 603 000 000

 

40 693 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

EAGF sub-margin

85 722 000

 

789 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

EAGF sub-margin (excluding the rounding difference)

85 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 08 - Agriculture and Maritime Policy

54 943 979 402

53 455 283 942

54 877 501 540

56 148 976 403

66 477 862

–2 693 692 461

0,1 %

–4,8 %

 

European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF)

40 517 278 000

40 505 482 213

40 692 211 000

40 698 181 356

– 174 933 000

– 192 699 143

–0,4 %

–0,5 %

 

European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)

13 155 810 194

11 991 887 000

12 934 676 920

14 402 190 175

221 133 274

–2 410 303 175

1,7 %

–16,7 %

 

European Maritime, Fisheries and Aquaculture Fund (EMFAF)

1 069 715 576

780 643 502

1 102 824 579

888 605 509

–33 109 003

– 107 962 007

–3,0 %

–12,1 %

 

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPA) and Regional Fisheries Management Organisations (RFMO)

162 781 754

142 628 754

116 753 754

126 378 754

46 028 000

16 250 000

39,4 %

12,9 %

 

Decentralised agencies

29 853 878

29 853 878

29 535 287

29 535 287

318 591

318 591

1,1 %

1,1 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

8 540 000

4 788 595

1 500 000

4 085 322

7 040 000

703 273

469,3 %

17,2 %

 

Cluster 09 - Environment and Climate Action

2 394 651 437

696 118 999

2 340 641 685

598 568 862

54 009 752

97 550 137

2,3 %

16,3 %

 

Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)

764 949 659

571 375 575

758 424 884

525 592 771

6 524 775

45 782 804

0,9 %

8,7 %

 

Just Transition Fund

1 489 859 854

3 257 816

1 466 200 981

2 800 000

23 658 873

457 816

1,6 %

16,4 %

 

Public sector loan facility under the Just Transition Mechanism (JTM)

50 000 000

35 000 000

50 000 000

p.m.

 

35 000 000

 

 

 

Decentralised agencies

67 601 924

67 601 924

56 665 820

56 665 820

10 936 104

10 936 104

19,3 %

19,3 %

 

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

16 240 000

7 362 000

4 150 000

1 565 679

12 090 000

5 796 321

291,3 %

370,2 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

6 000 000

11 521 684

5 200 000

11 944 592

800 000

– 422 908

15,4 %

–3,5 %

4.

Migration and Border Management

3 892 705 671

3 248 967 443

3 727 311 518

2 779 380 252

165 394 153

469 587 191

4,4 %

16,9 %

Ceiling

4 020 000 000

 

3 814 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

127 294 329

 

86 688 482

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 10 - Migration

1 677 316 429

1 528 174 176

1 626 790 540

1 243 088 787

50 525 889

285 085 389

3,1 %

22,9 %

 

Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF)

1 508 215 253

1 359 073 000

1 454 621 253

1 070 919 500

53 594 000

288 153 500

3,7 %

26,9 %

 

Decentralised agencies

169 101 176

169 101 176

172 169 287

172 169 287

–3 068 111

–3 068 111

–1,8 %

–1,8 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 11 - Border Management

2 215 389 242

1 720 793 267

2 100 520 978

1 536 291 465

114 868 264

184 501 802

5,5 %

12,0 %

 

Integrated Border Management Fund (IBMF) - Instrument for border management and visa (BMVI)

1 023 132 303

523 607 000

956 798 303

396 992 752

66 334 000

126 614 248

6,9 %

31,9 %

 

Integrated Border Management Fund (IBMF) - Instrument for financial support for customs control equipment (CCEi)

143 773 000

156 731 000

140 953 000

71 779 570

2 820 000

84 951 430

2,0 %

118,4 %

 

Decentralised agencies

1 048 483 939

1 040 455 267

1 002 769 675

1 067 519 143

45 714 264

–27 063 876

4,6 %

–2,5 %

5.

Security and Defence

2 321 177 926

2 035 413 531

2 116 636 829

1 137 374 612

204 541 097

898 038 919

9,7 %

79,0 %

Ceiling

2 004 000 000

 

1 946 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

317 177 926

 

170 636 829

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 12 - Security

732 811 177

734 358 335

688 722 828

559 037 952

44 088 349

175 320 383

6,4 %

31,4 %

 

Internal Security Fund (ISF)

321 885 754

237 580 000

309 857 754

195 470 000

12 028 000

42 110 000

3,9 %

21,5 %

 

Nuclear decommissioning (Lithuania)

74 600 000

151 940 000

68 800 000

60 000 000

5 800 000

91 940 000

8,4 %

153,2 %

 

Nuclear Safety and decommissioning (incl. For Bulgaria and Slovakia)

62 324 124

71 764 000

57 239 458

53 156 000

5 084 666

18 608 000

8,9 %

35,0 %

 

Decentralised agencies

251 139 541

251 139 541

230 411 952

230 411 952

20 727 589

20 727 589

9,0 %

9,0 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

p.m.

