9.5. Administrative structure of the European Union: official titles and listing order
bodies, interinstitutional services and
organisations: multilingual list
9.5.1. Institutions and bodies
The institutions and bodies must be listed in protocol order.
The following list indicates the official title, following protocol order since 1 December 2009 (entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon). The list is followed by a table indicating the form of title to use according to type of publication, as well as the relevant abbreviation and location of the seat.
(Do not get them confused)
Meetings of the Heads of State or Government (presidents or prime ministers) and the President of the European Commission take place, in principle, four times a year. These meetings are also known as ‘summits’. The European Council fixes the general political guidelines of the Union.
The ministers of the Member States meet regularly within the Council of the European Union. Depending on the issue on the agenda, each country will be represented by the minister responsible for that. It is the Union’s main decision-making body and determines the greater part of European legislation.
The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation but is not a European institution.
|INSTITUTIONS AND BODIES — Different forms of title|
|Long name||Short name (1)||Abbreviation||Seat|
|European Parliament||Parliament||EP||Strasbourg (2)|
|Council of the European Union||Council
In popular parlance:
Council [Council of …
(specialised, e.g. Agriculture, Ministers)
e.g. Fisheries Council (specific)
|European Commission||Commission||—||Brussels (3)|
|Court of Justice of the European Union
|Court of Justice||CJEU||Luxembourg|
Court of Justice (instance)
|European Central Bank||Central Bank, Bank||ECB||Frankfurt am Main|
|European Court of Auditors (4)||Court of Auditors, Court||ECA||Luxembourg|
|in the Official Journal: Court of Auditors|
|European External Action Service||—||EEAS||Brussels|
|European Economic and Social Committee||Committee||EESC (5)||Brussels|
|Committee of the Regions of the European Union||Committee of the Regions, Committee||CoR||Brussels|
|in the Official Journal: Committee of the Regions|
|European Investment Bank||Bank||EIB||Luxembourg|
|European Ombudsman||Ombudsman||—||Strasbourg (6)|
|European Data Protection Supervisor||European Supervisor, Supervisor||EDPS||Brussels|
The abbreviated form should only be used if there is no possibility of confusion (notably between ‘Court’ and ‘Committee’). The full expression must always be used at the first mention.
The seat of the Parliament is at Strasbourg. Additional sessions are organised at Brussels. The Secretariat is installed at Luxembourg.
The Commission has its seat at Brussels, but it has some services based in Luxembourg.
‘European Court of Auditors’ is the title in general use. However, the official title used in purely legal texts is ‘Court of Auditors of the European Union’ (before 1.12.2009: ‘Court of Auditors of the European Communities’), even if it is rarely found in texts. The short form ‘Court of Auditors’ is used in the Official Journal.
Do not use the short form ‘Economic and Social Committee’ or the abbreviation ‘CES’.
The seat of the Ombudsman is that of the European Parliament.
The interinstitutional services are attached administratively to the European Commission (see also Section 9.6).
|European Personnel Selection Office (1)||EPSO (*)
|Brussels||OJ L 197, 26.7.2002, p. 53|
|Publications Office of the European Union (3)||OP (*)||Luxembourg||OJ L 168, 30.6.2009, p. 41|
Decentralised organisations (agencies) are created by a specific legislative act and charged with a particular task.
Generally, the organisations are cited in alphabetical order of the language of the publication.
