9.5. Administrative structure of the European Union: official titles and listing order
bodies, interinstitutional services and
organisations: multilingual list
9.5.1. Institutions and bodies
The institutions and bodies must be listed in protocol order.
The following list indicates the official title, following protocol order since 1 December 2009 (entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon). The list is followed by a table indicating the form of title to use according to type of publication, as well as the relevant abbreviation and location of the seat.
(Do not get them confused)
Meetings of the Heads of State or Government (presidents or prime ministers) and the President of the European Commission take place, in principle, four times a year. These meetings are also known as ‘summits’. The European Council fixes the general political guidelines of the Union.
The ministers of the Member States meet regularly within the Council of the European Union. Depending on the issue on the agenda, each country will be represented by the minister responsible for that. It is the Union’s main decision-making body and determines the greater part of European legislation.
The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation but is not a European institution.
|INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES — Different forms of title|
|Long name||Short name (1)||Abbreviation||Seat|
|European Parliament||Parliament||EP||Strasbourg (2)|
|Council of the European Union||Council
In popular parlance:
Council [Council of …
(specialised, e.g. Agriculture, Ministers)
e.g. Fisheries Council (specific)
|European Commission||Commission||—||Brussels (3)|
|Court of Justice
of the European Union
|Court of Justice||CJEU||Luxembourg|
Court of Justice (instance)
Civil Service Tribunal
|European Central Bank||Central Bank, Bank||ECB||Frankfurt am Main|
|European Court of Auditors (4)||Court of Auditors, Court||ECA||Luxembourg|
|in the Official Journal: Court of Auditors|
|European External Action Service||—||EEAS||Brussels|
|European Economic and Social Committee||Committee||EESC (5)||Brussels|
|Committee of the Regions of the European Union||Committee of the Regions, Committee||CoR||Brussels|
|in the Official Journal: Committee of the Regions|
|European Investment Bank||Bank||EIB||Luxembourg|
|European Ombudsman||Ombudsman||—||Strasbourg (6)|
|European Data Protection Supervisor||European Supervisor, Supervisor||EDPS||Brussels|
9.5.2. Interinstitutional services (1)
|European Personnel Selection Office (2)||EPSO (*)
|Brussels||OJ L 197, 26.7.2002, p. 56|
|Publications Office of the European Union (4)||OP (*)||Luxembourg||OJ L 168, 30.6.2009, p. 41|
Decentralised organisations (agencies) are created by a specific legislative act and charged with a particular task.
Generally, the organisations are cited in alphabetical order of the language of the publication.
Common foreign and security policy
|European Defence Agency||EDA||Brussels||OJ L 183, 13.7.2011, p. 16|
|European Union Institute for Security Studies||EUISS||Paris||OJ L 41, 12.2.2014, p. 13|
|European Union Satellite Centre||EUSC||Torrejón de Ardoz||OJ L 200, 25.7.2001, p. 5|
These agencies are legal entities established in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 (OJ L 11, 16.1.2003) with a view to being entrusted with certain tasks relating to the management of one or more European Union programmes. These agencies are set up for a fixed period.
|Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency||Chafea (*)||Luxembourg||OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 69;
OJ L 363, 18.12.2014, p. 183
|Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency||EACEA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 343, 19.12.2013, p. 46|
|European Research Council Executive Agency||ERCEA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 58|
|Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises||EASME (*)||Brussels||OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 73|
|Innovation and Networks Executive Agency||INEA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 352, 24.12.2013, p. 65|
|Research Executive Agency||REA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 54|
These agencies or bodies have been created to support the aims of the European Atomic Energy Community Treaty (Euratom).
|Euratom Supply Agency||—||Luxembourg||OJ L 41, 15.2.2008, p. 15|
|Fusion for Energy Joint Undertaking (1)||—||Barcelona||OJ L 90, 30.3.2007, p. 58|
|ARTEMIS Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 30, 4.2.2008, p. 52|
|Clean Sky Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 30, 4.2.2008, p. 1|
|ENIAC Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 30, 4.2.2008, p. 21|
|European Institute of Innovation and Technology||EIT (*)||Budapest||OJ L 97, 9.4.2008, p. 1|
|IMI Joint Undertaking (1)||—||Brussels||OJ L 30, 4.2.2008, p. 38|
|SESAR Joint Undertaking (2)||—||Brussels||OJ L 64, 2.3.2007, p. 1|