22.12.2004   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 374/64


COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2004/115/EC

of 15 December 2004

amending Council Directive 90/642/EEC as regards the maximum levels for certain pesticide residues fixed therein

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Council Directive 90/642/EEC of 27 November 1990 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on certain products of plant origin including fruit and vegetables (1), and in particular Article 7 thereof,

Having regard to Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market (2), and in particular Article 4(1)(f) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

In accordance with Directive 91/414/EEC, authorisations of plant protection products for use on specific crops are the responsibility of the Member States. Such authorisations are required to be based on the evaluation of effects on human and animal health and influence on the environment. Elements to be taken into account in such evaluations include operator and bystander exposure and impact on the terrestrial, aquatic and aerial environments, as well as impact on humans and animals through consumption of residues on treated crops.

(2)

Maximum residue levels (MRLs) reflect the use of minimum quantities of pesticides to achieve effective protection of plants, applied in such a manner that the amount of residue is the smallest practicable and is toxicologically acceptable, in particular in terms of estimated dietary intake.

(3)

MRLs are fixed at the lower limit of analytical determination where authorised uses of plant protection products do not result in detectable levels of pesticide residue in or on the food product, or where there are no authorised uses, or where uses which have been authorised by Member States have not been supported by the necessary data, or where uses in third countries resulting in residues in or on food products which may enter into circulation in the Community market have not been supported with such necessary data.

(4)

MRLs for pesticides should be kept under review. They may be changed to take account of new uses, new information and data.

(5)

Information on new or changed uses of certain pesticides covered by Directive 90/642/EEC have been notified to the Commission.

(6)

The lifetime exposure of consumers to these pesticides via food products that may contain residues of these pesticides, has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices used within the Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation (3). It has been calculated that the MRLs concerned will ensure that the acceptable daily intakes are not exceeded.

(7)

Where appropriate, the acute exposure of consumers to these pesticides via each of the food products that may contain residues of these pesticides has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices currently used within the European Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation. The opinions of the Scientific Committee for Plants, in particular advice and recommendations concerning the protection of consumers of food products treated with pesticides, have been taken into account.

(8)

Therefore it is appropriate to fix new maximum levels for residues of those pesticides.

(9)

Directive 90/642/EEC should therefore be amended accordingly.

(10)

The setting or modification at Community level of provisional MRLs does not prevent the Member States from establishing provisional MRLs for the substances concerned in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC and Annex VI thereto. It is considered that a period of four years is sufficient to permit further uses of the active substance concerned. The provisional MRL should then become definitive.

(11)

The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

The maximum pesticide residue levels for methomyl, thiodicarb, myclobutanil, maneb group, fenpropimorph, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-m, penconazole, iprovalicarb, azoxystrobin and fenhexamid in Annex II to Directive 90/642/EEC are replaced by those in the Annex to this Directive.

Article 2

1.   Member States shall adopt and publish, by 22 June 2005 at the latest, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions and a correlation table between those provisions and this Directive.

They shall apply these provisions from 23 June 2005.

When Member States adopt those provisions, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.

2.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 3

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 4

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 15 December 2004.

For the Commission

Markos KYPRIANOU

Member of the Commission


(1)  OJ L 350, 14.12.1990, p. 71. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2004/95/EC (OJ L 301, 28.9.2004, p. 42).

(2)  OJ L 230, 19.8.1991, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2004/99/EC (OJ L 309, 6.10.2004, p. 6).

(3)  Guidelines for predicting dietary intake of pesticide residues (revised), prepared by the GEMS/Food Programme in collaboration with the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues, published by the World Health Organisation 1997 (WHO/FSF/FOS/97.7).