(founding act) (a)
|Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators||ACER (*)||Ljubljana||OJ L 211, 14.8.2009, p. 1|
|Community Plant Variety Office||CPVO||Angers||OJ L 227, 1.9.1994, p. 1|
|Eurojust (1)||—||The Hague||OJ L 63, 6.3.2002, p. 1|
|European Agency for Safety and Health at Work||EU-OSHA (*)||Bilbao||OJ L 216, 20.8.1994, p. 1|
6.10.2016: ‘European Border and Coast Guard Agency’ (Frontex)
|Frontex (*)||Warsaw||OJ L 349, 25.11.2004, p. 1|
|European Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice||eu-LISA (*)||Tallinn||OJ L 286, 1.11.2011, p. 1|
|European Asylum Support Office||EASO (*)||Valletta||OJ L 132, 29.5.2010, p. 11|
|European Aviation Safety Agency||EASA||Cologne||OJ L 79, 19.3.2008, p. 1
(OJ L 240, 7.9.2002, p. 1)
|European Banking Authority||EBA||London||OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 12|
|European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control||ECDC (*)||Stockholm||OJ L 142, 30.4.2004, p. 1|
|European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training||Cedefop (*)||Thessaloniki||OJ L 39, 13.2.1975, p. 1|
|European Chemicals Agency||ECHA (*)||Helsinki||(OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1)||Corrigendum:
OJ L 136, 29.5.2007, p. 3
|European Environment Agency||EEA||Copenhagen||OJ L 126, 21.5.2009, p. 13|
|European Fisheries Control Agency (2)||EFCA||Vigo||OJ L 128, 21.5.2005, p. 1|
|European Food Safety Authority||EFSA (*)||Parma||OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1|
|European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions||Eurofound (*)||Dublin||OJ L 139, 30.5.1975, p. 1|
|European GNSS Agency||GSA (*)||Prague||OJ L 276, 20.10.2010, p. 11|
|European Institute for Gender Equality||EIGE (*)||Vilnius||OJ L 403, 30.12.2006, p. 9|
|European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority||EIOPA||Frankfurt am Main||OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 48|
|European Maritime Safety Agency||EMSA||Lisbon||OJ L 208, 5.8.2002, p. 1|
|European Medicines Agency||EMA (*)||London||OJ L 136, 30.4.2004, p. 1|
|European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction||EMCDDA||Lisbon||OJ
L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 1
(OJ L 36, 12.2.1993, p. 1)
1.5.2017: ‘European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation’ (Europol)
L 121, 15.5.2009, p. 37
(OJ C 316, 27.11.1995, p. 1)
|European Securities and Markets Authority||ESMA||Paris||OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 84|
|European Training Foundation||ETF (*)||Turin||OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 82
(OJ L 131, 23.5.1990, p. 1)
|European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (3)||FRA (*)||Vienna||OJ L 53, 22.2.2007, p. 1|
|European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Training (4)||CEPOL||Budapest||OJ L 319, 4.12.2015, p. 1
(OJ L 256, 1.10.2005, p. 63)
|Amending act (seat):
OJ L 163, 29.5.2014, p. 5
|European Union Agency for Network and Information Security||ENISA (*)||Heraklion||OJ L 165, 18.6.2013, p. 41
(OJ L 77, 13.3.2004, p. 1)
|European Union Agency for Railways (5)||Lille-Valenciennes||OJ L 138, 26.5.2016, p. 1
(OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 1)
|European Union Intellectual Property Office (6)||EUIPO||Alicante||OJ L 341, 24.12.2015, p. 21
(OJ L 11, 14.1.1994, p. 1)
|Office of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications
(short form: BEREC Office) (7)
|—||Riga||OJ L 337, 18.12.2009, p. 1|
|Single Resolution Board||SRB||Brussels||OJ L 225, 30.7.2014, p. 1|
|Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union||CdT||Luxembourg||OJ L 314, 7.12.1994, p. 1|
|Agency concerned||New name||Reference act|
|European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex)||6.10.2016: ‘European Border and Coast Guard Agency’ (Frontex)||OJ L 251, 16.9.2016, p. 1|
|European Police Office (Europol)||1.5.2017: ‘European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation’ (Europol)||OJ L 135, 24.5.2016, p. 53|
Several procedures that are either planned or underway may lead to the modification of the name of one or more agencies.
|Agency concerned||Proposed new name||Procedure|
|Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO)||European Agency on Plant Varieties (EAPV)||COM(2013) 262 — 2013/0137 (COD)
to be monitored (the EP asked the Commission to withdraw its proposal and submit a new one)
|Eurojust||European Union Agency for Criminal Justice Cooperation (Eurojust)||COM(2013) 535 final — 2013/0256 (COD)|
|European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)||European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)(?)||COM(2015) 613 final — 2015/0277 (COD)|
The reference act is in principle the founding act. If the latter has been ‘recast’ or a ‘codified version’ of it has been made, or if it has been repealed and replaced by a new act, this modified act becomes the new reference act (the original founding act is then indicated in brackets as a reminder).
