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Annex A5 List of countries, territories and currencies

(Situation at 6.10.2014)

This list does not represent the official position of the European institutions with regard to the legal status or policy of the entities mentioned. It is a harmonisation of often divergent lists and practices.

Modifications to the 2011 edition (base version)
6.10.2014 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, adjective: ‘—’ replaced by ‘of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands’
  United States Minor Outlying Islands, adjective: ‘—’ replaced by of the United States Minor Outlying Islands’
24.9.2014 Taiwan, full name: ‘Republic of China, Taiwan’ replaced by ‘Taiwan’; note (modification)
1.1.2014 Latvia, currency: ‘lats’ replaced by ‘euro’
25.7.2013 Somalia, full name: ‘Somali Republic’ replaced by ‘Federal Republic of Somalia’; note (deleted)
4.6.2013 Jordan, currency subunit: ‘100 qirsh, 1 000 fils (inv.)’ replaced by ‘100 qirsh, [1 000 fils] (inv.)’
21.5.2013 Sri Lanka, capital: ‘Colombo’ replaced by ‘Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte’
25.4.2013 ‘Burma/Myanmar’ replaced by ‘Myanmar/Burma’
18.4.2013 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, currency: ‘Saint Helena pound’ replaced by ‘Saint Helena pound (Saint Helena and Ascension); pound sterling (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha)’
15.4.2013 Indonesia, currency: ‘Indonesian rupiah’ replaced by ‘rupiah’
12.3.2013 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, short name: ‘Saint Helena’ replaced by ‘Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha’; citizen/inhabitant and adjective: ‘Saint Helenian’ replaced by ‘of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha’
1.1.2013 Zambia, currency: ‘ZMK’ replaced by ‘ZMW’
1.9.2012 Venezuela, currency: ‘bolívar fuerte’ replaced by ‘bolívar’
5.6.2012 Timor-Leste, names: ‘East Timor’ replaced by ‘Timor-Leste’, ‘Democratic Republic of East Timor’ replaced by ‘Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste’
18.4.2012 Ukraine, capital: ‘Kiev’ replaced by ‘Kyiv’
21.2.2012 Burma/Myanmar, capital: ‘Yangon’ replaced by ‘Naypyidaw’
7.2.2012 Cocos (Keeling) Islands, capital: ‘Bantam’ replaced by ‘West Island’
24.1.2012 The Gambia, names: ‘Gambia’ replaced by ‘The Gambia’, ‘Republic of the Gambia’ replaced by ‘Republic of The Gambia’
1.1.2012 Hungary, full name: ‘Republic of Hungary’ replaced by ‘Hungary’
27.10.2011 São Tomé and Príncipe, currency subunit: ‘centavo’ replaced by ‘cêntimo’
22.9.2011 Libya, full name: ‘Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya’ replaced by ‘Libya’
7.9.2011 Colombia, capital: ‘Santa Fe de Bogotá’ replaced by ‘Bogotá’
9.8.2011 Northern Mariana Islands, short name: ‘Northern Marianas’ replaced by ‘Northern Mariana Islands’
5.8.2011 South Sudan (new)
21.6.2011 Burma/Myanmar, names: ‘Myanmar/Burma’ replaced by ‘Burma/Myanmar’, ‘Union of Myanmar/Union of Burma’ replaced by ‘Burma/Myanmar’ (+ note)
  Democratic Republic of the Congo, name of citizenship + adjective (update)
20.6.2011 Taiwan: footnote updated
30.5.2011 Burma/Myanmar, names: ‘Myanmar/Burma’ replaced by ‘Burma/Myanmar’, ‘Union of Myanmar/Union of Burma’ replaced by ‘Union of Burma/Union of Myanmar’
18.5.2011 Svalbard and Jan Mayen, administrative centre and adjective.
12.5.2011 Mayotte, full name: ‘Departmental Collectivity of Mayotte’ replaced by ‘Mayotte’ (Mayotte became an overseas department and region (DOM-ROM) on 31.3.2011).

For former changes, see ‘List of modifications’.
   Short name Full name Country
code (1)
Capital/
administrative
centre
Citizen/
inhabitant
Adjective Currency (2) Currency
code (3)
Currency
subunit (4)
  Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan AF Kabul Afghan Afghan afghani AFN pul
  Åland Islands (AX1) Åland Islands AX Mariehamn Åland Islander of the Åland Islands euro EUR cent
  Albania Republic of Albania AL Tirana Albanian Albanian lek ALL [qindar (pl. qindarka)]
  Algeria People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria DZ Algiers Algerian Algerian Algerian dinar DZD centime
  American Samoa (AS1) Territory of American
Samoa
AS Pago Pago American Samoan American Samoan US dollar USD cent
  Andorra Principality of Andorra AD Andorra la Vella Andorran Andorran euro EUR cent
  Angola Republic of Angola AO Luanda Angolan Angolan kwanza AOA cêntimo
  Anguilla (AI1) Anguilla AI The Valley Anguillan Anguillan East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Antarctica Antarctica AQ Antarctic
  Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda AG St John’s of Antigua and Barbuda of Antigua and Barbuda East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Argentina Argentine Republic AR Buenos Aires Argentinian Argentine; Argentinian Argentine peso ARS centavo
  Armenia Republic of Armenia AM Yerevan Armenian Armenian dram (inv.) AMD luma
  Aruba (AW1) Aruba AW Oranjestad Aruban Aruban Aruban guilder AWG cent
  Australia Commonwealth of Australia AU Canberra Australian Australian Australian dollar AUD cent
  Austria Republic of Austria AT Vienna Austrian Austrian euro EUR cent
  Azerbaijan Republic of Azerbaijan AZ Baku Azerbaijani Azerbaijani Azerbaijani manat AZN kepik (inv.)
