9.1.5. Addresses in the Member States: specific characteristics
Postal codes, Eircode and country codes
The following table describes precisely the structure of the codes to be used in all Member States.
|Czechia||5 figures||There is a space between the third and fourth figures. There are two spaces between the postal code and the town name.|
|Germany||5 figures||Never use a country code (D- or DE-) in front of the postal code. Doing so could lead to a delay of mail being sorted by machine.|
|Ireland||7 alphanumeric characters (Eircode)||Add, if possible, the code for the sector in Dublin.
The Eircode must be placed on a separate line, above the country name.
|Greece||5 figures||There is a space between the third and fourth figures.|
|Spain||5 figures||Insert the name of the province after the town name, on a separate line – see the list on the UPU website.|
|Croatia||5 figures||HR||The postal code must be preceded by ‘HR-’|
|Italy||5 figures||Insert the abbreviation for the province after the town name – see the list on the UPU website.|
(to the right)
|LV||The postal code must be preceded by ‘LV-’. It is situated to the right of the town name, from which it is separated by a comma.|
|Lithuania||5 figures||LT||The postal code must be preceded by ‘LT-’|
|Luxembourg||4 figures||L||The postal code must be preceded by ‘L-’|
|Hungary||4 figures||The street name must be placed under the town name. The postal code must be placed on a separate line, above the country name.|
|Malta||3 letters +
|The postal code must be placed under the town name, with a space between the letters and figures.|
|Netherlands||4 figures +
|There is a space between the figures and letters. There are two spaces between the postal code and the town name.|
|Poland||5 figures||There is a hyphen between the second and third figures.|
|Portugal||7 figures||There is a hyphen between the fourth and fifth figures.|
|Slovenia||4 figures||SI||The postal code must be preceded by ‘SI-’.|
|Slovakia||5 figures||There is a space between the third and fourth figures.|
|Finland||5 figures||FI||The postal code must be preceded by ‘FI-’ (or by ‘AX-’ for the Åland Islands).|
|Sweden||5 figures||SE||The postal code must be preceded by ‘SE-’. There is a space between the third and fourth figures.|
Unless indicated otherwise, the postal code appears to the left of the town name. It is used to define a group of addresses. On the other hand, the Eircode, launched in Ireland in July 2015, is a unique code assigned to each residential and business address.
For practical reasons (synoptism in all linguistic versions) the list is in protocol order.
Some Member States (Belgium, Ireland, Malta and Finland) have two or more official languages that are used as working languages in the European Union institutions. (Although Cyprus has Greek and Turkish as official languages, only Greek is used as a working language in the European Union institutions.) Note that for Belgium, by virtue of an agreement with the Belgian authorities, the multilingual address format does not include the German version. For each of these Member States, two official languages are used when writing addresses in multilingual format: French and Dutch for Belgium; Irish and English for Ireland; Maltese and English for Malta; and Finnish and Swedish for Finland.
Distinct characters must be taken into account in some countries (Bulgaria, Greece/Cyprus).
The writing of addresses for a destination in one of the countries of these two groups depends on the language(s) of the publication and on whether it is a unilingual or multilingual work.
Addresses for a destination in Belgium, Ireland, Malta or Finland
Addresses are given in both official languages of the destination country.
Addresses for a destination in Bulgaria, Greece or Cyprus
Addresses are given in Bulgarian/Greek and the town and country names are added in English. The complete address is also given in Roman characters (English transcription).