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9.5. Administrative structure of the European Union: official titles and listing order

See also Annex A9 — Institutions,
bodies, interinstitutional services and
organisations: multilingual list

9.5.1. Institutions and bodies

The institutions and bodies must be listed in protocol order.

The following list indicates the official title, following protocol order since 1 December 2009 (entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon). The list is followed by a table indicating the form of title to use according to type of publication, as well as the relevant abbreviation and location of the seat.

(a) Institutions

Three Councils
(Do not get them confused)
In the European Union

Meetings of the Heads of State or Government (presidents or prime ministers) and the President of the European Commission take place, in principle, four times a year. These meetings are also known as ‘summits’. The European Council fixes the general political guidelines of the Union.

The ministers of the Member States meet regularly within the Council of the European Union. Depending on the issue on the agenda, each country will be represented by the minister responsible for that. It is the Union’s main decision-making body and determines the greater part of European legislation.

Outside the European Union

The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation but is not a European institution.

European Council
President of the European Council
Court of Justice of the European Union
Court of Justice
General Court
Civil Service Tribunal

(b) External policy body

European External Action Service
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

(c) Consultative bodies

(d) Other bodies

INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES — Different forms of title
Long name Short name (1) Abbreviation Seat
European Parliament Parliament EP Strasbourg (2)
European Council Brussels
Council of the European Union Council
NB:

In popular parlance:

Council [Council of …
(specialised, e.g. Agriculture, Ministers)
e.g. Fisheries Council (specific)
Brussels
European Commission Commission Brussels (3)
Court of Justice of the European Union
(institution)
Court of Justice CJEU Luxembourg
Court of Justice (instance)
Court Luxembourg
General Court
Court Luxembourg
Civil Service Tribunal
Tribunal Luxembourg
European Central Bank Central Bank, Bank ECB Frankfurt am Main
European Court of Auditors (4) Court of Auditors, Court ECA Luxembourg
in the Official Journal: Court of Auditors
European External Action Service EEAS Brussels
European Economic and Social Committee Committee EESC (5) Brussels
Committee of the Regions of the European Union Committee of the Regions, Committee CoR Brussels
in the Official Journal: Committee of the Regions
European Investment Bank Bank EIB Luxembourg
European Ombudsman Ombudsman Strasbourg (6)
European Data Protection Supervisor European Supervisor, Supervisor EDPS Brussels
(1)
The abbreviated form should only be used if there is no possibility of confusion (notably between ‘Court’ and ‘Committee’). The full expression must always be used at the first mention.
(2)
The seat of the Parliament is at Strasbourg. Additional sessions are organised at Brussels. The Secretariat is installed at Luxembourg.
(3)
The Commission has its seat at Brussels, but it has some services based in Luxembourg.
(4)
‘European Court of Auditors’ is the title in general use. However, the official title used in purely legal texts is ‘Court of Auditors of the European Union’ (before 1.12.2009: ‘Court of Auditors of the European Communities’), even if it is rarely found in texts. The short form ‘Court of Auditors’ is used in the Official Journal.
(5)
Do not use the short form ‘Economic and Social Committee’ or the abbreviation ‘CES’.
(6)
The seat of the Ombudsman is that of the European Parliament.

9.5.2. Interinstitutional services

The interinstitutional services are attached administratively to the European Commission (see also Section 9.6).

Name Abbre­viation Seat Reference act
European Personnel Selection Office (1) EPSO (*)
EUSA (*)
Brussels OJ L 197, 26.7.2002, p. 53
Publications Office of the European Union (3) OP (*) Luxembourg OJ L 168, 30.6.2009, p. 41
(*)
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
(1)
Usual name.
(2)
Attached administratively to the European Personnel Selection Office.
(3)
Until 30.6.2009: ‘Office for Official Publications of the European Communities’.

9.5.3. Decentralised organisations (agencies)

Decentralised organisations (agencies) are created by a specific legislative act and charged with a particular task.

Generally, the organisations are cited in alphabetical order of the language of the publication.