ANNEX

Pesticide residues and maximum residue levels (mg/kg)

Groups and examples of individual products to which the MRLs apply

Methomyl/ Thiodicarb

(sum expressed as methomyl)

Myclobutanil

Maneb, mancozeb, metiram, propineb, zineb

(sum expressed as CS2)

Fenpropimorph

Metalaxyl including other mixtures of constituent isomers including metalaxyl-m

(sum of isomers)

Penconazole

Iprovalicarb

Azoxystrobin

Fenhexamid

1.   

Fruit, fresh, dried or uncooked, preserved by freezing, not containing added sugar; nuts

(i)

CITRUS FRUIT

 

3

5

0,05 (1)

0,5 (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

1

0,05 (1)  (2)

Grapefruit

0,5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lemons

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Limes

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mandarins (including clementines and other hybrids)

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oranges

0,5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pomelos

0,5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(ii)

TREE NUTS (shelled or unshelled)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

Almonds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brazil nuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cashew nuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chestnuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coconuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hazelnuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macadamia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pecans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pine nuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pistachios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walnuts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(iii)

POME FRUIT

0,2

0,5

3

0,05 (1)

1 (2)

0,2

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

Apples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pears

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quinces

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(iv)

STONE FRUIT

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

 

Apricots

0,2

0,3

2

 

 

0,1

 

 

5 (2)

Cherries

0,1

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

5 (2)

Peaches (including nectarines and similar hybrids)

0,2

0,5

2

 

 

0,1

 

 

5 (2)

Plums

0,5

0,5

1

 

 

 

 

 

1 (2)

Others

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

(v)   

BERRIES AND SMALL FRUIT

(a)

Table and wine grapes

 

1

2

0,05 (1)

 

0,2

2 (2)

2

5 (2)

Table and wine grapes

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

2 (2)

 

 

 

 

Table grapes

1

 

 

 

1 (2)

 

 

 

 

(b)

Strawberries (other than wild)

0,05 (1)

1

2

1

0,5 (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

2

5 (2)

(c)

Cane fruit (other than wild)

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

1

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

10 (2)

Blackberries

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Dewberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loganberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raspberries

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Others

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

(d)

Other small fruit and berries (other than wild)

0,05 (1)

 

 

1

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

5 (2)

Bilberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cranberries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currants (red, black and white)

 

1

5

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

Gooseberries

 

1

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

(e)

Wild berries and wild fruit

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

(vi)

MISCELLANEOUS

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

Avocados

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bananas

 

2

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

Dates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kiwi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 (2)

Kumquats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Litchis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mangoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Olives

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passion fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pineapples

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Papaya

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

2.   

Vegetables, fresh or uncooked, frozen or dry

(i)

ROOT AND TUBER VEGETABLES

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

Beetroot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrots

 

0,2

0,2

 

0,1 (2)

 

 

0,2

 

Celeriac

 

 

0,2

 

 

 

 

0,3

 

Horseradish

 

0,2

 

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

Jerusalem artichokes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parsnips

 

0,2

 

 

0,1 (2)

 

 

0,2

 

Parsley root

 

0,2

 

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

Radishes

0,5

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salsify

 

 

0,2

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

Sweet potatoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Swedes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turnips

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

(ii)

BULB VEGETABLES

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

Garlic

 

 

0,5

 

0,5 (2)

 

 

 

 

Onions

 

 

0,5

 

0,5 (2)

 

0,1 (2)

 

 

Shallots

 

 

0,5

 

0,5 (2)

 

 

 

 

Spring onions

 

 

1

 

0,2 (2)

 

 

2

 

Others

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

 

(iii)

FRUITING VEGETABLES

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Solanacea

 

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

2

 

Tomatoes

0,5

0,3

3

 

0,2 (2)

 

1 (2)

 

1 (2)

Peppers

 

0,5

 

 

0,5 (2)

 

 

 

2 (2)

Aubergines

0,5

0,3

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 (2)

Others

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

2

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

(b)

Cucurbits - edible peel

0,05 (1)

0,1

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

1

1 (2)

Cucumbers

 

 

0,5

 

0,5 (2)

 

0,1 (2)

 

 

Gherkins

 