1 200 000

p.m.

800 000

 

400 000

 

50,0 %

 

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

22 861 758

20 734 794

22 413 664

19 200 000

448 094

1 534 794

2,0 %

8,0 %

 

Cluster 13 - Defence

1 588 366 749

1 301 055 196

1 427 914 001

578 336 660

160 452 748

722 718 536

11,2 %

125,0 %

 

European Defence Fund (Research)

218 204 072

210 847 700

319 253 621

164 146 640

– 101 049 549

46 701 060

–31,7 %

28,5 %

 

European Defence Fund (Non Research)

419 823 000

539 500 000

626 447 000

250 100 000

– 206 624 000

289 400 000

–33,0 %

115,7 %

 

Military Mobility

251 367 376

261 726 496

295 185 681

131 715 020

–43 818 305

130 011 476

–14,8 %

98,7 %

 

Union Secure Connectivity

96 000 000

110 000 000

30 000 000

30 000 000

66 000 000

80 000 000

220,0 %

266,7 %

 

Short-term Defence instrument on common procurement

259 972 301

100 000 000

0

0

259 972 301

100 000 000

0

0

 

Defence Industrial Reinforcement Instrument

343 000 000

78 500 000

157 027 699

1 000 000

185 972 301

77 500 000

118,4 %

7 750,0 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

p.m.

481 000

p.m.

1 375 000

 

– 894 000

 

–65,0 %

6.

Neighbourhood and the World

16 230 000 000

15 291 157 313

17 211 879 478

13 994 937 845

– 981 879 478

1 296 219 468

–5,7 %

9,3 %

of which under Flexibility Instruments

28 828 204

 

882 879 478

 

 

 

 

 

Ceiling

15 830 000 000

 

16 329 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

371 171 796

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 14 - External Action

14 113 539 967

13 316 536 039

14 680 808 005

11 404 310 319

– 567 268 038

1 912 225 720

–3,9 %

16,8 %

 

Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument — Global Europe

11 523 889 314

10 763 801 966

12 250 770 313

8 943 716 018

– 726 880 999

1 820 085 948

–5,9 %

20,4 %

 

European Instrument for International Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC)

41 760 000

27 068 969

39 930 000

32 103 655

1 830 000

–5 034 686

4,6 %

–15,7 %

 

Humanitarian aid (HUMA)

1 910 704 480

1 897 373 786

1 776 863 917

1 834 235 450

133 840 563

63 138 336

7,5 %

3,4 %

 

Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)

384 663 881

384 663 881

371 816 857

380 600 000

12 847 024

4 063 881

3,5 %

1,1 %

 

Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT)

71 429 001

71 642 133

70 028 000

59 274 188

1 401 001

1 401 001

2,0 %

2,0 %

 

Ukraine Macro-financial Assistance Plus (MFA+)

5 000 000

5 000 000

0

0

5 000 000

5 000 000

0

0

 

Other actions

81 346 602

81 346 602

78 429 424

61 598 845

2 917 178

19 747 757

3,7 %

32,1 %

 

Pilot projects and preparatory actions

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

p.m.

 

 

 

 

 

Actions financed under the prerogatives of the Commission and specific competences conferred to the Commission

94 746 689

85 638 702

92 969 494

92 782 163

1 777 195

–7 143 461

1,9 %

–7,7 %

 

Cluster 15 - Pre-accession Assistance

2 116 460 033

1 974 621 274

2 531 071 473

2 590 627 526

– 414 611 440

– 616 006 252

–16,4 %

–23,8 %

 

Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA III)

2 116 460 033

1 974 621 274

2 531 071 473

2 590 627 526

– 414 611 440

– 616 006 252

–16,4 %

–23,8 %

7.

European Public Administration

11 988 000 603

11 988 000 603

11 345 719 501

11 345 719 501

642 281 102

642 281 102

5,7 %

5,7 %

Ceiling

11 773 000 000

 

11 419 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

215 000 603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

73 280 499

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which: Administrative expenditure of the institutions

9 175 375 841

9 175 375 841

8 720 412 899

8 720 412 899

454 962 942

454 962 942

5,2 %

5,2 %

 

Sub-Ceiling

9 006 000 000

 

8 772 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Flexibility Instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

169 375 841

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

 

 

51 587 101

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pensions

2 565 464 000

2 565 464 000

2 391 095 000

2 391 095 000

174 369 000

174 369 000

7,3 %

7,3 %

 

Staff Pensions

2 515 034 000

2 515 034 000

2 344 846 000

2 344 846 000

170 188 000

170 188 000

7,3 %

7,3 %

 

Pensions of former Members — Institutions

50 430 000

50 430 000

46 249 000

46 249 000

4 181 000

4 181 000

9,0 %

9,0 %

 

European Schools

247 160 762

247 160 762

234 211 602

234 211 602

12 949 160

12 949 160

5,5 %

5,5 %

 