Name Abbre­viation Seat Reference act
(founding act) (a)
Modifications (b)
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators ACER (*) Ljubljana OJ L 211, 14.8.2009, p. 1  
Community Plant Variety Office CPVO Angers OJ L 227, 1.9.1994, p. 1  
Eurojust (1) The Hague OJ L 63, 6.3.2002, p. 1  
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work EU-OSHA (*) Bilbao OJ L 216, 20.8.1994, p. 1  
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex (*) Warsaw OJ L 349, 25.11.2004, p. 1  
European Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice eu-LISA (*) Tallinn OJ L 286, 1.11.2011, p. 1  
European Asylum Support Office EASO (*) Valletta OJ L 132, 29.5.2010, p. 11  
European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Cologne OJ L 79, 19.3.2008, p. 1
(OJ L 240, 7.9.2002, p. 1)
 
European Banking Authority EBA London OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 12  
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC (*) Stockholm OJ L 142, 30.4.2004, p. 1  
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop (*) Thessaloniki OJ L 39, 13.2.1975, p. 1  
European Chemicals Agency ECHA (*) Helsinki (OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1) Corrigendum:
OJ L 136, 29.5.2007, p. 3
European Environment Agency EEA Copenhagen OJ L 126, 21.5.2009, p. 13  
European Fisheries Control Agency (2) EFCA Vigo OJ L 128, 21.5.2005, p. 1  
European Food Safety Authority EFSA (*) Parma OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1  
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Eurofound (*) Dublin OJ L 139, 30.5.1975, p. 1  
European GNSS Agency GSA (*) Prague OJ L 276, 20.10.2010, p. 11  
European Institute for Gender Equality EIGE (*) Vilnius OJ L 403, 30.12.2006, p. 9  
European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority EIOPA Frankfurt am Main OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 48  
European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA Lisbon OJ L 208, 5.8.2002, p. 1  
European Medicines Agency EMA (*) London OJ L 136, 30.4.2004, p. 1  
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction EMCDDA Lisbon OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 1
(OJ L 36, 12.2.1993, p. 1)
 

European Police College

1.7.2016: ‘European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training’ (CEPOL)

CEPOL (*) Budapest OJ L 256, 1.10.2005, p. 63 Amending act (seat):
OJ L 163, 29.5.2014, p. 5
European Police Office Europol The Hague OJ L 121, 15.5.2009, p. 37
(OJ C 316, 27.11.1995, p. 1)
 
European Railway Agency ERA Lille-Valenciennes OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 1  
European Securities and Markets Authority ESMA Paris OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 84  
European Training Foundation ETF (*) Turin OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 82
(OJ L 131, 23.5.1990, p. 1)
 
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (3) FRA (*) Vienna OJ L 53, 22.2.2007, p. 1  
European Union Agency for Network and Information Security ENISA (*) Heraklion OJ L 165, 18.6.2013, p. 41
(OJ L 77, 13.3.2004, p. 1)
 

Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs)
(short form: Office for Harmonization) (4)

23.3.2016: ‘European Union Intellectual Property Office’ (EUIPO)

OHIM Alicante OJ L 78, 24.3.2009, p. 1
(OJ L 11, 14.1.1994, p. 1)
 
Office of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications
(short form: BEREC Office) (5)
Riga OJ L 337, 18.12.2009, p. 1  
Single Resolution Board SRB Brussels OJ L 225, 30.7.2014, p. 1  
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union CdT Luxembourg OJ L 314, 7.12.1994, p. 1  
Adopted modification(s)

Agency concerned

New name

Reference act
European Police College (CEPOL) 1.7.2016: ‘European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training’ (CEPOL) OJ L 319, 4.12.2015, p. 1
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM) 23.3.2016: ‘European Union Intellectual Property Office’ (EUIPO) OJ L 341, 24.12.2015, p. 21
Under preparation
Several procedures that are either planned or underway may lead to the modification of the name of one or more agencies.