  Bahamas Commonwealth of the Bahamas BS Nassau Bahamian Bahamian Bahamian dollar BSD cent
  Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain BH Manama Bahraini Bahraini Bahraini dinar BHD fils (inv.)
  Bangladesh People’s Republic of Bangladesh BD Dhaka Bangladeshi Bangladeshi taka (inv.) BDT poisha (inv.)
  Barbados Barbados BB Bridgetown Barbadian Barbadian Barbados dollar BBD cent
  Belarus Republic of Belarus BY Minsk Belarusian Belarusian Belarusian rouble BYR kopek
  Belgium Kingdom of Belgium BE Brussels Belgian Belgian euro EUR cent
  Belize Belize BZ Belmopan Belizean Belizean Belize dollar BZD cent
  Benin Republic of Benin BJ Porto Novo (BJ1) Beninese Beninese CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
  Bermuda (BM1) Bermuda BM Hamilton Bermudian Bermudian Bermuda dollar BMD cent
  Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan BT Thimphu Bhutanese Bhutanese ngultrum (inv.) BTN chhetrum (inv.)
Indian rupee INR paisa (pl. paise)
  Bolivia Plurinational State of Bolivia BO Sucre (BO1) Bolivian Bolivian boliviano BOB centavo
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina BA Sarajevo of Bosnia and Herzegovina of Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark BAM fening
  Botswana Republic of Botswana BW Gaborone Botswanan Botswanan pula (inv.) BWP thebe (inv.)
  Bouvet Island (BV1) Bouvet Island BV of Bouvet Island
  Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil BR Brasilia Brazilian Brazilian real (pl. reais) BRL centavo
  British Indian Ocean Territory (IO1) British Indian Ocean Territory IO of the British Indian Ocean Territory US dollar USD cent
  British Virgin Islands (VG1) British Virgin Islands VG Road Town British Virgin Islander;
BV Islander
of the British Virgin Islands US dollar USD cent
  Brunei Brunei Darussalam BN Bandar Seri Begawan Bruneian Bruneian Brunei dollar BND sen (inv.)
  Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria BG Sofia Bulgarian Bulgarian lev (pl. leva) BGN stotinka
(pl. stotinki)
  Burkina Faso Burkina Faso BF Ouagadougou Burkinabe Burkinabe CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
    Burma: see Myanmar
  Burundi Republic of Burundi BI Bujumbura Burundian Burundian Burundi franc BIF centime
  Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia KH Phnom Penh Cambodian Cambodian riel KHR sen (inv.)
  Cameroon Republic of Cameroon CM Yaoundé Cameroonian Cameroonian CFA franc (BEAC) XAF centime
  Canada Canada CA Ottawa Canadian Canadian Canadian dollar CAD cent
  Cape Verde Republic of Cape Verde CV Praia Cape Verdean Cape Verdean Cape Verde escudo CVE centavo
  Cayman Islands (KY1) Cayman Islands KY George Town Caymanian Caymanian Cayman Islands dollar KYD cent
  Central African Republic Central African Republic CF Bangui Central African Central African CFA franc (BEAC) XAF centime
  Chad Republic of Chad TD N’Djamena Chadian Chadian CFA franc (BEAC) XAF centime
  Chile Republic of Chile CL Santiago Chilean Chilean Chilean peso CLP centavo
  China People’s Republic of China CN Beijing Chinese Chinese renminbi-yuan (inv.) CNY jiao (10)
fen (100)
  Christmas Island (CX1) Christmas Island Territory CX Flying Fish Cove Christmas Islander of Christmas Island Australian dollar AUD cent
  Clipperton (CP1) Clipperton Island CP (CP2) of Clipperton Island
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (CC1) Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC West Island Cocos Islander of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australian dollar AUD cent
  Colombia Republic of Colombia CO Bogotá Colombian Colombian Colombian peso COP centavo
  Comoros Union of the Comoros KM Moroni Comorian Comorian Comorian franc KMF
  Congo (CG*) Republic of the Congo CG Brazzaville Congolese Congolese CFA franc (BEAC) XAF centime
  Cook Islands (CK1) Cook Islands CK Avarua Cook Islander of the Cook Islands New Zealand dollar NZD cent
  Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica CR San José Costa Rican Costa Rican Costa Rican colón (pl. colones) CRC céntimo
  Côte d’Ivoire Republic of Côte d’Ivoire CI Yamoussoukro (CI1) Ivorian Ivorian CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
  Croatia Republic of Croatia HR Zagreb Croat Croatian kuna (inv.) HRK lipa (inv.)
  Cuba Republic of Cuba CU Havana Cuban Cuban Cuban peso CUP centavo
convertible peso CUC centavo
  Curaçao (CW1) Curaçao CW Willemstad Curaçaoan of Curaçao Netherlands Antillean guilder (CW1) ANG cent
  Cyprus Republic of Cyprus CY Nicosia Cypriot Cypriot euro EUR cent
  Czech Republic Czech Republic CZ Prague Czech Czech Czech koruna (pl. koruny) CZK halér
(pl. halére)
  Democratic Republic of the Congo (CD*) Democratic Republic of the Congo CD Kinshasa of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (CD1) of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (CD1) Congolese franc CDF centime
  Denmark Kingdom of Denmark DK Copenhagen Dane Danish Danish krone
(pl. kroner)
DKK øre (inv.)