European Parliament

837 738

837 738

795 000

795 000

42 738

42 738

5,4 %

5,4 %

 

Commission

246 057 330

246 057 330

233 168 126

233 168 126

12 889 204

12 889 204

5,5 %

5,5 %

 

Court of Justice of the European Union

55 000

55 000

48 000

48 000

7 000

7 000

14,6 %

14,6 %

 

European Ombudsman

175 694

175 694

167 676

167 676

8 018

8 018

4,8 %

4,8 %

 

European External Action Service

35 000

35 000

32 800

32 800

2 200

2 200

6,7 %

6,7 %

 

Administrative expenditure of the institutions

9 175 375 841

9 175 375 841

8 720 412 899

8 720 412 899

454 962 942

454 962 942

5,2 %

5,2 %

 

European Parliament

2 382 263 574

2 382 263 574

2 246 339 550

2 246 339 550

135 924 024

135 924 024

6,1 %

6,1 %

 

European Council and Council

676 881 123

676 881 123

647 908 757

647 908 757

28 972 366

28 972 366

4,5 %

4,5 %

 

Commission

4 221 841 225

4 221 841 225

4 032 059 702

4 032 059 702

189 781 523

189 781 523

4,7 %

4,7 %

 

Court of Justice of the European Union

503 782 531

503 782 531

485 977 796

485 977 796

17 804 735

17 804 735

3,7 %

3,7 %

 

European Court of Auditors

185 655 890

185 655 890

175 059 922

175 059 922

10 595 968

10 595 968

6,1 %

6,1 %

 

European Economic and Social Committee

164 945 524

164 945 524

158 767 970

158 767 970

6 177 554

6 177 554

3,9 %

3,9 %

 

European Committee of the Regions

121 878 345

121 878 345

116 675 392

116 675 392

5 202 953

5 202 953

4,5 %

4,5 %

 

European Ombudsman

13 667 466

13 667 466

13 044 771

13 044 771

622 695

622 695

4,8 %

4,8 %

 

European Data Protection Supervisor

24 329 460

24 329 460

22 711 559

22 711 559

1 617 901

1 617 901

7,1 %

7,1 %

 

European External Action Service

880 130 703

880 130 703

821 867 480

821 867 480

58 263 223

58 263 223

7,1 %

7,1 %

Appropriations for headings

187 824 578 975

141 258 905 038

183 621 451 203

162 523 180 773

4 203 127 772

–21 264 275 735

2,3 %

–13,1 %

 

Ceiling

185 963 000 000

170 543 000 000

182 667 000 000

168 575 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

Of which under Flexibility Instrument

1 635 501 463

1 734 392 297

1 235 736 380

948 114 733

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (a))

586 172 399

 

280 000 000

 

 

 

 

 

of which under Single Margin Instrument (Article 11(1) point (c))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Margin

360 094 887

31 018 487 259

561 285 177

6 999 933 960

 

 

 

 

Appropriations as % of GNI

1,06 %

0,80 %

1,08 %

0,96 %

 

 

 

 

 

Thematic special instruments

1 560 861 211

1 371 395 001

2 855 153 029

2 679 794 000

–1 294 291 818

–1 308 398 999

–45,3 %

–48,8 %

 

Solidarity and Emergency Aid Reserve (SEAR)

1 351 395 001

1 351 395 001

1 324 897 000

1 324 897 000

26 498 001

26 498 001

2,0 %

2,0 %

 

European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF)

209 466 210

20 000 000

205 359 029

30 000 000

4 107 181

–10 000 000

2,0 %

–33,3 %

 

Brexit Adjustment Reserve (BAR)

p.m.

p.m.

1 324 897 000

1 324 897 000

–1 324 897 000

–1 324 897 000

– 100,0 %

– 100,0 %

Total appropriations

189 385 440 186

142 630 300 039

186 476 604 232

165 202 974 773

2 908 835 954

–22 572 674 734

1,6 %

–13,7 %

Appropriations as % of GNI

1,07 %

0,80 %

1,10 %

0,97 %

 

 

 

 

(1) Budget 2023 includes amending budgets 1/2023 to 4/2023.

(Commitment appropriations (CA) and payment appropriations (PA) in EUR at current prices)

OVERVIEW TABLE OF ESTABLISHMENT PLANS OF UNION INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES

Institution

Budget 2024

Budget 2023  (2)

Permanent posts

Temporary posts

Total

Permanent posts

Temporary posts

Total

European Parliament

5 551

1 372

6 923

5 558

1 365

6 923

European Council and Council

2 993

36

3 029

2 994

35

3 029

Commission

22 986

391

23 377

23 011

404

23 415

Administration

18 392

365

18 757

18 382

375

18 757

Research and innovation – Joint Research Centre

1 660

 

1 660

1 683

 

1 683

Research and innovation – Indirect action

1 366

6

1 372

1 368

5

1 373

Publications Office

576

5

581

576

5

581

European Personnel Selection Office

108

1

109

108

1

109

Office for Administration and Payment of Individual Entitlements

163

 

