23.12.2009   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 344/37


COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2009/163/EU

of 22 December 2009

amending Directive 94/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on sweeteners for use in foodstuffs with regard to neotame

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on food additives (1), and in particular Article 31 thereof,

After consulting the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA),

Whereas:

(1)

Directive 94/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 June 1994 on sweeteners for use in foodstuffs (2) lays down a list of sweeteners that may be used in the Union and the conditions for their use.

(2)

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) evaluated the safety of neotame as a sweetener and flavour enhancer and expressed its opinion of 27 September 2007 (3). After considering all the data on stability, degradation products and toxicology, EFSA concluded that neotame is not of safety concern with respect to the proposed uses as a sweetener and flavour enhancer and established an acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 0–2 mg/kg bw/day. EFSA also noted that conservative estimates of neotame dietary exposure both in adults and children suggest that it is very unlikely that the ADI would be exceeded at the proposed use levels.

(3)

Neotame is a highly intense sweetener with a sweetness potency ranging from 7 000 to 13 000 times that of sucrose. It may be used as a replacement for sucrose or other sweeteners in a broad range of products. Neotame can be used alone or with other sweeteners. In addition, neotame can modify the flavour of foods and beverages.

(4)

It is necessary to amend the Annex of Directive 94/35/EC to permit the use of neotame in the same food applications as the other currently permitted intense sweeteners. Neotame should be assigned a new E number, namely E 961. In order to facilitate the marketing and use of this new sweetener, it is provided that products which comply with the provisions of this Directive may be marketed from the date of its entry into force.

(5)

In accordance with point 34 of the Interinstitutional agreement on better law-making (4), Member States are encouraged to draw up, for themselves and in the interests of the Union, their own tables, which will, as far as possible, illustrate the correlation between this Directive and the transposition measures, and to make them public.

(6)

The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

The Annex to Directive 94/35/EC is amended in accordance with the Annex to this Directive.

Article 2

1.   Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 12 October 2010 at the latest. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions.

When Member States adopt those provisions, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.

2.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

3.   Products which comply with the provisions of this Directive may be marketed from the date of entry into force of this Directive.

Article 3

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 4

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 22 December 2009.

For the Commission

The President

José Manuel BARROSO


(1)  OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 16.

(2)  OJ L 237, 10.9.1994, p. 3.

(3)  Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, ‘Flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food on a request from European Commission on neotame as a sweetener and flavour enhancer’. The EFSA Journal (2007) 581, pp. 1-43.

(4)  OJ C 321, 31.12.2003, p. 1.


ANNEX

In the Annex to Directive 94/35/EC the following entry E 961 is inserted after the entry E 959:

EC No

Name

Foodstuffs

Maximum usable dose

‘E 961

Neotame

Non-alcoholic drinks

 

Water-based flavoured drinks, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

20 mg/l

Milk- and milk-derivative-based or fruit-juice-based drinks, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

20 mg/l

Desserts and similar products

 

Water-based flavoured desserts, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Milk- and milk derivative-based preparations, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Fruit- and vegetable-based desserts, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Egg-based desserts, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Cereal-based desserts, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Fat-based desserts, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Snacks: certain flavours of ready-to-eat, pre-packed, dry, savoury starch products and coated nuts

18 mg/kg

Confectionery

 

Confectionery with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Cocoa or dried fruit-based confectionery, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

65 mg/kg

Starch-based confectionery, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

65 mg/kg

Cornets and wafers, for ice cream, with no added sugar

60 mg/kg

Essoblaten

60 mg/kg

Cocoa-, milk-, dried-fruit- or fat-based sandwich spreads, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Breakfast cereals with a fibre content of more than 15 %, and containing at least 20 % bran, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Breath-freshening micro-sweets, with no added sugar

200 mg/kg

Strongly flavoured throat pastilles with no added sugar

65 mg/kg

Chewing gum with no added sugar

250 mg/kg

Energy-reduced tablet form confectionery

15 mg/kg

Cider and perry

20 mg/l

Drinks consisting of a mixture of a non-alcoholic drink and beer, cider, perry, spirits or wine

20 mg/l

Spirit drinks containing less than 15 % alcohol by volume

20 mg/l

Alcohol-free beer or with an alcohol content not exceeding 1,2 % vol.

20 mg/l

Bière de table/Tafelbier/Table beer (original wort content less than 6 %) except for “Obergäriges Einfachbier”

20 mg/l

Beers with a minimum acidity of 30 milli-equivalents expressed as NaOH

20 mg/l

Brown beers of the “oud bruin” type

20 mg/l

Energy-reduced beer

1 mg/l

Edible ices, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

26 mg/kg

Canned or bottled fruit, energy-reduced or with no added sugar

32 mg/kg

Energy-reduced jams, jellies and marmalades

32 mg/kg

Energy-reduced fruit and vegetable preparations

32 mg/kg

Sweet-sour preserves of fruit and vegetables

10 mg/kg

Feinkostsalat

12 mg/kg

Sweet-sour preserves and semi-preserves of fish and marinades of fish, crustaceans and molluscs

10 mg/kg

Energy-reduced soups

5 mg/l

Sauces

12 mg/kg

Mustard

12 mg/kg

Fine bakery products for special nutritional uses

55 mg/kg

Foods intended for use in energy-restricted diets for weight reduction as referred to in Directive 1996/8/EC

26 mg/kg

Dietary foods for special medical purposes as defined in Directive 1999/21/EC

32 mg/kg

Food supplements as defined in Directive 2002/46/EC supplied in a liquid form

20 mg/kg

Food supplements as defined in Directive 2002/46/EC supplied in a solid form

60 mg/kg

Food supplements as defined in Directive 2002/46/EC based on vitamins and/or mineral elements and supplied in a syrup-type or chewable form

185 mg/kg

Table top sweeteners

quantum satis