  Djibouti Republic of Djibouti DJ Djibouti Djiboutian of Djibouti Djibouti franc DJF
  Dominica Commonwealth of Dominica DM Roseau Dominican of Dominica East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Dominican Republic Dominican Republic DO Santo Domingo Dominican Dominican Dominican peso DOP centavo
     East Timor: see ‘Timor-Leste
  Ecuador Republic of Ecuador EC Quito Ecuadorian Ecuadorian US dollar USD cent
  Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt EG Cairo Egyptian Egyptian Egyptian pound EGP piastre
  El Salvador Republic of El Salvador SV San Salvador Salvadorian; Salvadoran Salvadorian; Salvadoran Salvadorian colón (pl. colones) SVC centavo
US dollar USD cent
  Equatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea GQ Malabo Equatorial Guinean of Equatorial Guinea CFA franc (BEAC) XAF centime
  Eritrea State of Eritrea ER Asmara Eritrean Eritrean nakfa ERN cent
  Estonia Republic of Estonia EE Tallinn Estonian Estonian euro EUR cent
  Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia ET Addis Ababa Ethiopian Ethiopian birr (inv.) ETB cent
  Faeroe Islands (FO1) Faeroe Islands FO Tórshavn Faeroese Faeroese Danish krone
(pl. kroner)
DKK øre (inv.)
  Falkland Islands (FK1) Falkland Islands FK Stanley Falkland Islander of the Falkland Islands Falkland Islands pound FKP new penny
(pl. pence)
  Fiji Republic of Fiji FJ Suva Fijian Fijian Fiji dollar FJD cent
  Finland Republic of Finland FI Helsinki Finn Finnish euro EUR cent
  former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the (5a) the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (5b) (5c) Skopje of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia denar (pl. denars) MKD deni (inv.)
  France French Republic FR Paris Frenchman; Frenchwoman French euro EUR cent
  French Guiana (GF1) French Guiana GF Cayenne Guianese Guianese euro EUR cent
  French Polynesia (PF1) French Polynesia PF Papeete Polynesian Polynesian CFP franc XPF centime
  French Southern and Antarctic Lands (TF1) French Southern and Antarctic Lands TF (TF2) of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands euro EUR cent
  Gabon Gabonese Republic GA Libreville Gabonese Gabonese CFA franc (BEAC) XAF centime
  Gambia: see ‘The Gambia
  Georgia Georgia GE Tbilisi Georgian Georgian lari GEL tetri (inv.)
  Germany Federal Republic of Germany DE Berlin German German euro EUR cent
  Ghana Republic of Ghana GH Accra Ghanaian Ghanaian Ghana cedi GHS pesewa
  Gibraltar (GI1) Gibraltar GI Gibraltar Gibraltarian Gibraltarian Gibraltar pound GIP penny
(pl. pence)
  Greece Hellenic Republic EL Athens Greek Greek euro EUR cent
  Greenland (GL1) Greenland GL Nuuk Greenlander Greenlandic Danish krone
(pl. kroner)
DKK øre (inv.)
  Grenada Grenada GD St George’s Grenadian Grenadian East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Guadeloupe (GP1) Guadeloupe GP Basse Terre Guadeloupean Guadeloupean euro EUR cent
  Guam (GU1) Territory of Guam GU Agaña (Hagåtña) Guamanian Guamanian US dollar USD cent
  Guatemala Republic of Guatemala GT Guatemala City Guatemalan Guatemalan quetzal (pl. quetzales) GTQ centavo
  Guernsey (GG1) Bailiwick of Guernsey GG St Peter Port of Guernsey Guernsey Guernsey pound (GG2) GGP (GG2) penny (pl. pence)
pound sterling GBP penny (pl. pence)
  Guinea Republic of Guinea GN Conakry Guinean Guinean Guinean franc GNF
  Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau GW Bissau Guinea-Bissau national of Guinea-Bissau CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
  Guyana Cooperative Republic of Guyana GY Georgetown Guyanese Guyanese Guyana dollar GYD cent
  Haiti Republic of Haiti HT Port-au-Prince Haitian Haitian gourde HTG centime
US dollar USD cent
  Heard Island
and McDonald Islands (HM1)
Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM of the Heard Island and McDonald Islands
  the Holy See/
Vatican City State (VA1)
the Holy See/ Vatican City State VA —/Vatican City of the Holy See/of the Vatican of the Holy See/of the Vatican euro EUR cent
  Honduras Republic of Honduras HN Tegucigalpa Honduran Honduran lempira HNL centavo
  Hong Kong (HK1) Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (HK2) HK (HK3) Hong Kong Chinese Hong Kong Chinese Hong Kong dollar HKD cent
  Hungary Hungary HU Budapest Hungarian Hungarian forint (inv.) HUF [fillér (inv.)]
  Iceland Republic of Iceland IS Reykjavik Icelander Icelandic króna (pl. krónur) ISK
  India Republic of India IN New Delhi Indian Indian Indian rupee INR paisa
(pl. paise)
  Indonesia Republic of Indonesia ID Jakarta Indonesian Indonesian rupiah (inv.) IDR sen (inv.)
  Iran Islamic Republic of Iran IR Tehran Iranian Iranian Iranian rial IRR [dinar] (IR1)
  Iraq Republic of Iraq IQ Baghdad Iraqi Iraqi Iraqi dinar IQD fils (inv.)