163

163

 

163

Office for Infrastructure and Logistics — Brussels

303

1

304

315

1

316

Office for Infrastructure and Logistics — Luxembourg

115

 

115

117

 

117

European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF)

303

13

316

299

17

316

Court of Justice of the European Union

1 548

566

2 114

1 549

565

2 114

European Court of Auditors

687

195

882

687

195

882

European Economic and Social Committee

624

46

670

628

43

671

European Committee of the Regions

437

59

496

437

59

496

European Ombudsman

44

31

75

43

32

75

European Data Protection Supervisor

89

 

89

89

 

89

European External Action Service

1 752

 

1 752

1 752

1

1 753

Total

36 711

2 696

39 407

36 748

2 699

39 447


Bodies set up by the Union and having legal personality

Budget 2024

Budget 2023  (3)

Permanent posts

Temporary posts

Total

Permanent posts

Temporary posts

Total

Decentralised agencies

86

8 285

8 371

87

7 873

7 960

European joint undertakings

43

272

315

45

270

315

European Institute of Innovation and Technology

 

45

45

 

45

45

Executive agencies

 

890

890

 

876

876

Total

129

9 492

9 621

132

9 064

9 196

OVERVIEW TABLE OF BUILDINGS BY UNION INSTITUTION

Institutions

Buildings rented  (4)

Buildings owned  (5)

Appropriations 2024

Appropriations 2023

Section I

European Parliament

34 357 000

19 170 000

1 199 057 273

Section II

European Council and Council

444 000

444 000

389 271 490

Section III

Commission:

334 426 425

333 778 671

1 275 638 130,24

 

headquarters (Brussels and Luxembourg)

247 391 000

248 246 000

1 042 618 147,45

 

research contribution to headquarters

21 130 880

21 076 398

 

offices in the Union

11 552 000

10 195 000

27 293 329,95

 

health and food audits and analysis offices in Grange

85 000

85 000

7 517 135,43

 

Union delegations (6)

25 742 000

21 826 500

 

Joint Research Centre

1 691 545

1 443 373

198 209 517,41

 

Publications Office of the European Union

8 006 000

12 942 400

 

European Anti-Fraud Office

5 832 000

5 696 000

 

European Personnel Selection Office

1 660 000

1 402 000

 

Office for Administration and Payment of Individual Entitlements

2 660 000

2 378 000

 

Office for Infrastructure and Logistics, Brussels

6 056 000

6 336 000

 

Office for Infrastructure and Logistics, Luxembourg

2 620 000

2 152 000

Section IV

Court of Justice of the European Union

32 069 000

32 227 000

343 439 692,46  (7)

Section V

European Court of Auditors

145 000

145 000

52 746 006,93

Section VI

European Economic and Social Committee

15 634 345

15 270 849

73 518 764,84

Section VII

European Committee of the Regions

12 415 864

11 313 513

45 852 476,63

Section VIII

European Ombudsman

1 608 740

1 429 000

Section IX

European Data Protection Supervisor

2 644 000

2 300 000

1 707 818,32

Section X

European External Action Service:

152 631 540

126 701 100

351 444 891,30

 

headquarters (Brussels)

31 263 200

30 425 100

 

 

Union delegations

121 368 340

96 276 000

 

 

Total

586 375 914

542 779 133

3 679 930 536,79


Institution

Location

Year of purchase

Net booked value  (8)

Subtotal

Total

European Parliament

Brussels

 

 

532 961 468

 

Paul-Henri Spaak

1993

65 941 654

 

 

Altiero Spinelli

1995

11 160 507

 

 

Willy Brandt

2007

40 846 753

 

 

József Antall

2008

63 398 165

 

 

Stefan Zweig

1999

35 716 692

 

 

Arendt

2006

18 035 968

 

 

Trèves 1

2011

20 362 263

 

 

Maison de l'Histoire européenne

2008

33 329 632

 

 

Wayenberg

2003

13 264 727

 

 

Remard

2010

13 794 167

 

 

Wiertz

2021

70 772 800

 

 

Montoyer 70

2012

13 466 581

 

 

Wilfried Martens

2016

132 871 560

 

 

Strasbourg

 

 

145 392 787

 

Louise Weiss

1998

52 713 562

 

 

Winston Churchill

2006

22 962 122

 

 

Salvador de Madariaga

2006

51 618 341

 

 

Pierre Pflimlin

2006

227 285

 

 

Václav Havel

2012

17 871 477

 

 

Luxembourg

 

 

484 044 416

 

Konrad Adenauer

2003

484 044 416

 

 

Bazoches

 

 

8 398 474

 

Jean Monnet House

1982

8 398 474

 

 

Offices in the Union

 

 

21 631 382

 

Lisbon

1986

43 785

 

 

Athens

1991

1 169 846

 

 

Copenhagen

2005

1 710 965

 

 

The Hague

2006

2 915 470

 

