This report presents the results of the analysis carried out by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in support of DG MOVE for the analysis of employment and skills issues in the EU transport sector, with the purpose of designing the policies targeting an increased competitiveness in the sector, and improving the labour productivity and job quality. The study analyses the development of employment in various transport sectors from different viewpoints, and by means of a variety of analytical approaches. The study addresses both the supply side (i.e. the workforce capacity) and the demand side (i.e...., the number of employees required in order to meet the future transport activity). In doing so it aims to identify the gap between the supply and demand side and to provide some indications on the degree of change required in the labour force dynamics in order to close this gap. The analysis mainly focuses on the quantitative discrepancies between capacity and demand, but also addresses relevant qualitative aspects including the demographic composition of the workforce.