26.3.2018   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 112/13


Request for a preliminary ruling from the Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf (Germany) lodged on 8 December 2017 — ÖKO-Test Verlag GmbH v Dr. Rudolf Liebe Nachf. GmbH & Co.KG

(Case C-690/17)

(2018/C 112/17)

Language of the case: German

Referring court

Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf

Parties to the main proceedings

Applicant: ÖKO-Test Verlag GmbH

Defendant: Dr. Rudolf Liebe Nachf. GmbH & Co.KG

Questions referred

1.

Is an individual trade mark used in such a way as to infringe rights for the purposes of point (b) of the second sentence of Article 9(1) of the EC Trade Mark Regulation (1)/EU Trade Mark Regulation (2) or point (a) of the second sentence of Article 5(1) of the Trade Mark Directive (3) in the case where

the individual trade mark is affixed to a product in respect of which the individual trade mark is not protected;

the affixing of the individual trade mark by a third party is perceived by the public as a ‘test seal’, which is to say that, although the product has been manufactured and placed on the market by a third party not acting under the control of the trade mark proprietor, the trade mark proprietor has tested some of the characteristics of that product and, on that basis, given it a particular rating shown on the test seal; and

the individual trade mark is registered for, inter alia, ‘consumer information and consultancy with regard to the selection of goods and services, in particular using test and investigation results and by means of quality judgments’?

2.

Should the Court of Justice answer Question 1 in the negative:

Is an individual trade mark used in such a way as to infringe rights for the purposes of point (c) of the second sentence of Article 9(1) of the EC Trade Mark Regulation and Article 5(2) of the Trade Mark Directive in the case where

the individual trade mark has a reputation only as a test seal as described in Question 1; and

the individual trade mark is used as a test seal by the third party?


(1)  Council Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 of 26 February 2009 on the Community trade mark (OJ 2009 L 78, p. 1).

(2)  Regulation (EU) 2017/1001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2017 on the European Union trade mark (OJ 2017 L 154, p. 1).

(3)  Directive 2008/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2008 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (OJ 2008 L 299, p. 25).