 

Valletta

2006

1 452 619

 

 

Nicosia

2006

1 838 694

 

 

Vienna

2008

7 387 184

 

 

Budapest

2010

2 520 219

 

 

Sofia

2013

2 592 600

 

 

Offices outside the Union

 

 

6 628 745

 

London

2008

6 628 745

 

European Council and Council

Brussels

 

 

389 271 490

 

Land

 

73 297 651

 

 

Justus Lipsius

1995

13 795 605

 

 

Crèche

2006

4 910 146

 

 

Lex

2007

72 851 137

 

 

Europa

2016

224 416 951

 

Commission

Brussels

 

 

866 791 144,82

 

Overijse

1997

568 652,00

 

 

Overijse

2015

5 377 512,70

 

 

Loi 130

1987

51 696 277,69

 

 

Breydel

1989

7 298 833,00

 

 

Clovis

1995

4 012 006,00

 

 

Cours Saint-Michel 1

1997

10 201 979,55

 

 

Belliard 232 (9)

1997

10 618 905,64

 

 

Demot 24 (9)

1997

19 880 828,68

 

 

Breydel II

1997

19 662 765,49

 

 

Beaulieu 29/31/33

1998

16 018 079,72

 

 

Charlemagne

1997

54 001 992,94

 

 

Demot 28 (9)

1999

16 115 733,47

 

 

Joseph II 99 (9)

1998

11 258 208,55

 

 

Loi 86

1998

24 344 469,27

 

 

Luxembourg 46 (10)

1999

23 280 079,16

 

 

Montoyer 59 (9)

1998

10 611 964,92

 

 

Froissart 101 (9)

2000

12 528 739,88

 

 

VM 18 (9)

2000

9 749 701,68

 

 

Joseph II 70 (9)

2000

23 571 106,23

 

 

Loi 41 (9)

2000

36 949 185,92

 

 

SC 11 (9)

2000

13 650 068,67

 

 

Joseph II 30 (11)

2000

17 971 339,81

 

 

Joseph II 54 (9)

2001

21 510 294,24

 

 

Joseph II 79 (9)

2002

22 432 830,56

 

 

VM2 (9)

2001

21 880 569,28

 

 

Palmerston

2002

4 024 689,34

 

 

SPA 3 (9)

2003

16 827 733,34

 

 

Berlaymont (9)

2004

202 514 752,05

 

 

CCAB (9)

2005

32 754 023,88

 

 

BU-25

2006

33 712 182,87

 

 

Cornet-Leman

2006

13 816 228,28

 

 

Madou

2006

71 522 048,10

 

 

WALI

2009

12 739 132,68

 

 

NOHE

2017

13 688 229,23

 

 

Luxembourg

 

 

175 827 002,63

 

Euroforum (9)

2004

45 611 737,41

 

 

Foyer européen

2009

7 058 347,09

 

 

CPE V

2012

16 059 355,59

 

 

Jean Monnet 2

2018

107 097 562,54

 

 

Offices in the Union

 

 

27 293 329,95

 

Lisbon

1986

 

 

 

1993

 

 

Marseille

1991

 

 

 

1993

 

 

Milan

1986

 

 

Copenhagen

2005

1 877 384,30

 

 

Valletta

2007

1 561 114,28

 

 

Nicosia (Byron)

2006

1 919 962,61

 

 

The Hague

2006

2 888 104,66

 

 

London (12)

2010

 

 

Budapest

2010

3 648 784,10

 

 

Sofia

2021

4 046 580,00

 

 

Vienna

2021

11 351 400,00

 

 

Joint Research Centre

 

 

198 209 517,41

 

Ispra

 

88 751 635,45

 

 

Geel

 

26 806 876,86

 

 

Karlsruhe

 

75 802 897,35

 

 

Petten

 

6 848 107,75

 

 

Health and food audits and analysis offices in Grange

 

 

7 517 135,43

 

Grange (Ireland) (13)

2002

7 517 135,43

 

Court of Justice of the European Union

Luxembourg

 

 

343 439 692,46

 

Annex ‘A’ — Erasmus, Annex ‘B’ — Thomas More and Annex ‘C’ — Themis

2013

43 444 638,54

 

 

New Palais buildings complex (renovated original Palais, Anneau, two towers and connecting gallery)

2008

163 349 643,67

 

 

Third Tower — Rocca

2019

117 614 481,48

 

 

Upgrade of the security system

2022

19 030 928,78

 

Court of Auditors

Luxembourg

 

 

52 746 006,93

 

Land

1990

760 443,00

 

 

Luxembourg (K1)

1990

2 244 027,74

 

 

Luxembourg (K2)

2004

12 169 376,22

 

 

Luxembourg (K3)

2009

37 572 159,97

 

European Economic and Social Committee (9)

Brussels

 

 

73 518 764,84

 

Montoyer 92-102

2001

18 578 323,39

 

 

Belliard 99-101

2001

43 862 665,17

 