  Ireland Ireland (IE1) IE Dublin Irishman; Irishwoman Irish euro EUR cent
  Isle of Man (IM1) Isle of Man IM Douglas Manxman; Manxwoman Manx Manx pound (IM2) IMP (IM2) penny (pl. pence)
pound sterling GBP penny (pl. pence)
  Israel State of Israel IL (IL1) Israeli Israeli shekel ILS agora
(pl. agorot)
  Italy Italian Republic IT Rome Italian Italian euro EUR cent
  Jamaica Jamaica JM Kingston Jamaican Jamaican Jamaica dollar JMD cent
  Japan Japan JP Tokyo Japanese Japanese yen (inv.) JPY [sen (inv.)] (JP1)
  Jersey (JE1) Bailiwick of Jersey JE St Helier of Jersey Jersey Jersey pound (JE2) JEP (JE2) penny (pl. pence)
pound sterling GBP penny (pl. pence)
  Jordan Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan JO Amman Jordanian Jordanian Jordanian dinar JOD 100 qirsh
[1 000 fils]
(inv.)
  Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan KZ Astana Kazakh Kazakh tenge (inv.) KZT tiyn
  Kenya Republic of Kenya KE Nairobi Kenyan Kenyan Kenyan shilling KES cent
  Kiribati Republic of Kiribati KI Tarawa Kiribatian Kiribatian Australian dollar AUD cent
  Korea: see ‘North Korea’, ‘South Korea
  Kuwait State of Kuwait KW Kuwait City Kuwaiti Kuwaiti Kuwaiti dinar KWD fils (inv.)
  Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Republic KG Bishkek Kyrgyz Kyrgyz som KGS tyiyn
  Laos Lao People’s Democratic Republic LA Vientiane Lao Lao; Laotian kip (inv.) LAK [at (inv.)]
  Latvia Republic of Latvia LV Riga Latvian Latvian euro EUR cent
  Lebanon Lebanese Republic LB Beirut Lebanese Lebanese Lebanese pound LBP [piastre]
  Lesotho Kingdom of Lesotho LS Maseru Basotho of Lesotho loti (pl. maloti) LSL sente
(pl. lisente)
rand ZAR cent
  Liberia Republic of Liberia LR Monrovia Liberian Liberian Liberian dollar LRD cent
  Libya Libya LY Tripoli Libyan Libyan Libyan dinar LYD dirham
  Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein LI Vaduz Liechtensteiner of Liechtenstein Swiss franc CHF centime
  Lithuania Republic of Lithuania LT Vilnius Lithuanian Lithuanian litas (pl. litai) LTL centas
(pl. centai)
  Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg LU Luxembourg Luxembourger Luxembourgish euro EUR cent
  Macao (MO1) Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (MO2) MO Macao (MO3) Macanese Macanese pataca MOP avo
  Macedonia: see ‘former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  Madagascar Republic of Madagascar MG Antananarivo Malagasy Malagasy ariary MGA iraimbilanja (inv.)
  Malawi Republic of Malawi MW Lilongwe Malawian Malawian Malawian kwacha (inv.) MWK tambala (inv.)
  Malaysia Malaysia MY Kuala Lumpur (MY1) Malaysian Malaysian ringgit (inv.) MYR sen (inv.)
  Maldives Republic of Maldives MV Malé Maldivian Maldivian rufiyaa MVR laari (inv.)
  Mali Republic of Mali ML Bamako Malian Malian CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
  Malta Republic of Malta MT Valletta Maltese Maltese euro EUR cent
  Marshall Islands Republic of the Marshall Islands MH Majuro Marshallese Marshallese US dollar USD cent
  Martinique (MQ1) Martinique MQ Fort-de-France Martinican Martinican euro EUR cent
  Mauritania Islamic Republic of Mauritania MR Nouakchott Mauritanian Mauritanian ouguiya MRO khoum
  Mauritius Republic of Mauritius MU Port Louis Mauritian Mauritian Mauritian rupee MUR cent
  Mayotte (YT1) Mayotte YT Mamoudzou Mahorais Mahoran euro EUR cent
  Mexico United Mexican States MX Mexico City Mexican Mexican Mexican peso MXN centavo
  Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia FM Palikir Micronesian of Micronesia US dollar USD cent
  Moldova Republic of Moldova MD Chisinau Moldovan Moldovan Moldovan leu (pl. lei) MDL ban
(pl. bani)
  Monaco Principality of Monaco MC Monaco Monegasque Monegasque euro EUR cent
  Mongolia Mongolia MN Ulan Bator Mongolian Mongolian tugrik MNT möngö (inv.)
  Montenegro Montenegro ME Podgorica Montenegrin Montenegrin euro EUR cent
  Montserrat (MS1) Montserrat MS Plymouth (MS2) Montserratian Montserratian East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Morocco Kingdom of Morocco MA Rabat Moroccan Moroccan Moroccan dirham MAD centime
  Mozambique Republic of Mozambique MZ Maputo Mozambican Mozambican metical
(pl. meticais)
MZN centavo
  Myanmar/Burma Myanmar/Burma (MM1) MM Naypyidaw of Myanmar/Burma of Myanmar/Burma kyat MMK pya
  Namibia Republic of Namibia NA Windhoek Namibian Namibian Namibian dollar NAD cent
rand ZAR cent
  Nauru Republic of Nauru NR Yaren Nauruan Nauruan Australian dollar AUD cent
  Nepal Nepal NP Kathmandu Nepalese Nepalese Nepalese rupee NPR paisa (inv.)
