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9.5. Administrative structure of the European Union: official titles and listing order

See also Annex A9 — Institutions,
bodies, interinstitutional services and
organisations: multilingual list

9.5.1. Institutions and bodies

The institutions and bodies must be listed in protocol order.

The following list indicates the official title, following protocol order since 1 December 2009 (entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon). The list is followed by a table indicating the form of title to use according to type of publication, as well as the relevant abbreviation and location of the seat.

(a) Institutions

Three Councils
(Do not get them confused)
In the European Union

Meetings of the Heads of State or Government (presidents or prime ministers) and the President of the European Commission take place, in principle, four times a year. These meetings are also known as ‘summits’. The European Council fixes the general political guidelines of the Union.

The ministers of the Member States meet regularly within the Council of the European Union. Depending on the issue on the agenda, each country will be represented by the minister responsible for that. It is the Union’s main decision-making body and determines the greater part of European legislation.

Outside the European Union

The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation but is not a European institution.

European Council
President of the European Council
Court of Justice of the European Union
Court of Justice
General Court
Civil Service Tribunal

(b) External policy body

European External Action Service
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

(c) Consultative bodies

(d) Other bodies

INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES — Different forms of title
Long name Short name (1) Abbreviation Seat
European Parliament Parliament EP Strasbourg (2)
European Council Brussels
Council of the European Union Council

In popular parlance:

Council [Council of …
(specialised, e.g. Agriculture, Ministers)
e.g. Fisheries Council (specific)
European Commission Commission Brussels (3)
Court of Justice
of the European Union
Court of Justice CJEU Luxembourg
Court of Justice (instance)
Court Luxembourg
General Court
Court Luxembourg
Civil Service Tribunal
Tribunal Luxembourg
European Central Bank Central Bank, Bank ECB Frankfurt am Main
European Court of Auditors (4) Court of Auditors, Court ECA Luxembourg
in the Official Journal: Court of Auditors
European External Action Service EEAS Brussels
European Economic and Social Committee Committee EESC (5) Brussels
Committee of the Regions of the European Union Committee of the Regions, Committee CoR Brussels
in the Official Journal: Committee of the Regions
European Investment Bank Bank EIB Luxembourg
European Ombudsman Ombudsman Strasbourg (6)
European Data Protection Supervisor European Supervisor, Supervisor EDPS Brussels
Notes concerning the institutions and bodies
The abbreviated form should only be used if there is no possibility of confusion (notably between ‘Court’ and ‘Committee’). The full expression must always be used at the first mention.
The seat of the Parliament is at Strasbourg. Additional sessions are organised at Brussels. The Secretariat is installed at Luxembourg.
The Commission has its seat at Brussels, but it has some services based in Luxembourg.
‘European Court of Auditors’ is the title in general use. However, the official title used in purely legal texts is ‘Court of Auditors of the European Union’ (before 1.12.2009: ‘Court of Auditors of the European Communities’), even if it is rarely found in texts. The short form ‘Court of Auditors’ is used in the Official Journal.
Do not use the short form ‘Economic and Social Committee’ or the abbreviation ‘CES’.
The seat of the Ombudsman is that of the European Parliament.

9.5.2. Interinstitutional services (1)

European Personnel Selection Office (2) EPSO (*)
EUSA (*)
Brussels OJ L 197, 26.7.2002, p. 56
Publications Office of the European Union (4) OP (*) Luxembourg OJ L 168, 30.6.2009, p. 41
Notes concerning interinstitutional services
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
Attached administratively to the European Commission.
Usual name.
Attached administratively to the European Personnel Selection Office.
Until 30.6.2009: ‘Office for Official Publications of the European Communities’.

9.5.3. Decentralised organisations (agencies)

Decentralised organisations (agencies) are created by a specific legislative act and charged with a particular task.

Generally, the organisations are cited in alphabetical order of the language of the publication.

Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators ACER Ljubljana OJ L 211, 14.8.2009, p. 1
Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications BEREC Riga OJ L 337, 18.12.2009, p. 1
Community Plant Variety Office CPVO Angers OJ L 227, 1.9.1994, p. 1
Eurojust (4) The Hague OJ L 63, 6.3.2002, p. 1
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work EU-OSHA (*) Bilbao OJ L 216, 20.8.1994, p. 1
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex (*) Warsaw OJ L 349, 25.11.2004, p. 1
European Agency for the Οperational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice eu-LISA (*) Tallinn OJ L 286, 1.11.2011, p. 1
European Asylum Support Office EASO (*) Valletta OJ L 132, 29.5.2010, p. 11
European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Cologne OJ L 79, 19.3.2008, p. 1
European Banking Authority EBA London OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 12
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC (*) Stockholm OJ L 142, 30.4.2004, p. 1
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop (*) Thessaloniki OJ L 39, 13.2.1975, p. 1
European Chemicals Agency ECHA (*) Helsinki OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1PDF(1.78 MB)
European Environment Agency EEA Copenhagen OJ L 126, 21.5.2009, p. 13
European Fisheries Control Agency (1) EFCA Vigo OJ L 128, 21.5.2005, p. 1
European Food Safety Authority EFSA (*) Parma OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Eurofound (*) Dublin OJ L 139, 30.5.1975, p. 1
European GNSS Agency GSA (*) Prague OJ L 276, 20.10.2010, p. 11
European Institute for Gender Equality EIGE (*) Vilnius OJ L 403, 30.12.2006, p. 9
European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority EIOPA Frankfurt am Main OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 48
European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA Lisbon OJ L 129, 29.4.2004, p. 1
European Medicines Agency EMA (*) London OJ L 136, 30.4.2004, p. 1
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction EMCDDA Lisbon OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 1
European Police College CEPOL (*) Budapest OJ L 256, 1.10.2005, p. 63;
OJ L 163, 29.5.2014, p. 5
European Police Office Europol The Hague OJ L 121, 15.5.2009, p. 37
European Railway Agency ERA Lille-Valenciennes OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 1PDF(181 kB)
European Securities and Markets Authority ESMA Paris OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 84
European Training Foundation ETF (*) Turin OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 82
European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2) FRA (*) Vienna OJ L 53, 22.2.2007, p. 1
European Union Agency for Network and Information Security ENISA (*) Heraklion OJ L 165, 18.6.2013, p. 41
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (3) OHIM Alicante OJ L 78, 24.3.2009, p. 1
Single Resolution Board SRB Brussels OJ L 225, 30.7.2014, p. 1
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union CdT Luxembourg OJ L 314, 7.12.1994, p. 1

Common foreign and security policy

European Defence Agency EDA Brussels OJ L 183, 13.7.2011, p. 16
European Union Institute for Security Studies EUISS Paris OJ L 41, 12.2.2014, p. 13
European Union Satellite Centre EUSC Torrejón de Ardoz OJ L 200, 25.7.2001, p. 5
Notes concerning decentralised organisations
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
Until 31.12.2011: ‘Community Fisheries Control Agency’ (CFCA).
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights replaced the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia.
The short form ‘Office for Harmonization’ is also seen. (Do not use ‘Office for Trade Marks’.)
Eurojust is the European agency for the enhancement of judicial cooperation.
See also Decision 2004/97/EC, Euratom of 13 December 2003 on the location of certain offices and agencies of the European Union (OJ L 29, 3.2.2004, p. 15).

9.5.4. Executive agencies

These agencies are legal entities established in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 (OJ L 11, 16.1.2003) with a view to being entrusted with certain tasks relating to the management of one or more European Union programmes. These agencies are set up for a fixed period.

Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency Chafea (*) Luxembourg OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 69;
OJ L 363, 18.12.2014, p. 183
Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency EACEA (*) Brussels OJ L 343, 19.12.2013, p. 46
European Research Council Executive Agency ERCEA (*) Brussels OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 58
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises EASME (*) Brussels OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 73
Innovation and Networks Executive Agency INEA (*) Brussels OJ L 352, 24.12.2013, p. 65
Research Executive Agency REA (*) Brussels OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 54
Notes concerning executive agencies
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.

9.5.5. Euratom agencies and bodies

These agencies or bodies have been created to support the aims of the European Atomic Energy Community Treaty (Euratom).

Euratom Supply Agency Luxembourg OJ L 41, 15.2.2008, p. 15
Fusion for Energy Joint Undertaking (1) Barcelona OJ L 90, 30.3.2007, p. 58
Notes concerning Euratom agencies and bodies
European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy.

9.5.6. Other organisations

Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 77
ECSEL Joint Undertaking (1) Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 152
European Institute of Innovation and Technology EIT (*) Budapest OJ L 97, 9.4.2008, p. 1
IMI 2 Joint Undertaking (2) Brussels OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 54
SESAR Joint Undertaking (3) Brussels OJ L 192, 1.7.2014, p. 1
Notes concerning other organisations
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
Replaces Artemis and ENIAC joint undertakings.
Joint Undertaking for the implementation of the Joint Technology Initiative on Innovative Medicines.
Joint undertaking to develop the new generation European air traffic management system.
Last updated: 6.2.2015
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