 

Belliard 68-72

2004

0

 

 

Trèves 74

2005

0

 

 

Belliard 93

2005

3 037 409,13

 

 

VMA 2

2001

8 040 367,15

 

Committee of the Regions

Brussels

 

 

45 852 476,63

 

Montoyer 92-102

2001

9 150 517,49

 

 

Belliard 99-101

2001

21 603 999,28

 

 

VM2 (9)

2022 (14)

12 060 550,73

 

 

Belliard 93

2005

3 037 409,13

 

External Action Service

External Action Service

 

 

351 444 891,30

 

Brussels Headquarters (15)

2012

145 681 300,72

 

 

Union delegations, of which:

 

205 763 590,58

 

 

Albania (Tirana)

2015

1 184 323,20

 

 

Argentina (Buenos Aires)

1992

227 531,75

 

 

 

2021

7 637 899,82

 

 

Australia (Canberra)

1983

 

 

 

1990

 

 

Barbados (Bridgetown)

2022

2 636 901,20

 

 

Benin (Cotonou)

1992

87 735,62

 

 

Botswana (Gaborone)

1982

50 866,95

 

 

 

1985

14 594,35

 

 

 

1986

5 912,85

 

 

 

1987

12 572,25

 

 

Brazil (Brasilia)

1994

134 375,83

 

 

Burkina Faso (Ouagadougou)

1984

19 248,47

 

 

 

1997

40 484,00

 

 

Burundi (Bujumbura)

1982

36 584,40

 

 

 

1986

111 426,72

 

 

Cabo Verde (Praia)

1981

14 091,34

 

 

 

2015

908 097,72

 

 

Cambodia (Phnom Penh)

2005

299 143,97

 

 

Canada (Ottawa)

1977

64 132,79

 

 

Central African Republic (Bangui)

1983

65 707,89

 

 

Chad (Ndjamena)

1991

11 965,76

 

 

China (Beijing)

1995

950 569,34

 

 

Colombia (Bogota)

2018

4 457 959,53

 

 

Congo Republic (Brazzaville)

1994

50 832,11

 

 

Costa Rica (San José)

1991

132 602,56

 

 

Ecuador (Quito)

2019

2 011 330,55

 

 

Eswatini (Mbabane)

1900

40 491,00

 

 

Gabon (Libreville)

1900

 

 

 

1996

87 232,66

 

 

Gambia (Banjul)

1989

22 778,48

 

 

Guinea-Bissau (Bissau)

1995

100 086,95

 

 

Haiti (Port-Au-Prince)

2012

1 399 504,20

 

 

 

2014

3 627 568,73

 

 

Ivory Coast (Abidjan)

1993

71 032,66

 

 

Japan (Tokyo)

2006

34 008 178,59

 

 

 

2011

28 625 964,73

 

 

Kenya (Nairobi)

2005

328 031,55

 

 

Lesotho (Maseru)

1985

30 467,06

 

 

 

1985

 

 

 

1990

33 605,58

 

 

 

1991

138 135,41

 

 

 

2006

112 180,29

 

 

Madagascar (Antananarivo)

1993

 

 

Malawi (Lilongwe)

1982

42 053,03

 

 

 

1988

 

 

 

1988

12 969,50

 

 

Mauritius (Port Louis)

1988

18 232,81

 

 

Mexico (Mexico)

1995

534 355,71

 

 

Morocco (Rabat)

1987

62 541,23

 

 

Mozambique (Maputo)

2008

667 433,83

 

 

 

2008

1 613 706,72

 

 

Namibia (Windhoek)

1992

21 990,89

 

 

 

1992

25 380,83

 

 

 

1992

40 462,24

 

 

 

1993

54 000,00

 

 

Nepal (Kathmandu)

2017

4 480 000,00

 

 

 

2017

407 333,33

 

 

New Zealand (Wellington)

2017

1 072 908,41

 

 

 

2017

605 023,53

 

 

Niger (Niamey)

1997

28 891,35

 

 

Nigeria (Abuja)

1992

172 211,40

 

 

 

2005

1 650 614,97

 

 

 

2012

2 438 020,83

 

 

OECD/UNESCO (Paris)

1990

1 236 105,57

 

 

 

1991

 

 

Papua New Guinea (Port Moresby)

1982

48 274,53

 

 

Rwanda (Kigali)

1980

112 548,18

 

 

 

1982

71 627,45

 

 

Senegal (Dakar)

1900

 

 

 

2014

325 145,55

 

 

Solomon (Honiara)

1990

16 968,28

 

 

Somalia (Mogadishu)

2018

5 845 571,94

 

 

South Africa (Pretoria)

1994

116 306,83

 

 

 

1994

92 468,94

 

 

 

1996

181 762,83

 

 

 

2019

2 631 924,94

 

 

Tanzania (Dar Es Salaam)

2002

867 681,08

 

 

Uganda (Kampala)

1986

28 096,41

 

 

 

1986

 

 