  Netherlands (NL1) Kingdom of the Netherlands NL Amsterdam (NL2) Dutchman; Dutchwoman; Netherlander Netherlands; Dutch euro EUR cent
  New Caledonia (NC1) New Caledonia NC Nouméa New Caledonian New Caledonian CFP franc XPF centime
  New Zealand New Zealand NZ Wellington New Zealander of New Zealand New Zealand dollar NZD cent
  Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua NI Managua Nicaraguan Nicaraguan córdoba oro NIO centavo
  Niger Republic of Niger NE Niamey Nigerien Nigerien CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
  Nigeria Federal Republic of Nigeria NG Abuja Nigerian Nigerian naira (inv.) NGN kobo (inv.)
  Niue (NU1) Niue NU Alofi Niuean Niuean New Zealand dollar NZD cent
  Norfolk Island (NF1) Territory of Norfolk Island NF Kingston Norfolk Islander of Norfolk Island Australian dollar AUD cent
  North Korea Democratic People’s Republic of Korea KP Pyongyang North Korean North Korean North Korean won (inv.) KPW chun (inv.)
  Northern Mariana Islands (MP1) Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands MP Saipan Northern Mariana Islander of the Northern Mariana Islands US dollar USD cent
  Norway Kingdom of Norway NO Oslo Norwegian Norwegian Norwegian krone (pl. kroner) NOK øre (inv.)
  Oman Sultanate of Oman OM Muscat Omani Omani Omani rial OMR baiza
  Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan PK Islamabad Pakistani Pakistani Pakistani rupee PKR paisa
  Palau Republic of Palau PW Melekeok Palauan Palauan US dollar USD cent
  Panama Republic of Panama PA Panama City Panamanian Panamanian balboa PAB centésimo
US dollar USD cent
  Papua New Guinea Independent State of Papua New Guinea PG Port Moresby Papua New Guinean of Papua New Guinea kina (inv.) PGK toea (inv.)
  Paraguay Republic of Paraguay PY Asunción Paraguayan Paraguayan guaraní
(pl. guaraníes)
PYG céntimo
  Peru Republic of Peru PE Lima Peruvian Peruvian new sol PEN céntimo
  Philippines Republic of the Philippines PH Manila Filipino Philippine Philippine peso PHP centavo
  Pitcairn Islands (PN1) Pitcairn Islands PN Adamstown Pitcairner Pitcairner New Zealand dollar NZD cent
  Poland Republic of Poland PL Warsaw Pole Polish zloty
(pl. zlotys)
PLN grosz (pl. groszy)
  Portugal Portuguese Republic PT Lisbon Portuguese Portuguese euro EUR cent
  Puerto Rico (PR1) Commonwealth of Puerto Rico PR San Juan Puerto Rican Puerto Rican US dollar USD cent
  Qatar State of Qatar QA Doha Qatari Qatari Qatari riyal QAR dirham
  Réunion (RE1) Réunion RE Saint-Denis Reunionese Reunionese euro EUR cent
  Romania Romania RO Bucharest Romanian Romanian Romanian leu (pl. lei) RON ban (pl. bani)
  Russia Russian Federation RU Moscow Russian Russian Russian rouble RUB kopek
  Rwanda Republic of Rwanda RW Kigali Rwandan; Rwandese Rwandan; Rwandese Rwandese franc RWF centime
  Saint Barthélemy (BL1) Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy BL Gustavia of Saint Barthélemy of Saint Barthélemy euro EUR cent
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  (SH1) Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha SH Jamestown of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena pound (Saint Helena and Ascension) SHP penny
(pl. pence)
pound sterling (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha) GBP penny
(pl. pence)
  Saint Kitts and Nevis Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis KN Basseterre Kittsian; Nevisian of Saint Kitts and Nevis East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Saint Lucia Saint Lucia LC Castries Saint Lucian Saint Lucian East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Saint Martin (MF1) Collectivity of Saint Martin MF Marigot of Saint Martin of Saint Martin euro EUR cent
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (PM1) Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM Saint-Pierre St-Pierrais; Miquelonnais of Saint Pierre and Miquelon euro EUR cent
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC Kingstown Vincentian Vincentian; of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines East Caribbean dollar XCD cent
  Salvador: see ‘El Salvador
  Samoa Independent State of Samoa WS Apia Samoan Samoan tala (inv.) WST sene (inv.)
  San Marino Republic of San Marino SM San Marino San Marinese of San Marino euro EUR cent
  São Tomé and Príncipe Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe ST São Tomé São Toméan of São Tomé and Príncipe dobra STD centimo
  Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia SA Riyadh Saudi Arabian Saudi Arabian riyal SAR halala
  Senegal Republic of Senegal SN Dakar Senegalese Senegalese CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
  Serbia Republic of Serbia RS Belgrade Serb Serbian Serbian dinar RSD para (inv.)
  Seychelles Republic of Seychelles SC Victoria Seychellois of Seychelles Seychelles rupee SCR cent
  Sierra Leone Republic of Sierra Leone SL Freetown Sierra Leonean Sierra Leonean leone SLL cent
  Singapore Republic of Singapore SG Singapore Singaporean Singaporean Singapore dollar SGD cent
  Sint Maarten (SX1) Sint Maarten SX Philipsburg Sint Maartener of Sint Maarten Netherlands Antillean guilder (SX1) ANG cent
  Slovakia Slovak Republic SK Bratislava Slovak Slovak; Slovakian euro EUR cent
  Slovenia Republic of Slovenia SI Ljubljana Slovene Slovenian euro EUR cent
  Solomon Islands Solomon Islands SB Honiara Solomon Islander of the Solomon Islands Solomon Islands dollar SBD cent
  Somalia Federal Republic of Somalia SO Mogadishu Somali Somali; Somalian Somali shilling SOS cent
  South Africa Republic of South Africa ZA Pretoria (ZA1) South African South African rand ZAR cent
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (GS1) South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS King Edward Point (Grytviken) of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
  South Korea Republic of Korea KR Seoul South Korean South Korean South Korean won (inv.) KRW [chun (inv.)]