 

2

 

 

 

0,1 (2)

 

 

Courgettes

 

 

2

 

 

 

0,1 (2)

 

 

Others

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

(c)

Cucurbits-inedible peel

0,05 (1)

0,2

0,5

 

 

0,1

 

0,5

0,05 (1)  (2)

Melons

 

 

 

 

0,2 (2)

 

0,2 (2)

 

 

Squashes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Watermelons

 

 

 

 

0,2 (2)

 

0,2 (2)

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

(d)

Sweet corn

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

(iv)

BRASSICA VEGETABLES

 

0,02 (1)

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

(a)

Flowering brassica

 

 

1

0,05 (1)

0,1 (2)

 

 

 

 

Broccoli

0,2

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

Cauliflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

(b)

Head brassica

0,05 (1)

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brussels sprouts

 

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

0,1

 

Head cabbage

 

 

 

 

1 (2)

 

 

0,3

 

Others

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

(c)

Leafy brassica

0,05 (1)

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

5

 

Chinese cabbage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kale

 

 

2

 

0,2 (2)

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

0,5

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

 

 

(d)

Kohlrabi

0,05 (1)

 

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

0,2

 

(v)

LEAF VEGETABLES & FRESH HERBS

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

(a)

Lettuce and similar

 

 

5

 

 

 

1 (2)

3

 

Cress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lamb's lettuce

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lettuce

2

 

 

 

2 (2)

 

 

 

30 (2)

Scarole

 

 

 

 

1 (2)

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

 

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

 

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

(b)

Spinach and similar

2

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

Spinach

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beet leaves (chard)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c)

Water cress

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,3

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

(d)

Witloof

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,2

 

0,3 (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,2

0,05 (1)  (2)

(e)

Herbs

2

0,02 (1)

5

 

1 (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

3

0,05 (1)  (2)

Chervil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parsley

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celery leaves

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(vi)

LEGUME VEGETABLES (fresh)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

Beans (with pods)

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

Beans (without pods)

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

Peas (with pods)

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

Peas (without pods)

 

 

0,1

 

 

 

 

0,2

 

Others

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

(vii)

STEM VEGETABLES (fresh)

0,05 (1)

 

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

 

0,05 (1)  (2)

Asparagus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cardoons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celery

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

 

5

 

Fennel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Globe artichokes

 

0,5

 

 

 

0,2

 

1

 

Leek

 

 

3

0,5

0,2 (2)

 

 

0,1

 

Rhubarb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

 

(viii)

FUNGI

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

(a)

Cultivated mushrooms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)

Wild mushrooms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Pulses

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,1

0,05 (1)  (2)

Beans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lentils

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peas

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

OIL SEED

 

0,05 (1)

 

0,05 (1)

0,1 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,1 (1)  (2)

 

0,1 (1)  (2)

Linseed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peanuts

0,1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poppy seeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sesame seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunflower seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rape seed

 

 

0,5

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

Soya bean

0,1

 

 

 

 

 

 

0,5

 

Mustard seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cotton seed

0,1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Others

0,05 (1)

 

0,1 (1)

 

 

 

 

0,05 (1)

 

5.

Potatoes

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)

0,1

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

0,05 (1)

0,05 (1)  (2)

Early potatoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ware potatoes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

TEA (leaves and stems, dried, fermented or otherwise, from the leaves of Camellia sinensis)

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)

0,1 (1)

0,1 (1)

0,1 (1)  (2)

0,1 (1)

0,1 (1)  (2)

0,1 (1)

0,1 (1)  (2)

7.

HOPS (dried), including hop pellets and unconcentrated powder

10

2

25

10

10 (2)

0,5

0,1 (1)  (2)

20

0,1 (1)  (2)


(1)  indicates lower limit of analytical determination.

(2)  indicates provisional maximum residue level in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC: unless amended, this level will become definitive with effect from [4 years from date of coming into force of the Directive introducing this amendment].