Agency concerned

Proposed new name

Procedure
Bendrijos augalų veislių tarnyba (BAVT) European Agency on Plant Varieties (EAPV) COM(2013) 262 — 2013/0137 (COD)
to be monitored (the EP asked the Commission to withdraw its proposal and submit a new one)
Eurojust European Union Agency for Criminal Justice Cooperation (Eurojust) COM(2013) 535 final — 2013/0256 (COD)
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex) European Border and Coast Guard Agency COM(2015) 671 final — 2015/0310 (COD)
European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) European Union Agency for Aviation (EAA)(?) COM(2013) 409 final — 2013/0187 (COD)
European Police Office (Europol) European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol) COM(2013) 173 final — 2013/0091 (COD)
European Railway Agency (ERA) European Union Agency for Railways (ERA)(?) COM(2013) 27 final — 2013/0014 (COD)
 
(a)
The reference act is in principle the founding act. If the latter has been ‘recast’ or a ‘codified version’ of it has been made, or if it has been repealed and replaced by a new act, this modified act becomes the new reference act (the original founding act is then indicated in brackets as a reminder).
(b)

The different types of modification are as follows.

‘Corrigendum’, ‘amending act’ (or other): modifications to the basic act with regard to the name, the abbreviation or the seat.
!!!UNDER PREPARATION!!!‘Written form amended’: for the body in question, the written form used in the basic regulation has been amended in order to conform to the conventions of interinstitutional writing, in particular the rules relating to upper and lower case (with the agreement of the lawyer-linguists of the Council, no corrigendum is necessary).
(*)
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
(1)
Eurojust is the European agency for the enhancement of judicial cooperation.
(2)
Until 31.12.2011: ‘Community Fisheries Control Agency’ (CFCA).
(3)
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights replaced the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia.
(4)
Do not use ‘Office for Trade Marks’.
(5)
It is the ‘BEREC Office’ that has agency status, not the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications.
NB:
See also Decision 2004/97/EC, Euratom of 13 December 2003 on the location of certain offices and agencies of the European Union (OJ L 29, 3.2.2004, p. 15).

Common foreign and security policy

Name Abbre­viation Seat Reference act
European Defence Agency EDA Brussels OJ L 183, 13.7.2011, p. 16
European Union Institute for Security Studies EUISS Paris OJ L 41, 12.2.2014, p. 13
European Union Satellite Centre Satcen Torrejón de Ardoz OJ L 188, 27.6.2014, p. 73

9.5.4. Executive agencies

These agencies are legal entities established in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 (OJ L 11, 16.1.2003) with a view to being entrusted with certain tasks relating to the management of one or more European Union programmes. These agencies are set up for a fixed period.

Name Abbre­viation Seat Reference act
(+ corrigendum or amending act)
Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency Chafea (*) Luxembourg OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 69
amending act:
OJ L 363, 18.12.2014, p. 183
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency EACEA (*) Brussels OJ L 343, 19.12.2013, p. 46
European Research Council Executive Agency ERCEA (*) Brussels OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 58
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises EASME (*) Brussels OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 73
Innovation and Networks Executive Agency INEA (*) Brussels OJ L 352, 24.12.2013, p. 65
Research Executive Agency REA (*) Brussels OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 54
(*)
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.

9.5.5. Euratom agencies and bodies

These agencies or bodies have been created to support the aims of the European Atomic Energy Community Treaty (Euratom).

Name Abbre­viation Seat Reference act
Euratom Supply Agency Luxembourg OJ L 41, 15.2.2008, p. 15
Fusion for Energy Joint Undertaking (1) Barcelona OJ L 90, 30.3.2007, p. 58
(1)
European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy.

9.5.6. Other organisations

Common name Short name Abbre­viation Seat Reference act
Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking BBI Joint Undertaking Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 130
Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking   Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 77
ECSEL Joint Undertaking (1)   Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 152
European Institute of Innovation and Technology   EIT (*) Budapest OJ L 97, 9.4.2008, p. 1
Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking FCH 2 Joint Undertaking Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 108
IMI 2 Joint Undertaking   Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 54
SESAR Joint Undertaking   Brussels OJ L 192, 1.7.2014, p. 1
Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking S2R Joint Undertaking Brussels OJ L 177, 17.6.2014, p. 9
(*)
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
(1)
Replaces Artemis and ENIAC joint undertakings.
Last updated: 18.1.2016
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