  South Sudan Republic of South Sudan SS Juba South Sudanese South Sudanese South Sudanese pound SSP piastre
  Spain Kingdom of Spain ES Madrid Spaniard Spanish euro EUR cent
  Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka LK Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (LK1) Sri Lankan Sri Lankan Sri Lankan rupee LKR cent
  Sudan Republic of the Sudan SD Khartoum Sudanese Sudanese Sudanese pound SDG piastre
  Suriname Republic of Suriname SR Paramaribo Surinamer Surinamese Surinamese dollar SRD cent
  Svalbard and Jan Mayen (SJ1) Svalbard and Jan Mayen SJ Longyearbyen (Svalbard), Olonkinbyen (Jan Mayen) of Svalbard, of Jan Mayen of Svalbard, of Jan Mayen Norwegian krone (pl. kroner) NOK øre (inv.)
  Swaziland Kingdom of Swaziland SZ Mbabane Swazi Swazi lilangeni
(pl. emalangeni)
SZL cent
  Sweden Kingdom of Sweden SE Stockholm Swede Swedish krona (pl. kronor) SEK öre (inv.)
  Switzerland Swiss Confederation CH Berne Swiss Swiss Swiss franc CHF centime
  Syria Syrian Arab Republic SY Damascus Syrian Syrian Syrian pound SYP piastre
  Taiwan Taiwan (TW1) TW Taipei Taiwanese Taiwanese new Taiwan dollar TWD fen (inv.)
  Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan TJ Dushanbe Tajik Tajik somoni TJS diram
  Tanzania United Republic of Tanzania TZ Dodoma (TZ1) Tanzanian Tanzanian Tanzanian shilling TZS cent
  Thailand Kingdom of Thailand TH Bangkok Thai Thai baht (inv.) THB satang (inv.)
  The Gambia (GM*) Republic of The Gambia GM Banjul Gambian Gambian dalasi (inv.) GMD butut
  Timor-Leste Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste TL Dili East Timorese East Timorese US dollar USD cent
  Togo Togolese Republic TG Lomé Togolese Togolese CFA franc (BCEAO) XOF centime
  Tokelau (TK1) Tokelau TK (TK2) Tokelauan Tokelauan New Zealand dollar NZD cent
  Tonga Kingdom of Tonga TO Nuku’alofa Tongan Tongan pa’anga (inv.) TOP seniti (inv.)
  Trinidad and Tobago Republic of Trinidad and Tobago TT Port of Spain Trinidadian; Tobagonian of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago dollar TTD cent
  Tunisia Republic of Tunisia TN Tunis Tunisian Tunisian Tunisian dinar TND millime
  Turkey Republic of Turkey TR Ankara Turk Turkish Turkish lira (inv.) TRY kurus (inv.)
  Turkmenistan Turkmenistan TM Ashgabat Turkmen Turkmen Turkmen manat (inv.) TMT tenge (inv.)
  Turks and Caicos Islands (TC1) Turks and Caicos Islands TC Cockburn Town Turks and Caicos Islander of the Turks and Caicos Islands US dollar USD cent
  Tuvalu Tuvalu TV Funafuti Tuvaluan Tuvaluan Australian dollar AUD cent
  Uganda Republic of Uganda UG Kampala Ugandan Ugandan Uganda shilling UGX cent
  Ukraine Ukraine UA Kyiv Ukrainian Ukrainian hryvnia UAH kopiyka
  United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates AE Abu Dhabi Emirian Emirian UAE dirham AED fils (inv.)
  United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland UK London Briton British pound sterling GBP penny (pl. pence)
  United States United States of America US Washington DC American;
US citizen
American; of the United States US dollar USD cent
  United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM1) United States Minor Outlying Islands UM US dollar USD cent
  Uruguay Eastern Republic of Uruguay UY Montevideo Uruguayan Uruguayan Uruguayan peso UYU centésimo
  US Virgin Islands (VI1) United States Virgin Islands VI Charlotte Amalie US Virgin Islander of the US Virgin Islands US dollar USD cent
  Uzbekistan Republic of Uzbekistan UZ Tashkent Uzbek Uzbek sum (inv.) UZS tiyin (inv.)
  Vanuatu Republic of Vanuatu VU Port Vila Vanuatuan Vanuatuan vatu (inv.) VUV
  Vatican City: see ‘Holy See
  Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela VE Caracas Venezuelan Venezuelan bolívar (pl. bolívares) VEF céntimo
  Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam VN Hanoi Vietnamese Vietnamese dong VND [10 hào
100 xu]
  Wallis and Futuna (WF1) Wallis and Futuna WF Mata-Utu Wallisian; Futunan; Wallis and Futuna Islander of the Wallis and Futuna Islands CFP franc XPF centime
  Western Sahara (EH1) Western Sahara EH Al aaiun Sahrawi Sahrawi Moroccan dirham MAD centime
  Yemen Republic of Yemen YE San’a Yemenite Yemeni Yemeni rial YER fils (inv.)
  Zambia Republic of Zambia ZM Lusaka Zambian Zambian Zambian kwacha (inv.) ZMW ngwee (inv.)
  Zimbabwe Republic of Zimbabwe ZW Harare Zimbabwean Zimbabwean Zimbabwe dollar (ZW1) ZWL cent

Notes relating to countries, territories and currencies

Footnotes in italics concern only the English version.