The different types of modification are as follows.
‘Corrigendum’, ‘amending act’ (or other): modifications to the basic act with regard to the name, the abbreviation or the seat.
!!!UNDER PREPARATION!!!‘Written form amended’: for the body in question, the written form used in the basic regulation has been amended in order to conform to the conventions of interinstitutional writing, in particular the rules relating to upper and lower case (with the agreement of the lawyer-linguists of the Council, no corrigendum is necessary).
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
Eurojust is the European agency for the enhancement of judicial cooperation.
Until 31.12.2011: ‘Community Fisheries Control Agency’ (CFCA).
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights replaced the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia.
Until 30.6.2016: ‘European Police College’ (CEPOL).
Until 14.6.2016: ‘European Railway Agency’ (ERA).
Until 22.3.2016: ‘Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs)’; abbreviation: OHIM; short form: ‘Office for Harmonization’ (do not use ‘Office for Trade Marks’).
It is the ‘BEREC Office’ that has agency status, not the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications.
See also Decision 2004/97/EC, Euratom of 13 December 2003 on the location of certain offices and agencies of the European Union (OJ L 29, 3.2.2004, p. 15).
Common foreign and security policy
|European Defence Agency||EDA||Brussels||OJ L 183, 13.7.2011, p. 16|
|European Union Institute for Security Studies||EUISS||Paris||OJ L 41, 12.2.2014, p. 13|
|European Union Satellite Centre||Satcen||Torrejón de Ardoz||OJ L 188, 27.6.2014, p. 73|
These agencies are legal entities established in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) No 58/2003 (OJ L 11, 16.1.2003) with a view to being entrusted with certain tasks relating to the management of one or more European Union programmes. These agencies are set up for a fixed period.
(+ corrigendum or amending act)
|Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency||Chafea (*)||Luxembourg||OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 69
OJ L 363, 18.12.2014, p. 183
|Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency||EACEA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 343, 19.12.2013, p. 46|
|European Research Council Executive Agency||ERCEA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 58|
|Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises||EASME (*)||Brussels||OJ L 341, 18.12.2013, p. 73|
|Innovation and Networks Executive Agency||INEA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 352, 24.12.2013, p. 65|
|Research Executive Agency||REA (*)||Brussels||OJ L 346, 20.12.2013, p. 54|
Unique abbreviation for all linguistic versions.
These agencies or bodies have been created to support the aims of the European Atomic Energy Community Treaty (Euratom).
|Euratom Supply Agency||—||Luxembourg||OJ L 41, 15.2.2008, p. 15|
|Fusion for Energy Joint Undertaking (1)||—||Barcelona||OJ L 90, 30.3.2007, p. 58|
European Joint Undertaking for ITER and the Development of Fusion Energy.
|Common name||Short name||Abbreviation||Seat||Reference act|
|Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking||BBI Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 130|
|Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 77|
|ECSEL Joint Undertaking (1)||—||Brussels||OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 152|
|European Institute of Innovation and Technology||EIT (*)||Budapest||OJ L 97, 9.4.2008, p. 1|
|Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking||FCH 2 Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 108|
|IMI 2 Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 169, 7.6.2014, p. 54|
|SESAR Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 192, 1.7.2014, p. 1|
|Shift2Rail Joint Undertaking||S2R Joint Undertaking||—||Brussels||OJ L 177, 17.6.2014, p. 9|