 

1996

30 549,95

 

 

UN/NY (New York)

1987

253 001,13

 

 

United Kingdom (London)

2010

9 748 248,31

 

 

USA (Washington)

1997

367 320,30

 

 

 

2019

79 857 308,94

 

 

Zambia (Lusaka)

1982

43 366,60

 

 

Zimbabwe (Harare)

1990

73 859,06

 

 

 

 

75 174,27

 

GENERAL REVENUE

A.   FINANCING OF THE UNION’S ANNUAL BUDGET

Introduction

According to the equilibrium principle, the total budgeted revenue of the Union must equal the total budgeted expenditure of the Union. When determining Member States’ own resources contributions, the starting point is the total amount of authorised expenditure (payment appropriations). A minor part of that amount is covered by other revenue (taxes levied on the salaries of Union staff, interest on late payments, fines and contributions from third countries to certain programmes, etc.). The remainder is financed by Member States’ own resources contributions.

Own resources can be divided into the following categories:

traditional own resources, mainly customs duties, collected on behalf of the Union by the Member States;

the own resource based on value added tax (VAT): a small proportion of the VAT collected by each Member State;

the own resource based on plastic packaging waste that is not recycled: a small amount applied to the weight of non-recycled plastic packaging waste generated in each Member State;

the own resource based on gross national income (GNI), which is a proportion of Member States’ GNI aggregate. It serves as the balancing resource. It finances all spending not covered by other sources of revenue so that budgeted revenue and expenditure are always in balance.

The key for determining the own resources is Council Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 (16). That Decision entered into force on 1 June 2021, with retroactive effect as from 1 January 2021, after the ratification by all Member States according to their national constitutional requirements. It defines a new system of own resources, which includes the introduction of a new category of own resources.

Budgetary revenue totals EUR 142 630 300 039. The uniform rate of call for the VAT-based own resource is 0,30 % whilst that for the GNI resource is 0,4579 %. Traditional own resources account for 17,26 % of the financing of the 2024 budget. The VAT-based own resource accounts for 16,56 %, the plastic-based own resource accounts for 4,97 % and the GNI-based own resource for 56,91 %. Other revenue for the financial year 2024 is estimated at EUR 6 131 117 988.

Own resources needed to finance the 2024 budget account for 0,77 % of the total GNI of the Union.

The total amount of own resources allocated to the Union to cover annual appropriations for payments shall not exceed 1,40 % of the sum of all the Member States’ GNIs (own resources ceiling). This ceiling is temporarily increased by 0,6 percentage points for the sole purpose of covering all liabilities of the Union arising from the allocation of the resources necessary for addressing the consequences of the COVID-19 crisis.

The appropriations to be covered by the own resources referred to in Article 2 of Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 include the costs associated with the funds borrowed on the capital markets and on behalf of the Union in the framework of the European Union Recovery Instrument (17).

The tables below set out step-by-step the method used to calculate the financing of the 2024 budget.

Calculation of the financing of the budget

Allocation of resources of the Union in order to ensure, pursuant to Article 311 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the financing of the Union’s annual budget

Revenue description

Budget 2024

Budget 2023 (18)

Change (%)

Miscellaneous revenue (Titles 3 to 6)

6 131 117 988

11 643 369 035

–47,34

Surplus available from the preceding financial year (Chapter 2 0, Article 2 0 0)

p.m.

2 519 010 950

Balances and adjustments (Chapters 2 1, 2 2, 2 3 and 2 4)

p.m.

p.m.

Total revenue for Titles 2 to 6

6 131 117 988

14 162 379 985

–56,71

Net amount of customs duties and sugar levies (Chapters 1 1 and 1 2)

24 620 400 000

23 730 100 000

+3,75

VAT-based own resource at the uniform rate (Tables 1 and 2, Chapter 1 3)

23 616 137 250

22 458 526 500

+5,15

Plastic packaging waste own resource (Table 3, Chapter 1 7)

7 093 555 280

7 201 885 360

–1,50

Remainder to be financed by the additional resource (GNI-based own resource, Table 4, Chapter 1 4)

81 169 089 521

97 650 082 928

–16,88

Appropriations to be covered by the own resources referred to in Article 2 of Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 (19), (20)

136 499 182 051

151 040 594 788

–9,63

Total revenue (21)

142 630 300 039

165 202 974 773

–13,66


TABLE 1

Calculation of capping of value added tax (VAT) bases pursuant to Article 2(1) point (b) of Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053

Member State

1 % of non-capped VAT base

1 % of gross national income

Capping rate (in %)

1 % of gross national income multiplied by capping rate

1 % of capped VAT base (22)

Member States whose VAT base is capped

 

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

Belgium

2 458 073 000

6 053 077 000

50

3 026 538 500

2 458 073 000

 

Bulgaria

485 944 000

986 492 000

50

493 246 000

485 944 000

 

Czechia

1 381 193 000

3 303 904 000

50

1 651 952 000

1 381 193 000

 