(1)
‘Country code’ column: ISO 3166 alpha-2, except for Greece and the United Kingdom (use EL and UK respectively instead of GR and GB). See also Sections 7.1.1 (Designations and abbreviations to use), 7.1.2 (Country listing order) and Annex A6 (Country and territory codes).
(2)
‘Currency’ column: CFA franc (BCEAO) = franc de la Communauté financière africaine (African Financial Community franc) issued by the Banque centrale des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest; CFA franc (BEAC) = franc de la Coopération financière en Afrique centrale (Financial Cooperation in Central Africa franc) issued by the Banque des États de l’Afrique centrale.
(3)
‘Currency code’ column: ISO 4217, except GGP (Guernsey), IMP (Isle of Man) and JEP (Jersey).
(4)
‘Currency subunit’ column: the sub-unit of the euro is the cent. However, according to recital 2 of Council Regulation (EC) No 974/98 of 3 May 1998, ‘the definition of the name “cent” does not prevent the use of variants of this term in common usage in the Member States’. The preferred form in texts of the European Union is ‘cent’ (obligatory in all legal texts). Subunits indicated in square brackets are no longer in circulation.
* * *
(AX1)
Åland Islands: these islands enjoy autonomous status under Finnish sovereignty. The special relationship between the European Union and the Åland Islands is set out in a protocol appended to the Treaty of Accession. (Moreover, this protocol confirms the special status of the Åland Islands under international law.)
(AS1)
American Samoa: territory of the USA.
(AI1)
Anguilla: British overseas territory.
(AW1)
Aruba: autonomous entity of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
(BJ1)
Benin: the seat of government is located at Cotonou.
(BM1)
Bermuda: British overseas territory.
(BO1)
Bolivia: Sucre is the constitutional capital; the seat of government is located at La Paz.
(BV1)
Bouvet Island: uninhabited territory of Norway.
(IO1)
British Indian Ocean Territory: British overseas territory.
(VG1)
British Virgin Islands: British overseas territory.
(KY1)
Cayman Islands: British overseas territory.
(CX1)
Christmas Island: territory of Australia (do not confuse with Christmas Island, or Kiritimati, part of the Republic of Kiribati).
(CP1)
Clipperton: public land belonging to France.
(CP2)
Clipperton: the code CP is not part of ISO 3166-1 as such, but is a code reserved by the ISO.
(CC1)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands: territory of Australia.
(CG*)
Congo: use ‘Congo (Brazzaville)’ if necessary for clarity (no article).
(CK1)
Cook Islands: self-governing in free-association with New Zealand.
(CI1)
Côte d’Ivoire: Yamoussoukro is the offical capital; Abidjan is the administrative centre.
(CW1)
Curaçao: autonomous entity of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since 10.10.2010 (Netherlands Antilles dissolved). Although the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved on 10 October 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have retained the Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG) while waiting for the creation of a common currency in 2013 (the Caribbean guilder).
(CD*)
Democratic Republic of the Congo: use ‘Congo (Kinshasa)’ if necessary for clarity (no article).
(CD1)
Democratic Republic of the Congo: ‘Congolese’ may also be used if no confusion is possible with the Republic of the Congo.
(FO1)
Faeroe Islands: self-governing territory of Denmark.
(FK1)
Falkland Islands: British overseas territory.
(5a)
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: do not use the short form FYROM, nor ‘Republic of Macedonia’.
(5b)
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: the definitive nomenclature for this country will be agreed following current negotiations at UN level.
(5c)
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: to be defined.
(GF1)
French Guiana: French overseas department and region (DOM-ROM = département et région d’outre-mer).
(PF1)
French Polynesia: French overseas collectivity (COM = collectivité d’outre-mer); also has the special denomination ‘Overseas Country of French Polynesia’.
(TF1)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands: overseas territory of France with a special statute.
(TF2)
French Southern and Antarctic Lands: administered from Saint-Pierre de la Réunion.
(GI1)
Gibraltar: British overseas territory.
(GL1)
Greenland: self-governing territory of Denmark.
(GP1)
Guadeloupe: French overseas department and region (DOM-ROM = département et région d’outre-mer).
(GU1)
Guam: territory of the USA.
(GG1)
Guernsey: British Crown dependency. Not part of the United Kingdom, but depends on it in matters concerning external relations. Not part of the European Union, but is associated with it through Protocol 3 to the United Kingdom’s Act of Accession.
(GG2)
Guernsey: variant of the pound sterling, without an ISO code of its own. If a separate code is required, GGP is generally used.
(HM1)
Heard Island and McDonald Islands: territory of Australia.
(VA1)
the Holy See/Vatican City State: the Holy See and the Vatican City State are separate subjects of international law (for more information, see the following website: http://www.vatican.va/news_services/press/documentazione/documents/corpo-diplomatico_index_en.html). It is the Holy See, and not the Vatican City State, which is accredited to the European Union et al.
(HK1)
Hong Kong: the name ‘Hong Kong, China’ is also used in specific contexts. Article 151 of the Basic Law states that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may on its own using the name ‘Hong Kong, China’, maintain and develop relations and conclude and implement agreements with foreign states and regions and relevant international organisations in the appropriate fields, including the economic, trade, financial and monetary, shipping, communications, tourism, cultural and sports fields.
(HK2)
Hong Kong: the full name may also be shortened: ‘Hong Kong Special Administrative Region’ or ‘Hong Kong SAR’.
(HK3)
Hong Kong: the official capital is Beijing. The administrative centre is located at Government Hill.
(IR1)
Iran: the rial is officially divided into 100 dinars but, because of its low value, the fractions are no longer used. The Iranians use the toman, which is valued at 10 rials.
(IE1)
Ireland: do not use ‘Republic of Ireland’ nor ‘Irish Republic’.
(IM1)
Isle of Man: British Crown dependency. Not part of the United Kingdom, but depends on it in matters concerning external relations. Not part of the European Union, but is associated with it through Protocol 3 to the United Kingdom’s Act of Accession.
(IM2)
Isle of Man: variant of the pound sterling, without an ISO code of its own. If a separate code is required, IMP is generally used.
(IL1)
Israel: the government, the Knesset and the Supreme Court have their headquarters in Jerusalem. The Member States of the European Union have their embassies in Tel Aviv.
(JP1)
Japan: the sen is now only used for accounting purposes.
(JE1)
Jersey: British Crown dependency. Not part of the United Kingdom, but depends on it in matters concerning external relations. Not part of the European Union, but is associated with it through Protocol 3 to the United Kingdom’s Act of Accession.
(JE2)
Jersey: variant of the pound sterling, without an ISO code of its own. If a separate code is required, JEP is generally used.
(MO1)
Macao: the name ‘Macao, China’ is also used in specific contexts. Article 136 of the Basic Law states that the Macao Special Administrative Region may on its own using the name ‘Macao, China’, maintain and develop relations and conclude and implement agreements with foreign states and regions and relevant international organisations in the appropriate fields, including the economic, trade, financial and monetary, shipping, communications, tourism, cultural, sciences, technology and sports fields.
(MO2)
Macao: the full name may be shortened: ‘Macao Special Administrative Region’ or ‘Macao SAR’.
(MO3)
Macao: the official capital is Beijing. The administrative centre is located at Macao.
(MY1)
Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur is the official capital. The seat of government is located at Putrajaya.
(MQ1)
Martinique: French overseas department and region (DOM-ROM = département et région d’outre-mer).
(YT1)
Mayotte: formerly a French overseas collectivity (COM = collectivité d’outre-mer), with the special denomination ‘Departmental Collectivity of Mayotte’, Mayotte became an overseas department and region (DOM-ROM = département et région d’outre-mer) on 31 March 2011.
(MS1)
Montserrat: British overseas territory.
(MS2)
Montserrat: with the capital Plymouth having been devastated by volcanic eruption, government institutions are now located in Brades.
(MM1)
Myanmar/Burma: the United Nations uses the terms ‘Myanmar’ (short name) and ‘Republic of the Union of Myanmar’ (full name), but it is recommended to use the form ‘Myanmar/Burma’ in EU texts.
(NL1)
Netherlands: use ‘the Netherlands’ not Holland, which is only part of the Netherlands (the provinces of North and South Holland); a capital T is not necessary on ‘the’. In tables ‘Netherlands’ will suffice.
(NL2)
Netherlands: Amsterdam is the constitutional capital; the seat of government is located at The Hague.
(NC1)
New Caledonia: French sui generis collectivity.
(NU1)
Niue: self-governing in free-association with New Zealand.
(NF1)
Norfolk Island: self-governing territory of Australia.
(MP1)
Northern Mariana Islands: Commonwealth in political union with the USA.
(PN1)
Pitcairn Islands: British overseas territory.
(PR1)
Puerto Rico: Commonwealth in political union with the USA.
(RE1)
Réunion: French overseas department and region (DOM-ROM = département et région d’outre-mer).
(BL1)
Saint Barthélemy: French overseas collectivity (COM = collectivité d’outre-mer), with the special denomination ‘Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy’.
(SH1)
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha: British overseas territory.
(MF1)
Saint Martin: French overseas collectivity (COM = collectivité d’outre-mer), with the special denomination ‘Collectivity of Saint Martin’.
(PM1)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon: French overseas collectivity (COM = collectivité d’outre-mer), with the special denomination ‘Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon’.
(SX1)
Sint-Maarten: autonomous entity of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since 10.10.2010 (Netherlands Antilles dissolved). Although the Netherlands Antilles was dissolved on 10 October 2010 , Curaçao and Sint Maarten have retained the Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG) while waiting for the creation of a common currency in 2013 (the Caribbean guilder).
(ZA1)
South Africa: Pretoria (Tshwane) is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judicial capital.
(GS1)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands: British overseas territory (under the administration of the Falkland Islands).
(LK1)
Sri Lanka: Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte is the administrative capital and Colombo is the commercial capital.
(SJ1)
Svalbard and Jan Mayen: territories of Norway.
(TW1)
Taiwan: ‘Taiwan’ is the name used by governments which broke off diplomatic relations with Taipei after the UN resolution of October 1971. ‘Republic of China’ is the name recognised as official by the Taipei authorities.
(TZ1)
Tanzania: many institutions are still in Dar es Salaam.
(GM*)
The Gambia: use ‘The Gambia’ or ‘the Republic of The Gambia’.
(TK1)
Tokelau: territory of New Zealand.
(TK2)
Tokelau: no capital. Each of the three atolls has its own administrative centre.
(TC1)
Turks and Caicos Islands: British overseas territory.
(UM1)
United States Minor Outlying Islands: territories of the USA.
(VI1)
US Virgin Islands: territory of the USA.
(WF1)
Wallis and Futuna: French overseas collectivity (COM = collectivité d’outre-mer).
(EH1)
Western Sahara: territory disputed between Morocco and the Polisario Front. In 1976, the latter proclaimed the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), but this is not officially recognised by the European Union. The United Nations (UN) is currently supervising negotiations.
(ZW1)
Zimbabwe: the Zimbabwe dollar is currently suspended and has been replaced mainly by the US dollar.
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