Denmark

1 644 830 000

4 024 834 000

50

2 012 417 000

1 644 830 000

 

Germany

18 671 727 000

44 177 819 000

50

22 088 909 500

18 671 727 000

 

Estonia

198 069 000

411 271 000

50

205 635 500

198 069 000

 

Ireland

1 311 262 000

4 306 468 000

50

2 153 234 000

1 311 262 000

 

Greece

956 124 000

2 337 353 000

50

1 168 676 500

956 124 000

 

Spain

7 177 495 000

14 907 594 000

50

7 453 797 000

7 177 495 000

 

France

14 424 761 000

30 027 033 000

50

15 013 516 500

14 424 761 000

 

Croatia

455 555 000

775 338 000

50

387 669 000

387 669 000

Croatia

Italy

9 414 014 000

21 373 179 000

50

10 686 589 500

9 414 014 000

 

Cyprus

202 758 000

282 122 000

50

141 061 000

141 061 000

Cyprus

Latvia

210 650 000

450 918 000

50

225 459 000

210 650 000

 

Lithuania

340 270 000

764 050 000

50

382 025 000

340 270 000

 

Luxembourg

439 386 000

583 760 000

50

291 880 000

291 880 000

Luxembourg

Hungary

943 801 000

2 122 059 000

50

1 061 029 500

943 801 000

 

Malta

102 827 000

179 697 000

50

89 848 500

89 848 500

Malta

Netherlands

4 872 698 000

10 430 238 000

50

5 215 119 000

4 872 698 000

 

Austria

2 373 455 000

5 082 933 000

50

2 541 466 500

2 373 455 000

 

Poland

4 023 815 000

7 884 404 000

50

3 942 202 000

3 942 202 000

Poland

Portugal

1 301 810 000

2 651 464 000

50

1 325 732 000

1 301 810 000

 

Romania

1 253 684 000

3 485 670 000

50

1 742 835 000

1 253 684 000

 

Slovenia

332 589 000

676 624 000

50

338 312 000

332 589 000

 

Slovakia

571 831 000

1 279 109 000

50

639 554 500

571 831 000

 

Finland

1 117 920 000

2 886 018 000

50

1 443 009 000

1 117 920 000

 

Sweden

2 425 597 000

5 831 366 000

50

2 915 683 000

2 425 597 000

 

Total

79 092 138 000

177 274 794 000

 

88 637 397 000

78 720 457 500

 


TABLE 2

Breakdown of own resource accruing from VAT pursuant to Article 2(1) point (b) of Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 (Chapter 1 3)

Member State

1 % of capped VAT base

Uniform rate of VAT-based own resource (in %)

VAT-based own resource at uniform rate

 

(1)

(2)

(3) = (1) × (2)

Belgium

2 458 073 000

0,30

737 421 900

Bulgaria

485 944 000

0,30

145 783 200

Czechia

1 381 193 000

0,30

414 357 900

Denmark

1 644 830 000

0,30

493 449 000

Germany

18 671 727 000

0,30

5 601 518 100

Estonia

198 069 000

0,30

59 420 700

Ireland

1 311 262 000

0,30

393 378 600

Greece

956 124 000

0,30

286 837 200

Spain

7 177 495 000

0,30

2 153 248 500

France

14 424 761 000

0,30

4 327 428 300

Croatia

387 669 000

0,30

116 300 700

Italy

9 414 014 000

0,30

2 824 204 200

Cyprus

141 061 000

0,30

42 318 300

Latvia

210 650 000

0,30

63 195 000

Lithuania

340 270 000

0,30

102 081 000

Luxembourg

291 880 000

0,30

87 564 000

Hungary

943 801 000

0,30

283 140 300

Malta

89 848 500

0,30

26 954 550

Netherlands

4 872 698 000

0,30

1 461 809 400

Austria

2 373 455 000

0,30

712 036 500

Poland

3 942 202 000

0,30

1 182 660 600

Portugal

1 301 810 000

0,30

390 543 000

Romania

1 253 684 000

0,30

376 105 200

Slovenia

332 589 000

0,30

99 776 700

Slovakia

571 831 000

0,30

171 549 300

Finland

1 117 920 000

0,30

335 376 000

Sweden

2 425 597 000

0,30

727 679 100

Total

78 720 457 500

 

23 616 137 250


TABLE 3

Breakdown of own resource accruing from plastic packaging waste pursuant to Article 2(1) point (c) of Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 (Chapter 1 7)

Member State

Plastic packaging waste that is not recycled (kg)

Call rate per kg in EUR

Gross contribution

Lump-sum reduction

Net contribution

 

(1)

(2)

(3) = (1) × (2)

(4)

(5) = (3) – (4)

Belgium

210 481 600

 

168 385 280

 

168 385 280

Bulgaria

78 333 100

 

62 666 480

22 000 000

40 666 480

Czechia

151 911 000

 

121 528 800

32 187 600

89 341 200

Denmark

174 315 600